Africa (Sub-Sahara) ExxonMobil subsidiary Esso Exploration Angola has started oil production at the Kizomba Satellites Phase 2 project offshore Angola. The project involves the development of subsea infrastructure for the Kakocha, Bavuca, and Mondo South fields. Mondo South is the first field to begin production, and the other two satellite fields will follow later this year. The goal is to increase Block 15's production to 350,000 BOPD. Esso (40%) is the operator with BP Exploration Angola (26.67%), Kosmos Energy discovered gas at the Tortue West prospect in Block C-8 offshore Mauritania.
Africa (Sub-Sahara) Kosmos Energy has made a significant deepwater gas discovery off Senegal. The Guembeul-1 well in the northern part of the St. Louis Offshore Profond license in 8,858 ft of water encountered 331 net ft of gas pay in two excellent-quality reservoirs, the company reported. The results demonstrate reservoir continuity and static pressure communication with the Tortue-1 well, which suggests a single gas accumulation. The mean gross resource estimate for the Greater Tortue complex has risen to 17 Tcf from 14 Tcf as a result of the Guembeul discovery, the company said. Kosmos, the operator, has a 60% interest in the well. Timis (30%) and Petrosen (10%) hold the remaining interest. In Salah Gas has started production from its Southern fields in Algeria.
Among the many buzzy, digitally related words or terms bandied about the industry over the past year or two, “digital twin” serves as something of a confluence of them all. Populating many industry conference agendas are high-level presentations and discussions with descriptors such as digitization, digitalization, digital transformation, and the digital disruption, which involve big data, data analytics, advanced analytics, artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, automation, the Internet of Things (IoT), and the ever-important, abundantly abstract cloud. Some of those terms are used rather broadly and interchangeably, leading many to wonder: What exactly are we talking about here? The definition of a digital twin is similarly less finite, but it is rather easy to conceptualize at a basic level. The technology links the physical world with the digital world, providing a digital model of a physical asset or process. It serves as a real-time data hub for its owner, allowing for reference to designed or expected performance and continuous offsite monitoring.
The Greater Tortue Ahmeyim (GTA) field offshore Mauritania and Senegal is a large, deep-water gas complex with two main reservoir sequences, the Lower Cenomanian and the Albian. The area was discovered by Kosmos Energy (Kosmos) in April 2015 by the Tortue-1 discovery well. Kosmos has since successfully confirmed three major fairways of the Senegal River Trend within the broader Mauritania and Senegal basin with the Guembeul-1A, Marsouin-1, Ahmeyim-2, Teranga-1, and Yakaar-1 wells. The outboard Cretaceous petroleum system offshore Mauritania and Senegal is potentially one of the largest petroleum systems ever opened along the Atlantic Margin.
Kosmos entered into a joint venture partnership with BP in respect of its interests in Mauritania and Senegal in December 2016. Dynamic production data was desired to further appraise the Lower Cenomanian reservoirs. A fast-track Drill Stem Test (DST) was conceived, planned, and conducted on the Tortue-1 discovery well beginning in June 2017 to assist in validating reservoir connectivity, productivity, original gas-in-place, and fluid quality. The DST, operated by Kosmos on behalf of the partnership, targeted two distinct reservoirs within the Lower Cenomanian sequence. The key information extracted from the well test has been used to support the Front End Engineering Design (FEED) currently underway, with a corresponding Final Investment Decision (FID) planned in late 2018.
This paper presents the objectives and design methodology, as well as the technical and operational challenges while conducting a dual-zone, high rate gas well test in ultra deep water within a compressed time schedule. This paper also presents the technology that Kosmos and BP selected to isolate the test intervals and gather pressure and temperature data during the extended flowing and buildup periods.
Finally, the key results of the DST are highlighted that underpin the development concept for the Tortue field.
Konings, Stijn Pieter Marie (Kosmos Energy LLC) | Hyde, Emma (Kosmos Energy LLC) | Noah, Jesse (Kosmos Energy LLC) | Schneider, Rhys (Kosmos Energy LLC) | Groves, Lee (Kosmos Energy LLC) | Deina, Chemsdine Sow (SMHPM)
In April 2015 Kosmos Energy discovered the Ahmeyim (formerly Tortue) gas field, followed by the discovery of the Bir Allah (formerly Marsouin) gas field, opening a new hydrocarbon province offshore Mauritania outboard of the proven upper slope salt play. Ahmeyim and Bir Allah encountered Cenomanian and Albian sands in a middle to lower slope setting. The hydrocarbon bearing sands exhibit strong anomalous class 2 AVO (Amplitude Versus Offset) response relative to the background while the water sands do not. Interrogation of the well data reveals well constrained rock physics models for both reservoir sands, as well as the background shales. Narrow uncertainty ranges in the relationships between the elastic parameters constituting the rock physics models allow for the construction of accurate forward synthetic AVO models. Comparison of these models to seismic AVO and migration velocity observations has successfully helped to reduce the pre-drill risk on reservoir presence, reservoir quality and reservoir fluid content. Confirmation of the models by consecutive wells has increased confidence in this exploration tool, but one should always remain cautious for unforeseen scenarios.
Presentation Date: Tuesday, September 26, 2017
Start Time: 2:40 PM
Presentation Type: ORAL