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The goal of this paper was to examine refinery workers’ personal exposure to benzene and 1,3-butadiene and increase awareness of exposure conditions by collaboration with involved refineries. Exposure to airborne agents needs to be assessed in the personal breathing zone by the use of personal measurement equipment. Specific measurement devices for assessing personal exposure to airborne nanomaterials have only become available in the recent years.
What will 2020 look like for the oil and gas, energy, and petrochemical markets? Here are 10 observations from ADI Analytics that demonstrate just how global and complex the energy mix has become. ADNOC and CNOOC will explore multiple new opportunities for collaboration across the upstream and downstream sectors in the UAE and China.
The hunt for global alternatives to store crude oil includes offshore, global strategic reserves, pipelines, rail cars, and trucks. The US crude inventory grew by 74 million bbl since 13 March when the US declared a national emergency in response to COVID-19. Phillips 66 Partners Takes 50% Interest in $1.6-Billion Liberty Pipeline Project The transaction is expected to close in March. The Liberty Pipeline runs 700 miles between Cushing, Oklahoma and Guernsey, Wyoming. What will 2020 look like for the oil and gas, energy, and petrochemical markets?
What will 2020 look like for the oil and gas, energy, and petrochemical markets? Here are 10 observations from ADI Analytics that demonstrate just how global and complex the energy mix has become. After a planned acquisition of Goodnight fell through, private equity firm Tailwater Capital is boosting its total investment in the water midstream company to more than $500 million. Goodnight recently signed five long-term contracts with producers in the Delaware Basin and the Bakken. Calgary-based Pembina Pipeline Corp. has entered into agreements to acquire Kinder Morgan Canada Ltd. and the US portion of the Cochin Pipeline system from Kinder Morgan for a total purchase price of approximately $4.35 billion.
Middle East could lose 15% of ethane-based ethylene supply in 2020 because of oil supply dynamics. The purpose of this paper is to examine coiled-tubing (CT) -stimulation and -logging technologies used in the timely project execution of one of Saudi Arabia’s largest field developments to enhance matrix-stimulation success in a cost-effective manner.
To help achieve its energy transition goals, BP has agreed to sell its global petrochemicals business to INEOS for $5 billion. The sale comes less than a month after BP said it would cut 10,000 jobs—or approximately 14% of its workforce—in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and as part of the company’s plan to shift to renewable energy, which includes its commitment to reducing its carbon footprint to net zero by 2050 or sooner. Under the terms of the agreement, INEOS will pay BP a deposit of $400 million and will pay a further $3.6 billion on completion. An additional $1 billion will be deferred and paid in three separate instalments of $100 million in March, April, and May 2021, with the remaining $700 million payable by the end of June 2021. BP said the sale also helps it meet its $15 billion target for agreed divestments a year ahead of schedule.
This 1-day course is an introduction to thermodynamics and pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) and tuning parameters to fit laboratory data. Different analytical models for oil rate predictions such as Butler-Mokrys (1989) and Dunn-Nenniger-Rajan (1989) models will be discussed. Introduction to thermodynamics and pressure-volume-temperature (PVT): basic law such as: Clausius-Clapeyron Equation, Dalton's law, Henry's Law and Raoult’s law are explained and practical examples such as temperature reduction in chamber due to NCG injection, and temperature reduction at Azeotropic point in ES-SAGD process will be solved numerically. Pure Solvent Modelling: processes such as VAPEX and Nsolv will be explained, and different theories explaining the pure solvent oil rates such as Butler-Mokrys (1989) and Dunn-Nenniger-Rajan (1989) models will be explained and compared to physical models. Concepts such as onset of asphaltene precipitation will be discussed.
Engineers are responsible for enhancing their professional competence throughout their careers. Licensed, chartered, and / or certified engineers are sometimes required by government entities to provide proof of continued professional development and training. Training credits are defined as Continuing Education Units (CEUs) or Professional Development Hours (PDH). Attendees of SPE training courses earn 0.8 CEUs for each day of training. We provide each attendee a certificate upon completion of the training course.
A subsea gas field uses MEG with pH stabiliser and film forming corrosion inhibitor for hydrate and corrosion control. Formation water production from some of the wells is expected and when mixed with partly pH stabilised MEG, there is an increased risk for carbonate scaling in the mixing point at the wellhead and in the production pipeline. Scale calculations gives calcium carbonate saturation ratios at a level where scale formation is expected in produced water systems which indicate a need for scale inhibitor. It is assumed that precipitation of salts in MEG systems is slower than in water-based systems and a work was started to investigate if higher saturation ratios could be tolerated in a system containing MEG than in a water system without MEG. Scale testing were performed with and without MEG at relevant field conditions to evaluate if formation water can be produced without use of scale inhibitor at a low risk for scaling. Glass equipment with a mixing cell connected to short steel pipes mounted upstream and downstream of a glass coil were used in the scale testing. Calcium carbonate scale was identified by SEM/EDS on the steel pipes and the amounts of deposited calcium carbonate were found by weighing. Amounts of deposition in the tests were compared with the theoretically amounts that could precipitate. These results were further combined with deposition considerations in the piping in the field as a function of time to evaluate the risk for blocking the piping downstream the MEG injection point with calcium carbonate scale. Based on the scale testing and deposition evaluations it was concluded that use of scale inhibitor was not necessary since the risk for build-up of scale in the piping was very low.