The session will cover an area of growing interest, given increasing concern about wellbore integrity and well control. As with other MPD systems, SMD technology offers early detection of influxes (kicks) and minimizes downhole losses to weak subsurface formations. This paper describes a number of system enhancements, including the ability to display and analyze not only the critical parameters of drilling hydraulics but also other information that allows different perspectives in considering the closed-loop system. The paper demonstrates the successful application of advanced automated managed-pressure-drilling (MPD) technologies on the Dover well close to Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada. The development of the Kanowit field offshore Sarawak, Malaysia, requires the drilling of two subsea development wells with a semisubmersible rig.
Megaprojects have come to define many of the world’s new resource projects but they are also a testament to the awesome engineering capabilities of the oil and gas industry. Find out who took home this year’s honors. Are Deepwater Projects Due for a Revival? The oil price downturn spawned a lull in deepwater enthusiasm, but better project execution and reduced project lead times have helped operators achieve lower costs and better returns. What does the landscape for deep water look like in the near term?
The next big wave of decommissioning and abandonment projects is set to occur in the Asia-Pacific region, and APAC’s operators are now tasked with finding cost- and time-effective ways of unwinding their huge agglomeration of wells and facilities. Are Deepwater Projects Due for a Revival? The oil price downturn spawned a lull in deepwater enthusiasm, but better project execution and reduced project lead times have helped operators achieve lower costs and better returns. What does the landscape for deep water look like in the near term? Will operators get more involved?
The move comes weeks after Gazprom announced a final development concept for the project. Other projects Shell is developing with Gazprom, including the Sakhalin 2 export facility, will not be impacted by the decision. The next big wave of decommissioning and abandonment projects is set to occur in the Asia-Pacific region, and APAC’s operators are now tasked with finding cost- and time-effective ways of unwinding their huge agglomeration of wells and facilities. This digital deal is helping to make augmented reality a new reality for oil and gas operations. The project framework agreement moves the proposed conversion of Lake Charles LNG’s import and regasification terminal closer to sanction, which is expected sometime this year.
Africa (Sub-Sahara) Oil samples have been recovered in the FAN-1 exploration well, being drilled offshore Senegal. Elevated gas and fluorescence were encountered in a shallow secondary target, and the presence of oil was confirmed by an intermediate logging program. Oil samples from thin sand were collected by a wireline formation tester for further analysis. The well will be deepened to a planned total depth of approximately 5000 m. Cairn is the operator (40%), with partners ConocoPhillips (35%), FAR (15%), and Senegalese national oil company Petrosen (10%). A drillstem test of BG Group's Mzia-3 well--located in Block 1, offshore southern Tanzania, at a water depth of around 1800 m--reached a maximum sustained flow rate of 101 MMscf/D of natural gas. The Mzia prospect is a multilayered field of Upper Cretaceous age with a gross gas column estimated at more than 300 m.
Africa (Sub-Sahara) Shell has initiated a two-well drilling program in blocks 1 and 4 of the Mafia Deep basin offshore Tanzania. Drilling is taking place in water depths of up to 7,545 ft, with the company and its joint-venture partners Pavilion Energy and Ophir Energy investing almost USD 80 million in the program. The two wells will meet the remaining requirements in the exploration licenses issued by the Tanzanian Ministry of Energy and Minerals. Asia Pacific Petronas has begun gas production from the world's first floating liquefied natural gas (FLNG) facility, the PFLNG SATU, at the Kanowit field offshore Malaysia's Sarawak state. The first-gas milestone marked the onset of commissioning and startup for the FLNG facility, preceding commercial production and initial cargo shipment. The facility is fitted with an external turret for operating in water depths of 229 ft to 656 ft. It will extract gas through a flexible subsea pipeline for the liquefaction, production, storage, and offloading of LNG at the field.
Proper and reliable resource assessment of hydrocarbons in-place and recoverable volumes is one of the key factors in field development planning (FDP) and determines the commitments made to the host government for the reserves to be developed (RTBD). Many times, it is critical to update the resources and reserves of a producing asset through full field reviews (FFR) to gauge the production attainment and success of initial forecasts in FDP and also to locate any upside/locked-in potential.
Often uncertainties in the field development are expected to reduce as the field produces, but in many cases the results show otherwise due to lack/ inaccuracy of data or existing reservoir complexities. This paper elaborates how an integrated approach utilizing analytical methods (material balance, pressure and rate transient analysis) combined to numerical reservoir simulation is used for accurate resource assessment of an over-pressured gas condensate reservoir that suffers from lack of geological and petrophysical data, faulty production data measurement system and complex fluid and pressure behavior.
A comprehensive workflow comprising of different methodologies is used to harness the available geological, petrophysical, production and pressure data. Over-pressured and compressibility corrected gas material balance and pressure and rate transient analysis (RTA) are conducted using static and flowing data to encompass the existing uncertainties on resource numbers and generate low, base and high cases. The results of these methods are then successfully utilized to construct the dynamic reservoir model for evaluation of the upside and near field exploitation (NFE) potential. The results of the full field review lead to a 50% increase in the gas initially in-place compared to FDP volumes and a significant addition in the proven reserve. This increase in volumes was investigated through proactive surveillance for a period of time and was well supported by the reservoir and well performance.
A novel approach to numerically model the over-pressured gas reservoirs is developed using a simple concept of compressibility modifications supported by production data history match and analogue core data. The results of the study greatly benefited the production sharing contract (PSC) and lead to production enhancement from the field through a proper debottlenecking project.
Mendes Sales, Ivan (Petrobras) | Dantas Sitonio guedes, Jonas (Petrobras) | Alexandre Martinello, Isac (Petrobras) | Couto Lemgruber Kropf, Talles (Petrobras) | Mesquita Caetano, Leonardo (Petrobras) | Alonso Fernandes, Andre (Petrobras) | Loures Sa, Lucas (Petrobras)
MPD techniques have being applied to drill zones with major fluid losses or narrow operational window. Nevertheless, subsequent operations are not yet at the same stage of development: Wireline logging, running casing and cementing are still challenging and need further development when it comes to DP rigs. Therefore, after drilling a well with hydrostatically underbalanced fluid and surface backpressure, it is necessary to replace the drilling fluid in order to continue the operations. Although, in nearly all MPD wells it is possible to do this, the major challenges are zones with absent drilling window and severe losses where PMCD technique is required. In these cases, it is not possible to use overbalanced drilling fluid. This paper presents a solution for wireline logging while using MPD techniques on DP rigs with underbalanced drilling fluid. At first, it shows the planning phase and its discussion, then the execution phase with its difficulties.
Radzuan, Nurul Asyikin M. (PETRONAS) | Salleh, Nurfarah Izwana (PETRONAS) | Chandrakant, Ashvin Avalani (PETRONAS) | Rusman, Liyana (PETRONAS) | Zamanuri, Kautsar (PETRONAS) | Bakar, Azfar Israa Abu (PETRONAS) | Yip, Pui Mun (PETRONAS) | Jamaluddin, M. Helmi (PETRONAS) | Ghonim, Elsayed Ouda (PETRONAS) | Nambiar, Vijay (Novomet) | Alexander, Euan (Artificial Lift Solutions)
Following the first pilot success of the truly rigless 3-1/2" tubing cable deployed ESP (TTESP-CD in offshore field of Sarawak Basin, PETRONAS has taken steps to further advance in the technology development and application through more replications within Sarawak and Malay Basin. PETRONAS had been looking into a strong business case for the TTESP-CD technology for a wider application throughout Malaysia region by looking at fields with strong/moderate water drive and low bubble point pressure besides having other limitations on the platform including the facilities reliability issues. TTESP-CD are to be applied widely in Malaysia with more flexibilities in design and improvement towards the subsurface equipment, installation equipment and procedures. With the challenges in the existing completion and production requirement for replications, based on the lesson learnt from the pilot implementation, multiple improvements to the system have been done including; 1) A High Rate Slim Pump with Flexible Application 2) Alignment Tool for Cable Hanger Orientation. With this in place, more opportunities identified for the candidate selection which improve the installation philosophy specifically in dual string applications and enhance the efficiency in installation procedures. Case studies of TTESP-CD replications in Malay & Sarawak Basin for Field T, Field B and Field P presenting the best case for TTESP-CD application with improvement to design, equipment and application. These will bring additional value to PETRONAS with estimated production gain of 1.5 KBD and up to 1.2 MMSTB reserves to be monetized with additional value saving of up to RM 6 Mill. Besides the subsurface challenges, aging offshore assets brings a lot of challenges, especially on the space availability, structural integrity, power availability and distribution, instrumentation and data transmission. This requires an integrated approach from multiple disciplines in delivering the studies as per required within the targeted timeframe.
Bashir, Yasir (Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS) | Babasafari, Amir Abbas (Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS) | Biswas, Ajay (Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS) | Hamidi, Rositi (Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS) | Moussavi Alashloo, Seyed Yaser (Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS) | Tariq Janjuah, Hammad (American University of Beirut) | Prasad Ghosh, Deva (Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS) | Weng Sum, Chow (Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS)
A majority of remaining proven Oil & Gas reserves is contained by Carbonate reservoir, and much more complicated to explore as imaging of the Carbonate rocks is poor. In case of Carbonate data, seismic diffraction imaging has contributed to an enhancement in the quality of seismic but there is still lack of understanding the lithology and impedance contrast which can be defined by the seismic inversion. In contrast, to the conventional process, an integration of seismic inversion methods are necessary to understand the lithology and include the full band of frequency in our initial model to incorporate and detail study about the basin for prospect evaluation. In this paper, an integrated approch is developed for better deleniation of subsurface structure and lithologies. Seismic post stack inversion technique is applied to the Carbonate field to study Electroficies and lithofacies of subsurface strata for better and detail study of the reservoir.