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The Empire Abo field, located in New Mexico, US, covers 11,000 acres (12.5 miles long by 1.5 miles wide) and contains approximately 380 million stock tank barrels (STB) of original oil in place (OOIP). This reservoir is a dolomitized reef structure (Figure 1) with a dip angle of 10 to 20 from the crest toward the fore reef. The oil column is approximately 900 ft thick, but the average net pay is only 151 ft thick. The pore system of this reservoir is a network of vugs, fractures, and fissures because the primary pore system has been so altered by dolomitization; the average log-calculated porosity was 6.4% BV. Numerical simulations of field performance and routine core analysis data have indicated that the horizontal and vertical permeabilities are about equal.
Elevated-temperature applications can be divided into medium- and high-temperature categories. The medium-temperature category covers deeper-well applications with natural, higher-temperature reservoir conditions ranging from 40 C [104 F] to 100 C [212 F]. Field experience has proved that progressive cavity (PC) pumps can be used successfully in wells producing fluids within this temperature range if the fluid temperatures remain relatively constant. However, to achieve reasonable run lives in such wells, additional attention must be given to elastomer and pump model selection, pump sizing practices, and system operation. The importance of these considerations rises substantially as temperatures increase toward the higher end of this range.
The study outlined in the complete paper focuses on developing models of the Upper Cretaceous Waha carbonate and Bahi sandstone reservoirs and the Cambrian-Ordovician Gargaf sandstone reservoir in the Meghil field, Sirte Basin, Libya. The objective of this study is to develop a representative geostatistically based 3D model that preserves geological elements and eliminates uncertainty of reservoir properties and volumetric estimates. This study demonstrates the potential for significant additional hydrocarbon production from the Meghil field and the effect of heterogeneity on well placement and spacing. The reservoir of interest consists of three stratigraphic layers of different ages: the Waha and Bahi Formations and the Gargaf Group intersecting the Meghil field. The Waha reservoir is a porous limestone that forms a single reservoir with underlying Upper Cretaceous Bahi sandstone and Cambro-Ordovician Gargaf Group quartzitic sandstone.
This paper compares economics of a floating liquefied natural gas (FLNG) project with those of an onshore LNG plant and gas-to-wire (GTW) processes. Sensitivity analyses and tornado charts are used to evaluate the importance of various uncertain parameters associated with FLNG construction and operation. This study will be helpful for future considerations in using FLNG to convert offshore gas reservoirs previously considered stranded into economically viable resources. The results from this economic model can play a key role in the future of the natural gas industry and energy market in West Africa.
Petroleum Development Oman operates in harsh environments over which their drivers cover more than 320 million km annually. Driver fatigue is one of the leading causes of motor vehicle incidents (MVIs) associated with operations. The objective of the complete paper is to understand further how technology can support the prevention of driver fatigue and to explore driver beliefs related to fatigue and the technology designed to assist in fatigue avoidance. This study helped the operator's safety specialists understand driver fatigue and develop mechanisms to prevent it. Previous research has found that motor vehicle crash fatalities in the oil and gas industry are up to 8.5 times more common than in other occupations.
Documentaries are used both to educate and tell stories that their makers believe should be heard. That applies to documentaries about the inner workings of various industries such as oil and gas. To many outside the petroleum industry, those inner workings are a black box: Money and engineering goes in, gasoline and petrochemical products come out. It is also full of stories, making it an industry ripe for documentarians. The following reviews consider a small handful of the documentaries covering the petroleum industry and what might be learned from them beyond their immediate message.
Medhat (Med) Kamal, who will be the 2023 SPE President, is a Chevron Fellow Emeritus with primary responsibilities including competency development within the company, identification and development of emerging and white-space technology opportunities, and provision of technological advice and counsel to senior management. He formerly was a fellow and leader at the dynamic reservoir characterization group for Chevron Energy Technology Company. Before Chevron he worked for ARCO, Flopetrol Schlumberger, and Amoco. He holds master's and doctorate degrees in petroleum engineering from Stanford University, and a bachelor's degree in petroleum engineering and a master's in engineering from Cairo University.
Philip Kwasi Banini is a co-founder of iWatch Africa, a non-governmental organization and a policy think-tank aimed at shaping the national and regional discourse, deepening transparency, accountability, and citizen participation in the governance process in Africa. He previously worked with a number of public and private organizations, including as contract manager at Moville Realities and Logistics, the project administrator of the Strategic Partnership for Higher Education Innovation and Reform Project, and business development manager at Potters Hollow Company. Banini is a fellow of the Young African Leaders Initiative, African Change-makers Fellowship, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology Global Startup Lab. He was the University of Ghana SPE student chapter president in 2015 and currently the secretary of the technical and Distinguished Lecture committee of the SPE Ghana Section. Banini holds a MS in petroleum geoscience and BS in earth sciences from the University of Ghana, Legon.
Andrew L. Smith, SPE, is a risk consultant in Aberdeen. He holds a BS degree in applied chemistry from De Montfort University and a PhD degree in organic chemistry from the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology. Smith's career spans 50 years of international executive leadership in health, safety, security, environment, and social responsibility; integrated risk; and life-cycle management gained in engineering, fabrication, construction, commissioning, operation, maintenance, and decommissioning projects associated with the global chemical, petrochemical, and oil and gas industry in South America, Europe, South Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia. He is a member of SPE's Health, Safety, and Environment Technical Director's Advisory Committee and a standing member of SPE's Distinguished Lecturer Committee. Smith was an SPE Distinguished Lecturer in 2010–2011.