This paper has an objective of identifying the nature of formation fluid from an extreme tight fractured reservoir. A good understanding of petrophysical properties of the reservoir rock as well as the fluid it contains constitutes a real challenge for tight reservoirs, that are the most common unconventional sources of hydrocarbons. The front-line characterization mean is the Wireline logging which comes directly after drilling the well or while drilling, knowing that for low to extreme low porosity-permeability reservoirs any attempt of conventional well testing will not bring any added value not rather than a confirmation of reservoir tightness. A tailored workflow was adopted to design the most appropriate formation testing module, select the best depths for fluid sampling, and distinguish hydrocarbon from water bearing intervals. This workflow involves ultrasonic and Electric Borehole Images in combination with Sonic Scanner for natural fractures detection, localization and characterization, integrating Dielectric recording and processing for petrophysical evaluation, then Formation Testing was carried out for fluid identification and sampling. The use of borehole electric and sonic imager coupled with advanced sonic acquisition helped not only to identify the natural fractures depths, but also the nature of these fractures. This integration was used for selecting the sampling station.
This seminar will teach participants how to identify, evaluate, and quantify risk and uncertainty in everyday oil and gas economic situations. It reviews the development of pragmatic tools, methods, and understandings for professionals that are applicable to companies of all sizes. The seminar also briefly reviews statistics, the relationship between risk and return, and hedging and future markets. Strategic thinking and planning are key elements in an organisation’s journey to maximise value to shareholders, customers, and employees. Through this workshop, attendees will go through the different processes involved in strategic planning including the elements of organisational SWOT, business scenario and options development, elaboration of strategic options and communication to stakeholders.
Saudi Aramco awarded a contract* to McDermott International for engineering, procurement, constructi ... DNV GL has won a contract to provide independent verification services for Energinet’s section of th ... Equinor has awarded Subsea 7 with an engineering, procurement, construction, and installation (EPCI) ... Malaysian FPSO provider Yinson has secured a long-term contract extension through October 2022 with ... Well-Safe Solutions has been awarded a contract to decommission as many as 21 wells on the DNO-opera ... Infinity Oilfield Services and Medserv have formed a new joint venture named InMedCo to provide a po ... Boskalis Subsea Services said it has been awarded more than £100 million ($126 million) in contracts ... Chevron Australia has awarded Wood with a new contract to provide subsea integration and flow assura ... Qatar Petroleum has awarded McDermott with the FEED contract for the offshore pipelines and topsides ... DOF Subsea has secured two contracts in Brazil. Source: Teekay Offshore Teekay Offshore has agreed to a 3-year contract ... Petrobras has awarded TechnipFMC with an engineering, procurement, construction, and installation (E ... ADNOC awarded a $1.36-billion dredging, land reclamation, and marine construction contract to the UA ... Wood and KBR inked a multimillion-dollar contract to deliver integrated front-end engineering design ... Anadarko Mozambique Area 1, LTDA, a subsidiary of Anadarko Petroleum Corp., named the preferred tend ...
Decisions in E&P ventures are affected by Bias, Blindness, and Illusions (BBI) which permeate our analyses, interpretations and decisions. This one-day course examines the influence of these cognitive pitfalls and presents techniques that can be used to mitigate their impact. Bias refers to errors in thinking whereby interpretations and judgments are drawn in an illogical fashion. Blindness is the condition where we fail to see an unexpected event in plain sight. Illusions refer to misleading beliefs based on a false impression of reality.
Africa (Sub-Sahara) Petroceltic International said that the first of up to 24 new development wells planned in Algeria's Ain Tsila gas and condensate field was successful. The AT-10 well, situated about 2 miles from the AT-1 field discovery well, reached a total depth of 6,578 ft. Wireline logs indicated that the expected initial offtake rate would be comparable to the AT-1 and AT-8 wells, both of which test-flowed at more than 30 MMcf/D. Petroceltic is the operator with a 38.25% interest in the production-sharing contract that covers the Ain Tsila output. The remaining interests are held by Sonatrach (43.375%) and Enel (18.375%). Sonangol reported that it has found reserves in the Kwanza Basin of Angola that could total 2.2 billion BOE, including reserves in a block jointly owned with BP. Block 24, operated by BP, holds an estimated 280 million bbl of condensate and 8 Tcf of gas, totaling 1.7 billion BOE, Sonangol said in a statement seen by Reuters.
Africa (Sub-Sahara) Sound Energy identified significant gas shows at the first Tendrara well onshore Morocco. Drilled to a 2665-m measured vertical depth, the well hit a total gross pay interval of 89 m of gas. The full set of well logs are being processed before the startup of rigless mechanical reservoir stimulation operations, which will be followed by a well test. The company is the operator of the well with a 55% working interest.
Troudi, Habib (OMV Tunesien Production GmbH) | Chevalier, Francis (OMV Tunesien Production GmbH) | Alouani, Wael (OMV Tunesien Production GmbH) | Mzoughi, Wala (OMV Tunesien Production GmbH) | Abdelkader, Omri (OMV Tunesien Production GmbH)
In Tunisian Ghadames sag basin, a significant portion of natural gas resources are looked within low permeability Ordovician sandstones deposited immediately below the Early Silurian Tannezuft world-class source rock.
The objective of this study was to develop an integrated approach to better estimate the amount of gas stored in this emerging play via the analysis of four fundamental elements: 1) the thermal maturity of the Silurian ‘hot shales’ source rock, 2) the trapping mechanism and the architecture of Upper Ordovician paleo-valleys, 3) the impact of diagenesis-lithofacies association on petrophysical properties, and 4) the fracture distribution/density and their contribution in the production.
The Early Silurian hot shales constitute the essential ingredient for the development of a pervasive gas accumulation play. The gas generated at the deeper part of the basin has charged the underlying Ordovician low-permeability sandstones mainly through complex faults system inherited from the basement. During hydrocarbon maturation and charging, pore pressure increases at rates that exceed the normal gradients, leading to local over-pressure as seen in several wells drilled down to the Ordovician reservoirs. Lateral migration via regional faults is confirmed by numerous discoveries at the edges of the basin far away from the gas kitchen.
Besides the structural closures accumulations, more complex structural/stratigraphic or purely stratigraphic traps are deemed within the Late Ordovician, and documented for instance by the development of incised paleovalleys filled with multiple fluvio-glacial and marine clastic sediments (i.e Algeria, Libya). The discovery of hydrocarbon pay zones outside of structural closures and the result of the long term tests confirm this hypothesis.
Based on seismic data it is generally very hard to recognize the paleorelief marking the base of the Late Ordovician sequence. Key elements from core studies, regional correlations, isochore maps and sequence stratigraphy have been combined accordingly, leading to a conceptual model within the observed framework. It is then possible to identify the multiple incision surfaces associated with reservoirs of Jeffara and M'Krata Formations.
The reservoir quality is considered as a major risk in deep areas (>4 km). Although, the primary pores space have been occluded by quartz overgrowths and clay cementation or lost by lithostatic compaction. The substantial gas rates observed in several wells drilled in the junction of NE-SW and NS fault trends constitute an evidence of the contribution of open fracture into the flow.
This new insight into this play has been used by OMV to identify in Ghadames basin the area with possible "Tunnel Valley features", analogues to those drilled in Libya Murzuk basin (
There has been recognition in the oil and gas and mineral extractive industries for some time that a set of unified common standard definitions is required that can be applied consistently by international financial, regulatory, and reporting entities. An agreed set of definitions would benefit all stakeholders and provide increased - Consistency - Transparency - Reliability A milestone in standardization was achieved in 1997 when SPE and the World Petroleum Council (WPC) jointly approved the "Petroleum Reserves Definitions." Since then, SPE has been continuously engaged in keeping the definitions updated. The definitions were updated in 2000 and approved by SPE, WPC, and the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) as the "Petroleum Resources Classification System and Definitions." These were updated further in 2007 and approved by SPE, WPC, AAPG, and the Society of Petroleum Evaluation Engineers (SPEE). This culminated in the publication of the current "Petroleum Resources Management System," globally known as PRMS. PRMS has been acknowledged as the oil and gas industry standard for reference and has been used by the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) as a guide for their updated rules, "Modernization of Oil and Gas Reporting," published 31 December 2008. SPE recognized that new applications guidelines were required for the PRMS that would supersede the 2001 Guidelines for the Evaluation of Petroleum Reserves and Resources. The original guidelines document was the starting point for this work, and has been updated significantly with addition of the following new chapters: - Estimation of Petroleum Resources Using Deterministic Procedures (Chap.
Gryaznov, Andrey (Baker Hughes) | Paludan, Johanne (Baker Hughes) | Bizeray, Morgane (Baker Hughes) | El Menshawy, Ali (Baker Hughes) | Balamaga, Julius (Baker Hughes) | Embry, Jean-Michel (Baker Hughes) | Burns, Chris (Baker Hughes) | Fomin, Roman (Gazprom International) | Aleksakhin, Yuriy (Gazprom International)
A major oilfield services provider was requested by a Russian national oil company to conduct a study of a tight, naturally fractured reservoir in Algeria. The goal was to integrate multiple data types (borehole images, wireline acoustic data, 360-degree core photographs) to generate a representative set of 3D static models describing the natural fracture network (with optimistic, basic and pessimistic cases) and then define fracture permeability. The reservoir is a tight Ordovician sandstone with intensive faulting, a complex facies pattern, and limited well data—all presenting significant challenges.
Fracture interpretation was integrated from different sources, including borehole images, cross multipole acoustic data and 360-degree core photographs. The integration of fracture data from so many sources based on different physical principles enabled fracture modelling with much higher confidence, providing an input for further field development.
The workflow for fracture density determination is divided into several stages: from borehole imaging (including definition of open, mixed and closed fracture types) and acoustic data fracture interpretation to 3D fracture density trend creation and calibration. Image interpretation results show good correlation to acoustic log interpretation results using Stoneley reflectivity and azimuthal anisotropy analysis.
Combining acoustic, core and image logs data allowed organization of the wellbores into fracture classes. Fracture classes are zones of probability about the presence of natural fractures. These classes vary from very high probability (where all data types show presence of fractures) to zero probability (where all data types show no fractures or anisotropy).
The 3D model of fracture density reflects a basic concept: the fracture density decreases away from fault cores, and within the fault cores the fracture density is at a maximum. This observation was supported by many field analogues (including some in Algeria).
There were many intervals of intensive natural fracturing that were identified from images and core photographs. These zones might have contributed significantly to fracture permeability. This idea is supported by well test data analysis: the effective permeability from well tests significantly exceeds the matrix (core) permeability but is within the range of fracture permeability as defined by the continuous fracture network (CFN) modelling.
Various data sets were integrated and calibrated to enable precise identification of fracture density distribution, fracture classes, and dip angle and aperture of natural fractures. These data sets provided input for fracture permeability calculations. Fracture density, fracture aperture and fracture dip angle 3D grids were prepared. Special equations, developed for tight, fractured Algerian sandstones, were applied to calculate fracture properties, e.g., fracture permeability.
Through the close interaction of a multi-disciplinary team it was possible to successfully build a consistent 3D CFN model and to perform fracture uncertainty analysis to determine a variety of high-, mid- and low-fractured permeability cases. This model also supported further 1D and 3D geomechanical modelling studies. This CFN model provided a rapid workflow and robust model for further field development planning and new well placement.
Crude oil and natural gas have been major pillars of the modern civilization during the past century. They are among the most valuable depletable global resources. The energy market has witnessed many oil price shocks during the past several decades. Such instabilities have impacted the global oil and gas industry in ways that have included disruption of investment in the infrastructure, slowdown of advancements in technology development, and backwardness on attracting and training creative solution providers. OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) has been partly blamed for instigating such price instabilities. Recently, and since the latter part of 2014, in the fear that the shale resource developments may affect the market share of the OPEC producers, oil prices have dropped significantly because of OPEC countries, while suffering losses to their own economies, flooded the market with cheap oil. The global oil industry is now facing a similar situation it has faced several times during the last three decades.
Advantages and disadvantages of low oil prices for both net exporters and net importers of crude oil, as well as the global economy, have been extensively discussed in the literature. Based on the available statistics, while in the short terms, OPEC producers may regain their market shares by producing low cost conventional oil and discouraging shale oil and gas developments, in the long runs, this might not be a successful strategy. OPEC countries in few decades will be paying a high price when their conventional resources reach to levels barely satisfying their domestic needs. Furthermore, because of current orchestrated low prices for shale resources they are preventing their own countries from investing in the development of unconventional resources in terms of technology, manpower and pace of development. In this study we examine the potential of source rock development in some OPEC countries and discuss the importance of realizing the real value of crude oil when it gets to pricing a depletable resource and considering the substitution cost.