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There are different definitions of what is Well Integrity. The most widely accepted definition is given by NORSOK D-010: "Application of technical, operational and organizational solutions to reduce risk of uncontrolled release of formation fluids throughout the life cycle of a well." Other accepted definition is given by ISO TS 16530-2 "Containment and the prevention of the escape of fluids (i.e. Well Integrity is a multidisciplinary approach. Therefore, well integrity engineers need to interact constantly with different disciplines to assess the status of well barriers and well barrier envelopes at all times. Wells that are used for steam injection or steam soak production or Geothermal heat are subject to high differences in thermal cycling and also referred to as Thermal wells.
The US Army Corps of Engineers today will allow Energy Transfer's Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) to remain on line during an environmental review process that could take up to a year. The fate of the oil pipeline was in limbo after an environmental permit was vacated last year when an appeal court ruled that the easement that allowed for the pipeline's construction did not undergo sufficient environmental review. The Corps could have moved to shut the line pending another review but deferred to Judge James Boasberg of the US District Court of the District of Columbia, who vacated the permit allowing the line to run under Lake Oahe in South Dakota, a key water source for people of the region. Boasberg gave operators of the pipeline until 19 April to make the case for keeping the line flowing before he issues a ruling. Keeping the 570,000 B/D line that delivers crude from North Dakota to the US Midwest and Gulf Coast is considered a blow to indigenous groups and environmental activists who have pushed for the taps to be shut.
Sinopec announced this week that production at China's largest shale-gas development has jumped 20% year-over-year. This is based on first quarter results that showed natural-gas production from the Fuling gas field in Chongqing reached a cumulative output of 1.78 Bcm, or nearly 63 Bcf. The boost comes after Sinopec brought 28 new wells on stream this year, the state-owned oil and gas producer said in an announcement. Sinopec is China's second-largest gas producer and said during its earnings call that it is aiming for an annual increase in gas output of 10% over the next 3 years. The operator produced a total of 30.2 Bcm in 2020 and is aiming for 34 Bcm this year. Sinopec's next expected milestones are 38 Bcm in 2022 and 42 Bcm in 2023.
Forecasters at Colorado State University (CSU) are indicating another stormy Atlantic hurricane season for 2021 with an estimated 17 named storms, or cyclones that boast winds of at least 39 mph. Of those named storms, CSU scientists believe 8 will become hurricanes (winds of at least 74 mph), and half of those will spin up into major hurricanes with winds of at least 111 mph. The average number of named storms between 1981–2010, a key CSU forecast parameter, was just over 12, with just over 6 becoming hurricanes and just under 3 strengthening into major hurricanes. "We anticipate that the 2021 Atlantic basin hurricane season will have above-normal activity," the 8 April 8 forecast read. "Current weak La Niña conditions may transition to neutral ENSO (El Niño–Southern Oscillation) by this summer/fall, but the odds of a significant El Niño seem unlikely. Sea surface temperatures averaged across the tropical Atlantic are currently near average, while subtropical Atlantic Sea surface temperatures are warmer than normal. We anticipate an above-average probability for major hurricanes making landfall along the continental United States coastline and in the Caribbean."
Hess Corporation announced today it is selling about 78,700 acres of its Bakken Shale position to Enerplus Corporation for $321 million. Oil production from the areas that are part of the deal averaged around 4,500 B/D over the first quarter of the year, Hess said in a statement. Calling the Bakken Shale a "core asset" for the company, CEO John Hess said the majority of the assets being sold off were not going to be drilled on until 2026 which "brings material value forward and further strengthens our cash and liquidity position." Enerplus considers much of the acreage to be Tier 1 and estimates it adds 2 or 3 years to its Bakken development runway, giving it an estimated 10 years' worth of drilling locations in the region. At current oil prices, Enerplus said the Tier 1 acreage and other areas amount to 120 undrilled locations.
The 2021 Offshore Technology Conference (OTC), to be held 16–19 August in Houston, will honor this year's Distinguished Achievement Award recipients during an awards luncheon on 16 August. The conference will recognize Joe Fowler for individual achievement, ADNOC's Panorama for institutional achievement, and Russell Hoshman and Edward Heerema for the Heritage Award. Joe Fowler will be honored with the Distinguished Achievement Award for Individuals for his extraordinary technical leadership in risers and pipelines, industrial leadership and entrepreneurship, significant contributions in higher education, and his substantial contributions to the societies that organize OTC. As principal investigator for the American Gas Association and Gas Research Institute, his achievements in offshore and land pipelines specifically focus on the collapse behavior of pipelines, the effects of dents on pipeline life, strength of tee and elbow fittings, repair procedures for damaged pipelines, and the development of a diverless pipeline repair clamp. As cofounder of Stress Engineering Services in 1972, and president from 1984–2015, Stress Engineering was selected twice on the Aggie 100 for the fastest-growing companies run by a Texas A&M alumni, best place to work in Texas by the Texas Association for Business in 2011, best place to work in Ohio from 2012–2014, best place to work in Houston in 2011, and best place to work in New Orleans from 2013–2015.
Aligned with SPE's objectives to support local communities, the Hasanuddin University Student Chapter established a strategic alliance with a local community in rural South Sulawesi, Indonesia. In the heart of the village, called the Green Valley, there is a crystalline river surrounded by beautiful vegetation with the sounds of chirping birds. The local community acknowledges the potential of this place as an ecotourism resource; however, they are conscious about the need for establishing a clear strategy to exploit the resources in a sustainable and environmentally friendly way. With knowledge about the situation, the chapter brought additional resources to support the initiative and the community. Specifically, the students helped to map commercial and non-commercial areas/routes, as well as shared information on reforesting best practices and community-based safety management plan.
For more than 20 years now, the SPE Balikpapan Section continues to offer two types of scholarship programs to provide financial support (tuition fees and study support essentials) to students in eastern Indonesia: The University Scholarship Program (USP) and the Scholarship for Educational Assistance (SEA). During the most recent cycle (2020-2021), a total of 85 engineering and geoscience students (50% of them women) from STT Migas Balikpapan, Hasanuddin University, and the Kalimantan Institute of Technology were honored with a scholarship. The program reflects the commitment to diversity, gender equality opportunities, and advancing social mobility; in addition, it provides financial support within a holistic program that supports students' personal growth and development trough mentoring, coaching, and volunteering opportunities to develop a broad base of professional skills. Khusnul Khatimah, one of the grantees shared the importance that the scholarship played not only to cover her academic dues in the COVID19 context, but also to pay for essential internet services that allowed her to continue with online classes. Wilsen Supriady Lauwijaya and Eko Yudhi Purwanto, the leaders of the scholarship program, have committed themselves to continue with the program and prepare the future leaders of the industry.
President Joe Biden's $2.3 trillion plan to transform America's infrastructure includes $16 billion to plug old oil and gas wells and clean up abandoned mines, a longtime priority for Western and rural lawmakers from both parties. Hundreds of thousands of "orphaned" oil and gas wells and abandoned coal and hardrock mines pose serious safety hazards, while causing ongoing environmental damage. The administration sees the longstanding problem as an opportunity to create jobs and remediate pollution, including greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. Biden said last week he wants to put pipefitters and miners to work capping the wells "at the same price that they would charge to dig those wells.″ Many of the old wells and mines are located in rural communities that have been hit hard by the pandemic. Biden's plan would not only create jobs but also help reduce methane and brine leaks that pollute the air and groundwater. Methane is a powerful contributor to global warming. The Interior Department has long led efforts to cap orphaned wells--so named because no owner can be found--but does not assess user fees to cover reclamation costs. Bond requirements for well operators, when known, are often inadequate to cover full cleanup costs. Biden's plan, which needs approval by Congress, would jump-start the well-capping effort and expand it dramatically. Similarly, the White House plan would exponentially boost an Abandoned Mine Land program run by Interior that uses fees paid by coal mining companies to reclaim coal mines abandoned before 1977. About $8 billion has been disbursed to states for mine-reclamation projects in the past 4 decades, but Biden's plan would ramp up spending sharply. Sen. Joe Manchin, the West Virginia Democrat who chairs the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee, has long pushed to expand the mine-lands program, which he calls crucial to his state. "It cannot be forgotten that West Virginia coal miners powered our country to greatness,″ Manchin said.
Occidental Petroleum has split from some of its larger rivals by rejecting a potential US carbon tax, saying that it prefers the existing system of tax credits designed to encourage oil companies to store carbon dioxide and reduce emissions. The position appears to stand in contrast with that of supermajors such as ExxonMobil and the American Petroleum Institute industry group, which voted last month to endorse putting a tax or other price on carbon dioxide emissions to replace other greenhouse gas regulations. Independent producers and refiners have long been opposed to such a levy. "A carbon tax would be bad for a lot of the industry, a carbon tax would be bad for the consumers and especially for those consumers who are more disadvantaged from an economic standpoint," Occidental Chief Executive Officer Vicki Hollub said at a conference hosted by the Texas Independent Producers and Royalty Owners Association on 6 April. "A carbon tax is not what we're pushing at all." Occidental has attempted to position itself as one of America's more climate-forward oil producers, making its opposition to a carbon tax more noteworthy. The Houston-based company was the first large US oil producer to announce a goal to reach net zero carbon emissions by mid-century and has ambitious plans to build in Texas the world's biggest facility to store carbon captured directly from the atmosphere.