There are two primary sources of gas: associated gas reserves and nonassociated gas reserves. The economic drivers for monetizing gas from these two basic sources are quite different and are likely to lead to different gas utilization routes. Hence, it is useful to understand the difference in economic characteristics of these two broad categories of gas sources. Nonassociated gas reserves are developed primarily to produce natural gas. There may or may not be condensate production together with the gas. Under these conditions, it is essential that there be a profitable market to which to deliver the gas. Associated gas is gas produced as a byproduct of the production of crude oil. Associated gas reserves are typically developed for the production of crude oil, which pays for the field development costs. The reserves typically produce at peak levels for a few years and then decline. Associated gas is generally regarded as an undesirable byproduct, which is either reinjected, flared, or vented. The need to produce oil and dispose of natural gas (as is the case with associated gas) requires unique approaches in the field-development plans. With increasing focus on sustainable development, flaring may cease to be an option. Some countries have already legislated against gas flaring. For example, current Nigerian policy requires all flaring to be eliminated by 2008. This policy is expected to eliminate the waste of a valuable resource for Nigeria and attendant negative impacts on the environment. Consequently, several key gas utilization projects have either been recently completed or are at various stages of implementation in Nigeria. Natural gas reserves are plentiful around the world, but many are too small or too remote from sizable population centers to be developed economically. Estimates of remote or stranded gas reserves range from 40 to 60% of the world's proven gas reserves. The local market for gas is usually too small, or the gas field is too far from the industrialized markets.
When the head of Libya’s state energy company visited Sharara oil field in early July, community leaders and workers crowded into a conference room to ask about jobs, training, and services for local people. Public acceptance is a major challenge for the siting of facilities. The offering of compensation to communities potentially helps to create the perception of a fairer distribution of local risks and nonlocal benefits. This may help to prevent or solve siting controversies. Anadarko Petroleum said late on 30 June that it has tested more than 4,000 active oil and gas lines and plugged another 2,400 inactive ones per a state order issued after a fatal home explosion in Firestone, Colorado, in April.
Echoing a common complaint in the impoverished swampland that produces most of Nigeria’s oil, the protesters said they were not benefiting from the region’s oil wealth and wanted an end to the oil pollution that has ruined much of the land. Opponents of the Keystone XL pipeline vowed on 10 August to block construction of the controversial project if Nebraska regulators approve the proposed route later this year.
Recently, Nigeria's Department of Petroleum Resources issued guidelines in furtherance of the objectives of the Flare Gas (Prevention of Waste and Pollution) Regulations, 2018. Nigerian militants threatened on 17 January to attack offshore oil facilities within days, raising fears of a repeat of a 2016 wave of violence that helped push Africa’s biggest economy into recession. Is Crude Oil Killing Children in Nigeria? A recent report by a group of scientists at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland found that children born within 10 km of an oil spill were twice as likely to die in their first month. The Nigerian Petroleum Industry Bill possibly ranks as No. 1 by a wide margin among the bills that have spent the most time with the legislature.
Anadarko Petroleum wants a fleet of at least six vehicles with armor heavy enough to stop AK-47 bullets at its natural-gas project in Mozambique. And it needs them soon. By examining two very different security-risk environments, this paper will illustrate how easily security-related human-rights risks can go unnoticed unless care is taken early in the risk-management process. Oil production at Libya’s Sharara field, the country’s largest, was resuming on 6 September after a valve was reopened on a pipeline shut by an armed group for more than 2 weeks, Libyan oil industry sources said. A third Damen security vessel will be deployed to provide security and other support services to the international offshore oil companies active off the coast of Nigeria in the Gulf of Guinea, in cooperation with the Nigerian Navy.
Emmanuel Ikehi, Richard Boakye Yiadom, David Semwogerere, and Lotanna Ohazuruike are this year’s recipients of the Imomoh Scholarship, which was endowed to the SPE Foundation by Egbert Imomoh to support excellence in education for students from Africa. In 2013, Ikehi served as a petroleum engineering intern at the Nigerian Petroleum Development Company. His journey to the Imomoh Scholarship began in 2012 when he inspired his course mates to form an SPE student chapter. He went on to become the pioneer secretary of the newly formed chapter. Since then, he has been an active member of SPE.
KBR will head a joint venture with TechnipFMC and JGC to provide a basic design package and EPC bid for the Bonny Island expansion. TechnipFMC confirms the December shipment of LNG from its new facility in northern Russia, one of the largest integrated LNG projects in the world. Add Energy has partnered with Transborders Energy and will work with TechnipFMC and MODEC to develop a 1.0-MTPA FLNG vessel for small-scale stranded fields. Husky Energy awarded the EPCI contract for its $1.6-billion expansion project, West White Rose, to TechnipFMC. It includes the supply and installation of subsea equipment.
The SPAs signed with Shell and Tokyo Gas take Anadarko’s long-term sales from the project to more than 7.5 mtpa, with additional deals expected in the near future. The deal calls for CNOOC to get 1.5 mtpa of gas from the Anadarko-operated Mozambique LNG project over the next 13 years. The project is the first onshore LNG development for the coastal East African nation. The construction of an LNG regasification terminal in Tema, Ghana, in addition to the first delivery of gas from the offshore Sankofa field in August, is decreasing the country’s reliance on liquid fuels and imports. About 80% of its power generation requirements will be met with gas.