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Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission is a worldwide concern and emissions with fossil fuel are increasingly questioned. As Schlumberger, we have committed ourselves in Paris agreement for setting science-based targets to reduce our greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on all the 3 scopes of carbon emissions. This is also a part of Schlumberger's vision towards Net Zero emissions which will help in the transition to a sustainable future. Our CEO Olivier Le Peuch said, "Schlumberger seeks to lead positive, measurable changes in GHG emissions within the industry to help reduce climate change". Energy industry has a key role to play in reducing the effects of climate change. Schlumberger takes pride in technology leadership paired with social and environmental responsibility. Today along with Schlumberger, world's iconic companies like Microsoft, Shell and BP have also committed for Carbon reduction, Carbon negative and Net Zero. Schlumberger is proud to say that it is the first Company in Upstream Exploration & Production Services to set an Ambition to achieve Net zero by the year 2050. In June 2021, we announced that this reduction will be achieved by reducing 30% on Scope 1 and 2 by 2025, 50% on Scope 1 and 2; 30% in Scope 3 by 2030 and Net Zero by 2050. The reduction of carbon emissions starts with the quantification of carbon emissions and this project is in line with the company's commitment to Net Zero. The project focuses on Scope 3 Emissions which has never been done in a systematic way in the past. Middle East Center of Reliability and Efficiency (MCRE) in Dammam is one of the pioneers to kick start this quantification of GHG emissions to show that we can make a significant impact towards setting this target. For this to happen, we quantified emissions for specific Technologies related to Scope 3 to benchmark our baselines so that we can put a plan to reduce them. This project established Carbon footprint as an Assessment tool to Simulate Emissions. The tool will provide a competitive advantage in terms of Sustainable Development for Schlumberger and other Oil & Gas industries worldwide.
Soupios, Pantelis (King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, KSA) | Stampolidis, Alexandros (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece) | Fedi, Maurizio (University of Naples, Italy) | Kaka, SanLinn (King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, KSA) | Al-Ramadan, Khalid (King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, KSA) | Tsokas, Gregory (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece) | Pasteka, Roman (Comenius University, Slovakia)
Abstract The study area is a part of Dammam Dome that is situated at King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM) campus, Dhahran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The gravity survey was conducted as a pilot case study to explore part of Dammam Dome in greater detail. Gravity data were collected solely during night hours due to low noise levels. A significant part of the survey was conducted during the summer holiday period, , when there was no student are on campus. A total of 235 gravity measurements were made using a Scintrex CG5 gravitometer, while a Trimble R10+ differential GPS (DGPS) was used to measure the stations’ location and elevation with the highest accuracy. All gravity data were reduced using several algorithms, and their outcomes were cross-compared. The Complete Bouguer anomaly map for the campus was then generated. Several enhancement filters including edged detection and shallow to deeper source separation were applied. Data were inverted, and 2.5D and 3D models were created to image the subsurface conditions. The main purpose of this study is to better understand the subsurface geology, tectonic settings of the Dammam Dome by applying the high-resolution gravity method before carrying out any comprehensive geophysical (seismic) 3D survey.
Saragi, Raymond (ADNOC Onshore) | Husien, Mohammad (ADNOC Onshore) | Sinaga, Agus Liber Maradat (ADNOC Onshore) | Mwansa, Peter Levison (ADNOC Onshore) | Varma, Esha Narendra (ADNOC Onshore) | Hussain, Mohamed Qassem (ADNOC Onshore) | Rocha, Michelle C. Santos (Halliburton) | Nasrallah, Mena (Halliburton) | Mohamed, Sherif (Halliburton) | El Saad, Rashad Abo (Halliburton)
Abstract One of the greatest historically unsolved challenges to date in the United Arab Emirates is the failure to effectively cure the severe losses due to poor zonal isolation during drilling and cementing aquifer formations in particular the Dammam, UER & Simsima formations in the BAB field. Continuous efforts have been made to seek and pilot new technologies in UAE land operations to overcome drilling operation challenges, specifically chronic lost circulation in aquifer formations with the commitment to drive a more cost-effective operation and reduce the risk of Non-Productive Time (NPT). The current practice was not providing proper zonal isolation in the surface and intermediate sections. Most of the time aerated drilling was utilized while drilling the lost zones and conduct a top-up cement job to improve zonal isolation, but this results in limited reliability. It was necessary to identify a different approach to cure or significantly reduce the losses which would enable the hole section to be drilled successfully while minimizing operational risks, in a cost-effective manner. A technique combining two different technologies was selected: a swelling polymer lost-circulation material (LCM) that hydrates and helps reduce flow velocity into the formation, followed by a shear-rate rheology-dependent cement system. This cement system is a tunable and tailored slurry with thixotropic properties and has shown very cost-effective results with high success rates. It was then decided to tailor this approach to Abu Dhabi land operations to maximize wellbore asset value. After four subsequent trials targeting two different aquifer formations, the technique has shown tremendously promising results by successfully curing the losses providing above 80% returns. These combined technologies aim to eliminate or reduce effect of losses during cementing by performing the primary cementing job with complete returns or minor losses across aquifers thus enhancing wellbore integrity during the lifecycle of the well. It is hoped that this will eliminate, or at a minimum reduce production deferrals and subsequently improve plug and abandon (P&A) operations at end of field life. This paper aims to describe the challenges faced on the first three trials utilizing this technique and the solutions assigned for each trial based on the inputs, such as loss rate, formations interval exposed, design and lab testing for the pumped treatments as well as job execution details along with lesson learned for future jobs.
Abstract As many large oilfields in southeast Iraq entered the final stage of depletion development, water injection appears to be the most economical and technically feasible method to enhance oil recovery. Considering the shortage of freshwater and huge investment in seawater supply project, it is very important to appraise and optimize the favorable shallow water source formation to ensure sufficient water injection supply. Based on regional seismic, well data, core analysis and production test data, Paleogene sequence stratigraphy was determined by integrating well and seismic interpretation. Under framework of sequence stratigraphy, the sedimentary evolution of main water source formations was characterized. Subsequently, combined with core analysis and special logging data, the petrophysical characteristics of the formations were evaluated, and the volume of the regional water source was estimated. The research shows that: 1) Dammam limestone and Ghar sandstone are the two main Paleogene shallow water source formations; 2) Dammama developed carbonate shelf, from southwest to northeast, the formation thickness decrease with the sedimentary evolved from inner slope to out slope. Expose and dissolution increased the porosity which is favorable for water storage; 3) Ghar developed alluvial and delta, from southwest to northeast, the formation thickness increase with the sedimentary evolved from alluvial fan, alluvial river to delta. Delta developed abundant and unconsolidated sandstone with high porosity and permeability; 4) The water sample analysis showed the water belong to Cacl2 type with total dissolved solids greater than 250,000 ppm which indicated well sealing condition. Production tests have shown that both Dammam and Ghar have a water supply capacity of 8,000-10,000 barrels per day. The preliminary evaluation of the water volume in the Ghar area can up to 1 trillion barrels. Paleogene shallow water formation is currently the most realistic and economic water source choice for water injection to enhance oil recovery in large oil fields in southeastern Iraq. Dammam formation and Ghar formation of Paleogene had the characteristics of shallow buried, good water quality and sufficient reserves. Thus, they are the preferred target water source formations for injection development of large oilfields in southeastern Iraq.
I vividly recall a trip with my family when I was 10 years old from my hometown Hofuf to Dammam city on the east coast of Saudi Arabia. This was the early 1970s, and we passed through the northern part of Ghawar, the largest oil field in the world. We also drove through Abqaiq city, which was established by Aramco as a crude-handling facility. During that trip I was wondering what oil and gas would bring to me and to my country, Saudi Arabia. During that time, Saudi Arabia was at the initial stage of educational, industrial, and scientific evolution, trying to catch up with the more advanced West.
The fourth industrial revolution, or Industry 4.0, has the potential to disrupt every industry, including the oil and gas industry through large-scale automation, robotics, artificial intelligence, and big data analytics. Young professionals (YPs) will be the main engine responsible for the development of many Industry 4.0 technologies in the oil and gas industry. This survey by the SPE Saudi Arabia section intends to gauge the pulse of YPs and their readiness to engage in it. The results of the survey will be discussed with executives from major companies during the executive panel titled "Energy Meets Intelligence" at the SPE-KSA Annual Technical Symposium and Exhibition to be held in April in Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
In March of 1938, on the heels of six commercial failures, wildcatters drilled a new well that heralded the arrival of the most prolific oil field yet discovered. The fabled Dammam No.7 well established the existence of the supergiant Ghawar field in the desert kingdom of Saudi Arabia and ushered in a new age of petroleum wealth and power for a land that had comprised mostly nomadic tribes. With 71 billion barrels of estimated oil in place, Ghawar takes the prize as the largest conventional oil field ever discovered. The American Association of Petroleum Geologists has identified more than 500 oil fields as world-class "giants"--those with proven oil reserves of 500 million barrels of oil or natural gas reserves exceeding 3 Tcf. A supergiant field is one containing more than 5 billion BOE in reserves.
JPT interviewed Saudi Aramco President and Chief Executive Officer Amin Nasser during the International Petroleum Technology Conference (IPTC) held 12-15 January in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. He discussed the company's outlook for the new year and the current state of the oil and gas industry. Saudi Aramco has recently faced a very low price oil environment, competition from US shale, and a drone and missile attack yet has continued to move forward in spite of this. How has Saudi Aramco remained so resilient? Saudi Aramco is used to dealing with oil market volatility and effectively responding to unforeseen events.
Energy ministers and chief executives weighed in on current US/Iran tensions on Monday on the first day of the 12th International Petroleum Technology Conference (IPTC) in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. This is the first time the multidisciplinary oil and gas conference is taking place in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabian Minister of Energy Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman Al-Saud, speaking at the conference's opening panel session, said his country and OPEC would work to ensure the stability of the oil market after the US drone strike killed a top Iranian general and Iran responded with an attack on US installations in Iraq. The panel also included the oil minister of Bahrain and the CEOs of ExxonMobil and Total. Asked by the panel moderator what he thought of US President Donald Trump's decision to launch a drone strike against Iran's military leader and the effect it could have on markets, Al-Saud said, "The president can do whatever he wishes. The US is a strategic partner and has a big role to play in security."
Saudi Aramco awarded a contract* to McDermott International for engineering, procurement, construction, and installation (EPCI) services in the Marjan and Zuluf fields, offshore Saudi Arabia. The contract services for the relocation of control rooms in Zuluf GOSP-4, Marjan GOSP 2 and 3 including the fabrication of new control rooms, boat landings, and new jacket members, as well as the upgrade of all control systems as required. The project is scheduled to be fully executed from McDermott's Al Khobar office and Dammam fabrication facility, in line with its strategic focus to strengthen In-Kingdom content. Work on the project will begin immediately, according to McDermott.