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There is currently a groundswell of optimism about the prospects for battery electric vehicles (BEVs) to replace the internal combustion engine (ICE) in passenger transport, with stories about numerous countries proposing a ban on the sale of new oil-fueled cars and manufacturers planning to release multiple models as they transition to a new, all-electric future. Skeptics note that such enthusiasm is not new, and that many past companies and vehicles have excited proponents and the media while ultimately failing. The GM EV1, the Fisker, Solectria, Better Place, and others come to mind. But past failures are no guarantee of future failure, to invert the standard brokers' caveat. Wind and solar were not viable during the 1970s energy crises but are much more attractive now.
The vessels will be constructed at Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co. Ltd. headquartered in South Korea. Slated for delivery in 2024, the 174,000 m3 membrane-type carriers will be equipped with the MAN Energy Solutions engines, which offer improvements in fuel efficiency. It also adopts a new design that generates less boiloff gas from cargo tanks using a reliquefaction unit on board, and a shaft generator system that uses the rotating propeller shaft for power generation. MOL said the vessels are more environmentally friendly than current LNG carriers. A JPT report, "Russian LNG Aims High, Leveraging Big Reserves and Logistical Advantages," provides an overview of the investment Russia is pouring into LNG projects, including the country's largest natural gas producer, Novatek.
The world's largest plant that sucks carbon dioxide directly from the air and deposits it underground is due to start operating on 15 September, the company behind the nascent green technology said. Swiss start-up Climeworks, which specializes in capturing carbon dioxide directly from the air, has partnered with Icelandic carbon storage firm Carbfix to develop a plant that sucks out up to 4,000 tons of CO2 per year. Last year, global CO2-emissions totaled 31.5 billion tonnes, according to the International Energy Agency. Direct air capture is one of the few technologies extracting carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and is viewed by scientists as vital to limit global warming, blamed for causing more heatwaves, wildfires, floods, and rising sea levels. The Orca plant, a reference to the Icelandic word for energy, consists of eight large containers similar in looks to those used in the shipping industry, which use high-tech filters and fans to extract carbon dioxide.
A.P. Moller - Maersk has announced that it is planning a series of container vessels that can run on methanol. In 2024, the company will introduce the first in a series of eight large ocean-going ships that can use the carbon-neutral fuel. The vessels will be built by Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) and will have a nominal capacity of approximately 16,000 containers. The agreement with HHI includes an option for four additional vessels in 2025. The series will replace older vessels, generating annual CO2 emissions savings of around 1 million tonnes.
The US military and the Group of Seven leading industrialized nations accused Iran of being behind a deadly attack on an oil tanker in the Arabian Sea. The US Central Command said it had collected and analyzed substantial evidence that the 29 July attack on the HV Mercer Street in international waters in the Arabian Sea off the coast of Oman that killed two people was carried out by an Iranian drone loaded with a military-grade explosive. "US experts concluded based on the evidence that this UAV was produced in Iran," it said, using the military term for an "unmanned aerial vehicle." Britain's UN Ambassador Barbara Woodward identified the drone as a Shahed-136 UAV, telling reporters after the UN Security Council discussed the tanker attack behind closed doors that "these are manufactured only in Iran." Meanwhile, the foreign ministers of Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United States said the attack was "a clear violation of international law."
The global climate-change discussion continues to search for ways to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases from their three main sources: the thermal generation of electric power, transportation by internal-combustion vehicles, and industries (petrochemical and others) that use coal-fired boilers or hydrocarbons as feedstock. This paper examines potential new options for the petroleum sector to contribute to emission reductions and the climate debate. One area could be the bringing to market of a carbon-free transportation fuel at affordable prices. A second could be the reduction of the carbon footprint of the power sector. As other innovations have led to the use of natural gas instead of coal in power generation, and as consumers may increasingly switch to electrified motor vehicles, climate policy will increasingly require that electricity be decarbonized.
TechnipFMC and Loke Marine Minerals are joining forces to develop a patent-pending, autonomous subsea production system and other enabling technologies allowing for the extraction of seabed minerals used in electric vehicles, clean energy technologies, and consumer electronics. The system itself aims to have minimal impact on the environment and positions the company for potential offshore licensing on the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS) and internationally. The NCS is known to have copper, zinc, cobalt, and other rare earth elements. Norway is one of the only countries to have formalized marine mineral legislation. The Norwegian government is expected to make a final decision on licensing approval for exploration and production in 2023.
Nigeria is said to have the highest rate of RTAs and deaths per 10,000 vehicles. Target 3.6 of Goal 3 of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals aims for the reduction of RTA-related injuries and deaths by half. Few studies have explored the relationship of the driver's health with crashes and severity thereof. As part of its Shared Value and Care agenda in ensuring safety, the operator partnered with the Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC), the National Union of Road Traffic Workers, and the National Union of Petroleum and Natural Gas Workers (NUPENG) to screen drivers in three major motor parks in two major cities in Nigeria, Port Harcourt, and Lagos, to ascertain their health status and the effects of lifestyle risk factors. Health studies were performed in the Ojota (Lagos), Mile 3 (Port Harcourt), and Eleme (Port Harcourt) commercial and tanker driver parks.
Schlumberger and Panasonic have announced that they will collaborate on a new battery-grade-lithium production process that they say will pave the way for improved lithium production to help meet the expected surge in demand from the fast-growing global electric vehicle (EV) market. The announcement came from the Schlumberger New Energy arm of Schlumberger and from Panasonic Energy of North America, a division of Panasonic Corporation of North America. The lithium-extraction and -production process will be used by Schlumberger at the Nevada pilot plant of its Neolith Energy venture. According to Schlumberger, Neolith Energy's approach uses a differentiated direct-lithium-extraction process to produce high-purity, battery-grade lithium material while reducing production time from more than a year to weeks. The company also said the process significantly reduces groundwater use and physical footprint vs. conventional evaporative methods of extracting lithium.
The Biden Administration released a new advisory bulletin on 7 June directing pipeline operators to provide detailed plans for minimizing methane emissions from their systems and operations by the end of the year. The US Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) submitted the advisory to production companies to begin to comply with the PIPES Act, a law signed at the end of 2020, that created dozens of new regulatory mandates for the agency including the oversight of methane leaks by natural gas pipelines and transmission systems. "Minimizing methane emissions from pipelines will help improve safety and combat climate change, while creating jobs for pipeline workers," said Tristan Brown, PHMSA acting administrator. "Pipeline operators have an obligation to protect the public and the environment by identifying and addressing methane leaks." Released methane is the second-greatest source of greenhouse-gas emissions after carbon dioxide but can be more harmful in the short term due to its heat-trapping potential.