Milton Roy announced enhancements to its Solaroy series of solar-powered metering pumps. Run on a 12-V battery charged by a solar panel, the pumps feature an enhanced drive specifically engineered to accommodate target-end load force. New radial bearings reduce frictional losses and increase the performance balance between torque and motor efficiency. The operational run time in batch mode has been increased from 24 hours to 99 hours.
If proven economic, solar EOR technology could represent an environmentally and energy friendly solution for California’s heavy oil producers. Oil and gas professionals may not consider solar power to be a serious threat, but it is poised to make serious inroads into the heating and cooling market. Shell invested in a Singapore solar company and signed an agreement to purchase a Texas company with solar and other renewable assets. Along with its minority stake in a company that uses solar to generate steam for EOR in the Middle East, Shell catches some rays in the Asia Pacific, US, and Oman. In thermal enhanced oil recovery there is one big ingredient: steam.
Emerging technologies from medical science and the aerospace industry could have a disruptive impact on oil and gas operations. A panel of scientists looked into these technologies and discussed their potential role in the industry. Shell invested in a Singapore solar company and signed an agreement to purchase a Texas company with solar and other renewable assets. Along with its minority stake in a company that uses solar to generate steam for EOR in the Middle East, Shell catches some rays in the Asia Pacific, US, and Oman. In thermal enhanced oil recovery there is one big ingredient: steam.
E&B Natural Resources Management, an independent oil and gas company based in California, is investing in solar electricity to help run its oil-production activities in Santa Barbara and Kern counties. E&B’s solar initiative will reduce its greenhouse gas emissions from the two projects. In total, this will result in a combined carbon dioxide emissions reduction of more than 700,000 metric tons over the 20-year life of the projects. An integrated solar oilfield operation consisting of a 23 MW direct-current (DC) photovoltaic facility generating electricity will be constructed at the Poso Creek oil field in Kern County, which is co-owned by E&B and Grade 6 Oil. This solar energy will displace traditional utility-supplied electricity, therefore reducing greenhouse gas and other emissions.
The increasing interest in environmental protection and low emission transportation has recently started to influence the pleasure yacht market. In the specific case of a pleasure sailing yacht, ‘green’ options have considerable impact on the craft design. This is particularly true for the propulsion system and the power generation on board. These two aspects significantly affect the internal layout of the pleasure craft, which needs to ensure high comfort levels, hence appropriate internal habitability. With this in mind, internal spaces have been selected as constraints for the hull form design, while targeting fuel oil consumptions reduction during motor transfer without compromising internal spaces. A hybrid propulsion system has been selected for the power generation on board and the most recent green technologies for electric power generation have been installed on board of the pleasure yacht presented in this study.
The paper considers the technologies of the perspective marine industrial complex of aquaculture with energy supply from renewable sources. Technological schemes of structures and devices of the onshore plant for the cultivation of hydrobionts, a marine underwater farm and a supply vessel for working with marine plantations are presented. A universal autonomous mobile wave device is presented as a variant of using the energy of waves of the open ocean.
Currently, self-contained, civilian, volatile devices for navigational equipment of the seas, research submarine and surface autonomous devices, mainly receive power from batteries. The number of these facilities is more than one million and the priority task is to prevent adverse ecological consequences of energy supply for the world ocean, regardless of costs. For these purposes, separate developments are used for solar energy, wind energy, waves, currents, temperature differences and salinity of sea water. The optimal result will be the transfer of production and processing ships to hydrogen technologies. A more complex factor threatening the Earth's ecology is due to the rapid growth of industrial coastal marine aquaculture enterprises.
PERSPECTIVE COMPLEX OF MARICULTURE
A comprehensive program for the development of marine aquaculture technologies is required, taking into account the need for clean energy and the future creation of marine underwater plantations, while preserving the coastal environment and local aquatic organisms.Modular plant for breeding hydrobionts
The future network complex developed by Loshchenkov, Knyazhev (2014) for the coasts of the Far East of Russia can serve as a contribution to the development of the Program. The complex contains a coastal enterprise for the cultivation of hydrobionts, bottom plantations in the natural environment and underwater plantations in the water column in the shelf zone.
Coastal breeding plant, due to placement in remote, inaccessible ecologically clean areas of the coast, with valuable local species, is semi-automatic, in a modular design. The plant is located, after studying local geological, meteorological, hydrological and hydrobiological parameters in the places of maximum energy flows, Pool modules and energy modules are manufactured depending on the type of hydrobiont and local natural renewable energy sources. The scheme of the plant for the cultivation of hydrobionts on island of Popov of the Peter the Great Gulf developed for the mariculture enterprise is shown in Fig. 1.
The renewable energy sector is showing strong global growth, especially wind and solar power, but oil shows no sign of losing market share in the global energy mix, particularly after the steep drop in oil prices over the past 2 years. Investment in renewable energy reached an all-time high in 2015, with developing countries spending more than developed countries for the first time. Spending on renewable energy hit USD 286 billion last year, 3% higher than its previous record spend in 2011, according to data from the United Nations Environment Program and the Frankfurt School of Finance & Management. That is in sharp contrast with the steep cuts in capital spending in oil and gas projects since the drop in hydrocarbon prices began, although spending in renewables overall pales in comparison with oil and gas capital expenditure (capex). More than USD 150 billion was cut from oil and gas capex in 2015, with additional cuts evident this year.