SPE's publication for the Projects, Facilities, and Construction (PFC) technical discipline, Oil and Gas Facilities (OGF), has recently launched a monthly section which will feature synopses of editor-picked SPE technical papers on PFC topics. OGF Selection Editor Gerald Verbeek will pick three papers each month that are then synopsized by SPE editorial staff and published on the OGF website. Verbeek was previously the executive editor for peer-reviewed papers in OGF and was recognized as "A Peer Apart" honoree for peer-review of more than 100 technical papers. He has picked Corrosion and Scaling for the first selection, a topic that affects all involved in oil and gas facilities. "Early in my career I spent about a year as a corrosion engineer to learn the fundamentals, only to discover that without keeping scaling and corrosion in mind, it is impossible to a be a good facilities engineer," said Verbeek in his introductory article about the new section.
Tyrie, Jeb (Bridge Petroleum) | Mulcahy, Matt (Bridge Petroleum) | Leask, Robbie (Bridge Petroleum) | Wahid, Fazrie (Bridge Petroleum) | Arogundade, Olamide (Schlumberger) | Khattak, Iftikhar (Schlumberger) | Apena, Gani (Schlumberger) | Samy, Mohammed (Schlumberger) | Sagar, Rajiv (Schlumberger) | Xia, Tianxiang (TRACS International) | Nyadu, Kofi (WorleyParsons, Advision) | Maizeret, Pierre-David (Schlumberger)
This paper describes the proposed re-development of the Galapagos Field, comprising the abandoned NW Hutton field and the Darwin discovery (Block 211/27 UKCS) which forms a southerly extension. The paper covers the initial concept and analytical evaluation, the static uncertainty model build, the dynamic model history-match, the iterations between static and dynamic modelling, the development subsea and well locations, the optimisation workflow of the advanced Flow Control Valve (FCV) completions in both producers and injectors and the facilities constraints.
The redevelopment plan involved several multi-disciplinary teams. 20 years of production data from 52 wells were analysed to identify the production behaviour and confirm the significant target that provided the basis for the development concept selection. The full Brent sequence compartmentalised stochastic static model was based on reprocessed seismic plus 14 exploration and appraisal wells. Streamlines, uncertainty sensitivities and mostly good detective work honed a history match to RFT, BHP, PLT and oil and water production. P50, P90/P10 models were selected and over 100 FCVs optimised to deliver the profiles against an identified FSPO facilities’ constraints.
Over 1,000 static models were delivered consisting of sheet sands, incised valleys and channels in heterolithic facies overprinted by a depth trend with appropriate uncertainty ranges. The high well count gave a tight STOIIP probabilistic range of 790/883/937 million stb. The early RFTs illustrated extreme differential depletion between Brent zones and subzones of the Ness. To history-match these the dynamic model retained the static model definition in the Upper Ness to capture the thin but extensive shales. The early 18-month depletion and the late steady production-injection phases were simulated separately in prediction mode and matched the Production Analysis estimated ‘future’ production giving confidence to the history matched model. The initial concept development of 4 subsea-centres, to cover the large field area, with an injector in each compartment proved a robust selection. The horizontal wells increase PI where needed and mitigate internal faulting. The optimisation of the FCVs significantly increased oil production from all zones and drastically reduced water injection and production so that the identified FPSO modifications were relatively modest. The final First Stage Field Development Plan consists of 11 producers and 6 injectors across developed and undeveloped areas confirmed robust P50 reserves of 84 million boe.
Robust concept selection allowed for early identification of production units so that constraints and modifications could be accounted for within the economic model.
The Galapagos field re-development plan is an excellent example of how detailed static and fully history matched dynamic models can lay the foundations for new technology like the optimisation of the FCVs to access bypassed reserves using significantly smaller production units with reduced requirements for power, compression, gas lift, pumping pressure, injection and production. In short, they shrank the facilities.
This seminar will teach participants how to identify, evaluate, and quantify risk and uncertainty in everyday oil and gas economic situations. It reviews the development of pragmatic tools, methods, and understandings for professionals that are applicable to companies of all sizes. The seminar also briefly reviews statistics, the relationship between risk and return, and hedging and future markets. Strategic thinking and planning are key elements in an organisation’s journey to maximise value to shareholders, customers, and employees. Through this workshop, attendees will go through the different processes involved in strategic planning including the elements of organisational SWOT, business scenario and options development, elaboration of strategic options and communication to stakeholders.
This session focuses on the latest developments in drilling applications used during exploration and development of wells. These applications are design specifically to improve well costs and schedules. The overall spectrum of well planning, engineering and design, execution will be covered; along with highlights on technical solutions of key challenges in our current drilling environment. The industry, utilises tool and equipment inspection (QA & QC) as an approach to achieve drilling assurance and reliability. Several examples of initiatives to reduce Non-Productive Time (NPT) through the application of geomechanical studies and the improvement of drilling practices to minimise operational problems related to well bore stability will be covered.
Methane monitoring using improved methods is detecting more gas in the atmosphere, increasing the need for better ways to eliminate releases. The complete paper describes a work flow in which wells and production networks in the Cheleken Block offshore Turkmenistan are automatically modeled daily with steady-state and transient tools and ultimately analyzed by the Cheleken Block Central Data Gathering System. One tech company is using a unique approach to building custom apps for the oil and gas business. The Southwest Partnership on Carbon Sequestration (SWP) is one of seven large-scale demonstration projects sponsored by the US Department of Energy. Newly developed ambient seismic imaging methods provide valuable information throughout the life cycle of an unconventional field.
If you can see it, then maybe you can control it. This sums up the latest quest that the unconventional engineering community embarked upon to get a better understanding of proper well spacing and how fractures really interact. Devon Energy will be getting simpler and smaller by selling two no-growth assets—gas acreage in the Barnett Shale in Texas and oil sand operations in Canada. Its future is staked on growing oil production in the Permian’s Delaware Basin and three other unconventional oil plays. The struggle to overcome the challenge of frac hits has led to a critical dialogue about which pathway the shale sector should take.
Researchers mapped 251 faults in the North Texas home of the Barnett Shale, the birthplace of the shale revolution, finding that wastewater injection there “significantly increases the likelihood for faults to slip.” The evolution of hydraulic fracturing is a long and circuitous one that deserves examination. Engineering and completions leaders from Liberty Oilfield Services did just that, authoring a paper that encapsulates the high points in the development of the groundbreaking completions practice. This paper provides a retrospective assessment of the Barnett and Eagle Ford Shale plays to highlight lessons learned and the associated value of those learnings.
Researchers mapped 251 faults in the North Texas home of the Barnett Shale, the birthplace of the shale revolution, finding that wastewater injection there “significantly increases the likelihood for faults to slip.” Stanford geoscientists have found a way to detect thousands of tiny tremors around hydraulic fracturing operations that could serve as predictors of eventual larger earthquakes. One of Oklahoma’s top government officials announced recently that it could be many more months before the full scope of the state’s regulatory response plan for induced seismicity is proven effective. Earthquake in Cushing, OK -- home to the largest oil storage facility in the world -- leads to further regulatory action on disposal wells in the area. Research and development firm Battelle is working on a new induced-seismicity study that aims to help wastewater disposal well operators in Ohio stay on the good side of state regulators.
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The Italian operator reported positive appraisal and exploration results from wells drilled some 10,000 km apart. UK operator Trident Energy is entering Brazil while Australian firm Karoon Energy is expanding its position in the country. Both will try to boost output from already-producing assets. Findings from Kayrros suggest the average Permian well is both less productive and more expensive than reflected in public data. Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador is prioritizing investment in Pemex over foreign participation as a means to boost the country’s shrinking oil output.