Africa (Sub-Sahara) Cairn Energy has flowed oil from its SNE-2 well offshore Senegal. Drillstem testing of a 39-ft interval achieved a maximum stabilized but constrained flow rate of 8,000 B/D of high-quality pay. A flow rate of 1,000 B/D of relatively low-quality pay was achieved from another zone. Drilled to appraise a 2014 discovery, the well lies in the Sangomar Offshore block in 3,937 ft of water 62 miles from shore. Drilling reached the planned total depth of 9,186 ft below sea level. Cairn has a 40% interest in the block with the other interests held by ConocoPhillips (35%), FAR (15%), and Petrosen (10%).
Africa (Sub-Sahara) Kosmos Energy has made a significant deepwater gas discovery off Senegal. The Guembeul-1 well in the northern part of the St. Louis Offshore Profond license in 8,858 ft of water encountered 331 net ft of gas pay in two excellent-quality reservoirs, the company reported. The results demonstrate reservoir continuity and static pressure communication with the Tortue-1 well, which suggests a single gas accumulation. The mean gross resource estimate for the Greater Tortue complex has risen to 17 Tcf from 14 Tcf as a result of the Guembeul discovery, the company said. Kosmos, the operator, has a 60% interest in the well. Timis (30%) and Petrosen (10%) hold the remaining interest. In Salah Gas has started production from its Southern fields in Algeria.
Adaptive waveform inversion (AWI) is one of a new breed of full-waveform inversion (FWI) algorithms that seek to mitigate the effects of cycle skipping (Warner & Guasch, 2016). The phenomenon of cycle skipping is inherent to the classical formulation of FWI, owing to the manner in which it tries to minimize the difference between oscillatory signals. AWI avoids this by instead seeking to drive the ratio of the Fourier transform of the same signals to unity. One of the strategies most widely employed by FWI practitioners when trying to overcome cycle skipping, is to introduce progressively the more nonlinear components of the data, referred to as multiscale inversion. Since AWI is insensitive to cycle skipping, we assess here whether this multiscale approach still provides an appropriate strategy for AWI.
Presentation Date: Tuesday, September 26, 2017
Start Time: 3:05 PM
Presentation Type: ORAL
The Ganges Brahmaputra Delta and the associated Bengal Fan is the world’s largest delta/submarine fan complex. The deepwater areas of the Bengal and Rakhine Basins are relatively underexplored frontier areas. In 2003 the large Shwe gas field was discovered in Lower Pliocene turbidite fan sediments with reserve estimates of 6-9 tcf. As additional blocks are licensed, new data will be acquired to evaluate the area including 3D CSEM which is being considered as a complementary exploration method to seismic data.
The controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) method has been applied to oil and gas exploration and production for more than 10 years. EM data are used to indicate the presence of hydrocarbons, since hydrocarbon saturated rocks display higher electric resistivity compared to water-filled reservoirs. CSEM is an excellent technique to define the lateral extent of hydrocarbon accumulations and is particularly useful in determining the existence and extent of stratigraphic accumulations.
3D modelling indicates CSEM is sensitive to the Shwe Field reservoirs and can define the lateral extent of the pay zones. 3D CSEM forward modelling has been performed over a range of target sizes within the economic limitations of deepwater drilling, and the modelling shows that CSEM would be sensitive to those targets.
Based on these results, it is concluded that CSEM 3D data will detect the presence of hydrocarbon accumulations and thus, high-grade exploration areas in the greater Bengal Basin.
In this paper we describe how the deepwater reservoir sediments in the Bay of Bengal, dominated by a deepwater turbidite depositional process, is the ideal geologic setting for detecting resistive anomalies related to hydrocarbon accumulations. Turbidites, by nature, are anomalous deposits of sand encased in shale. When saturated with hydrocarbons, they are more resistive than the surrounding shales, allowing them to be detected using the marine controlled source electromagnetic (CSEM) method. CSEM is sensitive to the large Shwe field accumulation on the shelf, offshore Myanmar and is used in this study to illustrate the ranges of detectability in the adjacent deepwater areas (Fig. 1).