Reservoir characterisation for modelling and flow simulation is done assuming the homogenous nature of the rock. Heterogeneity is overlooked to prevent occurrences of reserve management complexities. Bioturbated sandstone reservoirs are heterogeneous and prominently found in many petroleum producing basins. Studying the fluid characteristics of these heterogeneous systems is essential, as with changing characters will affect the resulting wettability behaviour. Thus, in a bioturbated heterogeneous reservoir, estimation of the wettability will help in estimating the flow behaviour and possible outcomes of hydrocarbon oil and gas recovery from such formations. With this background, a collective approach has been designed to understand the reservoir behaviour of bioturbated sandstones from Kachchh Basin. The samples are from outcrop, and the analysis includes established standard experimental procedures of core/rock analysis for estimating wettability. The paper explores the experimental analysis of the measuring contract angle in various bioturbated samples. Contact angles of both oil-wet and water-wet cores were measured considering time and gradient factors. Capillary pressure of the various grades of bioturbated sandstones was calculated combining obtained data on contact angle values along with the pore size (radius) and interfacial tension data. The results suggest that the final model can be designed and proposed for the characterisation of bioturbated heterogeneous sandstones using the Capillary pressure behaviour of rocks along with hysteresis trend of imbibition and drainage flows.
SPE members from the SPE student chapter at Maharashtra Institute of Technology in Pune, India, recently hosted three Energy4me workshops in local schools. Their presentations benefitted 450 high school students from the region, and helped them learn more about the career options available in the oil and gas industry. Each of the sessions began with an introduction about the importance of energy--oil and gas in particular--and presented the benefits of being a petroleum engineer. Following the speaker sessions, the Energy4me volunteers helped the students conduct hands-on experiments illustrating some of the concepts the students had just learned: porosity, permeability, density, viscosity, and perforated casings. Attending teachers also found the experiments interesting and participated alongside the students.
"Arise, awake, and keep moving on your way till you achieve your goal." With a 126-member-strong fleet of student members, the SPE Student Chapter at Indian School of Mines (ISM) Dhanbad, India, enjoys the credit of being the oldest student chapter in India. The chapter was established in 1988, but it was only a few years ago that all the students could join SPE, thanks to the Halliburton and Schlumberger student-sponsorship programs. Since its inception, the chapter has been quite active with programs offering student interaction with the industry. It regularly organizes guest lectures by eminent people from the industry.
After much dedicated effort, a Young Professionals Committee has been formally established, with chairperson and officers announced on 24 May. This milestone was the culmination of months of work, starting with meetings that began in September 2006 involving a few young members from Cairn, Geopetro, and other companies. Busy schedules created a challenge. Regular emails facilitated planning and the exchange of ideas, as well as helping to build enthusiasm and momentum. A further major motivating factor was the participation of a number of older oil-industry professionals in these meetings.
The young professional (YP) group of the SPE Bangalore Section held a student education day in conjunction with the Oil & Gas India Conference (OGIC) in Mumbai in January. More than 200 students from 12 area schools took part in the event, which was sponsored by Shell and ONGC. It was the second time the educational event has been held. The students received a welcome kit, participated in technical sessions, and were given a tour of the OGIC exhibit area. Santanu Hati and Sudipto Sarkar, event chairperson and cochairperson, respectively, gave introductory remarks at the technical sessions.
The India Section YP Committee acts as a forum for oil and gas YPs to present and disseminate information amongst themselves in order to prepare and equip the new generation of oil and gas leaders to confidently face future global challenges. SPE has a vision for "youth engaged in the petroleum industry to design a sustainable future," which can be achieved through creating collaborative, global forums where YPs can be heard, promote a realistic image of the petroleum industry--its challenges and opportunities--and bridge the generation gap through mentorship networks. The first YP meet was greeted by the India Section YP liaison, Madhavi Jadhav, followed by an inaugural speech by the Section secretary Sanjay Parulkar. The section was thrilled to see a large turnout and also happy to conduct the inaugural YP meet. YPs were also briefed about SPE's e-mentorship program which gives them a chance to be mentored or serve as mentors to students from around the world.
SPE is educating the next generation of aspiring engineers, scientists and managers about the oil and gas industry. This is an opportunity for school students in grades 9–12, studying Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geography or interested in Petroleum Engineering are invited to join SPE members from all over the globe to discover the world of Petroleum Engineering. School teachers are invited to bring a group of 10–15 students. Students will be treated to a range of hands-on activities and presentations from renowned engineers. The oil price outlook coupled with the response of each oil and gas company to make ends meet has led to severe exploration budget cuts.
Completion comes despite two cyclones disrupting the project area during installation, McDermott said. As part of a 2-year deal, the Kreuz Glorious will help with the inspection of offshore jackets in the Arabian Sea. Kreuz will also provide personnel for project management and offshore construction. McDermott announced a letter of award for a contract from Reliance Industries for the deepwater KG-D6 subsea field development in the Krishna Godavari Basin.
The move comes weeks after Gazprom announced a final development concept for the project. Other projects Shell is developing with Gazprom, including the Sakhalin 2 export facility, will not be impacted by the decision. Japan’s SODECO and India’s ONGC Videsh are joining the consortium on the LNG plant, which will be carried out within the framework of the Sakhalin-1 hydrocarbon project in the Okhotsk Sea. During the design of two parallel gas pipelines from Russia to Germany through the Baltic Sea, major design changes were made to minimize project impacts, resulting in rapid approval by all five affected countries.
A hydrocarbon find has always been an exploration geologist’s adventure and has remained at the forefront of the E&P cycle for the survival of the oil and gas industry. Big and easy finds are a distant past; therefore, the quest has shifted to go beyond conventional sandstones and carbonates to more complex areas of unconventionals: low porosity, low permeability, low resistivity, tight and ultra-tight, HPHT, shale, CBM, gas hydrates, and any other possible regime including deeper, geologically complex, and seismically opaque features such as salt, basalt, sub-basalt, even basement.