Logistical work is taking place in advance of subsea installation activities, which have the large UK North Sea field on track for first oil in 2019. After severe damage in a typhoon, the Huizhou oil field in the South China Sea was back on production in 5.5 months. This paper reviews how this feat was accomplished.
Coal remains the biggest challenge to LNG in Asia. Phase 1 of the development today marked the sail-away from Kværner’s yard of the 560-bed living-quarters topside, the largest of its kind in Norway. McDermott will provide EPC, hookup, and commissioning of the Cassia C topsides, a jacket, and a bridge to link Cassia C with the existing Cassia B platform. A project of “firsts,” Equinor’s Aasta Hansteen spar platform began producing gas on 16 December, opening a new region for gas export to Europe and the UK. A report from Rystad Energy shows a near-term boost in the global floating production market, with more than 30 new FPSO projects possibly reaching sanction from 2019 to 2021.
High-fidelity 3D engineering simulations are valuable in making decisions, but they can be cost-prohibitive and require significant amounts of time to execute. The integration of deep-learning neural networks with computational fluid dynamics may help accelerate the simulation process. The pipeline system will have the initial capacity to deliver 150,000 B/D of crude oil to multiple delivery points, accessing local refineries and connecting to several downstream pipelines. The independent oil and gas company is aiming to build shareholder value through a change in business focus to midstream with this step into pipeline service and construction. Phase 1 of the development today marked the sail-away from Kværner’s yard of the 560-bed living-quarters topside, the largest of its kind in Norway.
Africa (Sub-Sahara) Algeria awarded four of 31 oil and gas field blocks on offer to foreign consortiums in its first auction since 2011. Shell and Repsol won permits for the Boughezoul area in the north of the country, while Shell and Statoil won permits for the Timissit area in the east. A consortium of Enel and Dragon Oil was awarded permits for both the Tinrhert and the Msari Akabli areas. Circle Oil's CGD-12 well, located onshore Morocco in the Sebou permit, encountered natural gas at different levels within the Guebbas and Hoot sands. Wireline logging analysis confirmed a net 9.7 m of pay. The first test, over the Intra Hoot sands, flowed gas at a sustained rate of 2.21 MMscf/D through an 18/64‑in. The primary target, the Main Hoot sands, flowed at a sustained rate of 4.62 MMscf/D through a 24/64-in.
Models were developed for these wells for future water-production prediction and a spatial analysis was also conducted. This study summarizes hydrate-inhibition practices for these sea lines, and indicates a possibility of using them as indirect thermometers to provide important physical oceanographic data. Results of the experimental and numerical heat-transfer analysis conducted on a T-shaped acrylic-glass pipe, representing a production header in a subsea production system with a vertical deadleg. The Hail 3D transition-zone seismic survey carried out by ADNOC is located in a UNESCO world-biosphere reserve. Effective environmental and ecological management throughout the project was attained through working procedures and monitoring programs. The understanding of solid-particle flow regimes in pipelines for any operational conditions is important for identifying the nature of particle interaction and movement. In this paper, a comprehensive analysis of solid-particle flow regimes in stratified flow in a horizontal pipeline is presented. High-concentration polymer flooding can improve oil-displacement efficiency but separation of oil/water mixture becomes more difficult because of emulsification.
Ashtead Technology has acquired Louisiana-based subsea equipment rental and cutting services specialist, Aqua-Tech Solutions, as part of the company’s international growth plans in the US. Aker Solutions and FSubsea have agreed to a joint venture, named FASTSubsea, to help operators increase oil recovery. Called Eelume, the underwater drone will perform subsea inspection, maintenance, and repair work. From its record high in 2014, purchases of subsea equipment and SURF fell around 50% until reaching a low in 2018. New data suggest that the subsea market will be a top-performing oilfield service segment.
Africa (Sub-Sahara) Petroceltic International said that the first of up to 24 new development wells planned in Algeria's Ain Tsila gas and condensate field was successful. The AT-10 well, situated about 2 miles from the AT-1 field discovery well, reached a total depth of 6,578 ft. Wireline logs indicated that the expected initial offtake rate would be comparable to the AT-1 and AT-8 wells, both of which test-flowed at more than 30 MMcf/D. Petroceltic is the operator with a 38.25% interest in the production-sharing contract that covers the Ain Tsila output. The remaining interests are held by Sonatrach (43.375%) and Enel (18.375%). Sonangol reported that it has found reserves in the Kwanza Basin of Angola that could total 2.2 billion BOE, including reserves in a block jointly owned with BP. Block 24, operated by BP, holds an estimated 280 million bbl of condensate and 8 Tcf of gas, totaling 1.7 billion BOE, Sonangol said in a statement seen by Reuters.
Africa (Sub-Sahara) Shell's new natural gas discoveries in Egypt are estimated in initial quantities at about 500 Bcf with more reserves possible, said Aidan Murphy, chairman and managing director of Shell Egypt. The discoveries, in a concession area of north Alam El-Shawish in the country's western desert, could yield 10% to 15% of the total production of Badr el-Din Petroleum Company, the 50/50 joint venture of Shell and Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation that is expected to manage the operations. Eni reported that the Laarich East-1 oil well in Tunisia has a delivery capacity of approximately 2,000 B/D. Spudded in June, the well discovered hydrocarbons in Silurian and Ordovician sandstones while reaching a final depth of 13,487 ft. The well has now been connected to production. The company continues to drill Tunisian exploration prospects that have been identified on 3D seismic surveys.
Africa (Sub-Sahara) San Leon Energy reported encouraging performance from its OML 18 field in Nigeria. Reperforation of an oil well increased gross field production to approximately 61,000 B/D before output was temporarily scaled back to 53,000 B/D for a shut-in, upgrade, and workover of the well. A number of other field wells will be reperforated in coming months, the company said. San Leon holds a 9.72% interest in the field, which is operated by Eroton (35%). Nigerian National Petroleum Corp. holds the remaining stake. FAR said that drilling has begun on the SNE-5 appraisal well offshore Senegal. The well and the following SNE-6 well will evaluate the upper SNE reservoir units' connectivity and deliverability by oil flow testing that will include interference tests.
Cai, Junjie (Shenzhen Branch, CNOOC China limited) | Wen, Huahua (Shenzhen Branch, CNOOC China limited) | Gao, Xiang (Shenzhen Branch, CNOOC China limited) | Cai, Guofu (Shenzhen Branch, CNOOC China limited) | Hu, Kun (Shenzhen Branch, CNOOC China limited)
Huizhou Depression is in the exploration peak stage at present. The main target layer is gradually extending from the middle-shallow traps to the deep paleogene traps and the shallow lithologic traps, and the difficulty of exploration is totally increased. Paleogene layer oil&gas exploration is faced with the problems of deep buried depth, reservoir heterogeneity and uncertain distribution of high-quality hydrocarbon sources.
By combining tectonic evolution analysis with sequence stratigraphy, considering regional stress background and the utilizing of the seismic facies, the main faults tectonic features, stratigraphic sedimentary characteristics, the distribution position of sedimentary center and the control effect of the palaeogeomorphology on the sedimentary distribution range deposited from the transition zone are analyzed.
It is concluded that the lower Wenchang period's tectonic movement was dominated by the southern depression control fault, and the semideep-deep lacustrine high-quality hydrocarbon source rocks were mainly distributed in the south of the Huizhou Depression, such as HZ 26 Sag and the subsag of the XJ30 Sag. The braided river delta deposited from XJ30 transfer zone is mainly distributed along the west side of the long axis of XJ30 sag, and the semideep-deep lacustrine facies mudstone is formed in the east of XJ30 Sag. In the upper Wenchang period, the activity of the depression control faults in the northwest of the Huizhou Depression becomes stronger than the south, which influences the sedimentary center migrated from southeast to the northwest. The sediment provenance of XJ30 transfer zone deposits perpendicular to the long axis of the XJ30, and the long braided river delta is formed in the south side of the XJ24 Sag. In Enping period, which is changed from strong rift phase to rift-depression transition phase, the shallow lacustrine-swamp facies are taken as the main source rocks, and shallow braided river delta is widely developed, while the sediment from the provenance of XJ30 transfer zone is weakened.
The northern and southern migration of the transfer zone provenance river delta and the northern and southern distribution characteristics of the source rocks of semideep-deep lacustrine facies are caused by the differences of the northern and southern fault activities during the Paleogene period. Through the combination of structural evolution analysis and sedimentary characteristics analysis, the analysis of paleogeomorphology's effect on the control of sedimentary system is of great importance to the identification of high-quality paleogene reservoirs and hydrocarbon sources.