This study aimed to investigate the pulmonary functions of silica-exposed workers and their health-related quality of life in an insulator manufacturing industry. Exposure to welding fumes may result in disorders of the pulmonary, cardiovascular, and reproductive systems. Welders are also at a greater risk of developing symptoms similar to those seen in individuals with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease.
While drug use is a problem among industrial workers nationwide, it raises particular concern in the oil patch as US production surges to record levels in what is already one of the nation’s most dangerous sectors. Inhalation of crystalline silica dust is second only to asbestos as a hazard to construction workers. This video discusses important things to know. Evaluation of Occupational Ocular Trauma: Are We Doing Enough To Promote Eye Safety in the Workplace? The use of eye PPE among workers who sustain an eye injury in the workplace remains low.
This systematic review aimed to evaluate the association between shift work and eating habits and suggests that shift work can affect the quality of workers’ diets. Shift workers show changes in meal patterns, skipping more meals and consuming more food at unconventional times. The aim of this review was to assess the risk of cardiovascular disease events associated with shift work and determine if there is a dose/response relationship in this association. Shift work can interrupt circadian rhythms. A new study shows that exposure to certain types of light can improve alertness in shift workers.
Investigating the causal factors of electric line worker incidents is of high priority due to the decades-long record of incidents in the electric power industry. According to Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS, 2018), 152 electrical line installer fatalities occurred in the U.S. in 2011 through 2016. For the individual years, the fatality numbers were 26, 27, 27, 25, 26 and 21, respectively. These rates often account for the ranking of electric line installers among the most dangerous professions in the U.S. Major contributors to electric line work incidents include electrocutions, machines, tools and vehicles (BLS, 2018). Closer inspection of these contributors reveals that their antecedents consist of attentional, strategic or knowledge factors (Reason, 1997). The study presented in this article investigates the role of sustained attention as a primary contributor to electric line worker incidents.
Little research exists concerning the safety of electric power line installers and, to the authors’ knowledge, no research is available regarding attentiveness as a causal factor of installer incidents. Specifically, the effect of sustained attention and vigilance (cognitive skills of immediate relevance to incident prevention for these workers) has not been examined. Past studies of cognitive-training regimens have evaluated both the effect on the trained task and transfer of training benefit to related but untrained cognitive tasks.
Some businesses in the U.S. may have a health hazard lurking in their water system and be unaware of it. This health hazard is known as Legionella, which is a significant health concern that can lead to substantial, yet avoidable, cost. Legionella is a bacteria that lives in water and includes more than 50 bacterial species. The main species connected to Legionella is L. pneumophila, which was the cause of a 1976 Legionnaires’ disease outbreak among members of the American Legion and is still responsible for most cases of Legionnaires’ disease in the U.S. and Europe. Legionnaires’ disease is a form of pneumonia whose symptoms include fever, chills, cough, muscle aches, headaches, diarrhea and shortness of breath. The disease has not been proven to be transmitted from person to person (CDC, 2016).
While it was not discovered until 1976, Legionella has existed since about 1968 when the first cases of Pontiac fever were identified in Pontiac, MI. In 1976, public health officials demonstrated that both the Pontiac fever and newly discovered Legionella had the same bacterium (Montopoli, 1993).
Legionnaires’ disease is on the rise, and CDC (2018a) says that the rate of reported cases of the disease has increased 5.5 times since 2000. In the U.S., waterborne disease outbreaks associated with Legionella have been tracked through the Waterborne Disease and Outbreak Surveillance System since 2001. According to CDC (2018c), Legionnaires’ disease outbreaks occur when two or more people are exposed to Legionella in the same place and get sick at about the same time. The disease may be underdiagnosed due to the symptoms it mimics; the number of cases could be higher.
Toxic leadership is a fairly new subject stemming from studies in the U.S. military. Army researchers investigating the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicide have taken a new approach by looking at leadership (externally) and not just mental illness or problems with subordinate individuals (internally). In this early research, certain leaders were found to be acting subversively in their own best interests and not those of their workers. For the first time, the study of leadership lost some of its patina and halo effect. Even with the difficulties of a soldier being separated from loved ones or the stress of being in a war environment, commanders noticed something else causing stress. The Army hired sociologists and anthropologists to find out what was causing the high suicide rates; the top brass thought the scientists should ask a different kind of question. When conditions were already stressful, "suicidal behavior can be triggered by . . .
Companies waste countless resources measuring the wrong things, not measuring at all, or failing to keep "the most important thing, the most important thing." So often safety strategy falls short of defining what a healthy safety process looks like in precise, measurable terms that lead to action and enable a prescriptive approach to safety efforts in the workplace. Further, companies that set and reach a target of zero injuries can't claim success unless they know precisely what they did to achieve it and how to measure the performance it takes to sustain. Excellence is achieved when successful performance is continually repeated, unprompted, producing predictable results. Check Your Prescription Earlier this year, I made an appointment to visit my personal physician for the most benign of reasons: the annual check-up.
Workers in a number of different occupational sectors are exposed to workplace vibration on a daily basis. This exposure may arise through the use of powered hand tools or hand-transmitted vibration (HTV). Workers also might be exposed to whole-body vibration (WBV) by driving delivery vehicles; using Earth-moving equipment; or using tools that generate vibration at low dominant frequencies and high amplitudes, such as jackhammers. Occupational exposure to vibration has been associated with an increased risk of musculoskeletal pain in the back, neck, hands, shoulders, and hips. Occupational exposure also may contribute to the development of peripheral and cardiovascular disorders and gastrointestinal problems.