The E&P company said that a reduction in its interests for projects off the coast of the West African nations should still happen by the end of this year. This includes the large Greater Tortue Ahmeyim LNG project, which is set to start up in 2022. Drones are becoming an important tool for energy companies looking to improve on-site safety and operational efficiencies, and the industry is looking for the best way to maximize their value. What are some the challenges in getting these programs off the ground? The criticality of above-water riser hull piping requires frequent inspections.
Lundin reports that the hookup and commissioning of installed facilities at the large North Sea field is progressing as planned. Phase 1 startup is still scheduled for November. Is Optical Gas Imaging the New Solution for Methane Detection? Thermal imaging helps operators maintain regulatory compliance on methane-emissions requirements. Optical gas imaging technology may be an answer in allowing for faster, more efficient inspections, but there are hurdles to its adoption.
Freeport marks the sixth major LNG export facility to start operations in the US. Commercial deliveries are expected to begin in September, with Osaka Gas and JERA taking half of the Train 1’s offtake capacity. The US EIA reports that natural gas deliveries producting LNG for export reached 6.0 Bcf/D in July. Deliveries to LNG export facilities have been the fastest growing among all natural gas consumption sectors this year. The launch will make Shenzhen Gas the second Chinese city gas distributor backed by a local government to own an LNG import facility, following Shenergy Group’s Shanghai import terminal.
The company chose McDermott and BHGE to provide FEED studies in advance of an EPCI contract for its Tortue/Ahmeyim field offshore Mauritania and Senegal in West Africa. BP will award subsea contracts to McDermott and Baker Hughes, a GE company (BHGE) for its West African Tortue/Ahmeyim offshore development. The two companies were chosen for front-end engineering design (FEED) studies in advance of an engineering, procurement, construction, and installation (EPCI) contract for the development, a major gas project located on the maritime border of Mauritania and Senegal in West Africa. During the initial engineering phase, McDermott will work on defining the subsea umbilicals, risers, and flowlines scope for the project, while BHGE will focus on the subsea production system scope. Teams from McDermott and BHGE will perform the project management and FEED work from McDermott’s Epson facility in the UK.
BP will award subsea contracts to McDermott and Baker Hughes, a GE company (BHGE) for its West African Tortue/Ahmeyim offshore development. The two companies were chosen for front-end engineering design (FEED) studies in advance of an engineering, procurement, construction, and installation (EPCI) contract for the development, a major gas project located on the maritime border of Mauritania and Senegal in West Africa. During the initial engineering phase, McDermott will work on defining the subsea umbilicals, risers, and flowlines scope for the project, while BHGE will focus on the subsea production system scope. Teams from McDermott and BHGE will perform the project management and FEED work from McDermott’s Epson facility in the UK. The FEED is scheduled to finish this year.
The Colorado River is one of the most controlled, one of the most controversial and the most litigated river in the world. Its limited water resources are the subject of intense competition for irrigation and municipal uses and soon that competition will increase as the energy resources of the Colorado River Basin are developed to help meet the energy challenges facing the United States. The competition for the waters of the Colorado River has been growing since before the turn of the century and shows no signs of decreasing. Historically, that competition has to a large extent been resolved in one political arena or another and like the competition, the politics surrounding Colorado River water show no signs of decreasing. Although a great deal has been written about the "Law of the River" which is generally thought of as meaning the two Congressionally-approved interstate compacts, (1922 and 1948); one international treaty (1944); and, the laws of the 7 states that comprise the Colorado River Basin, politics and to a fairly large degree emotion, have been a significant and often controlling means by which the waters have been allocated and applied to beneficial use. The seven basin states are California, Arizona and Nevada in the Lower Basin (below Lee Ferry, Arizona) and Colorado, Wyoming, Utah and New Mexico in the Upper Basin (above Lee Ferry, Arizona). Arizona an Utah are hydrologically partly in the upper and Lower Basins
The first of the landmark documents dealing with the division of the waters of the Colorado River and agreed to by the seven states and the United States is the Colorado River Compact of 1922, which provides for the equitable division and apportionment of the use of the waters of the Colorado River system. Even then California was growing faster than the other basin states and politics played an important role in the way the compact was finally ratified. Today California waters approximately 11 million people with Colorado River water and has 45 members in both houses of the United States Congress; Colorado has 7. These numbers speak volumes politically.
The Upper Basin states recognized early on that they would have to agree to apportion their waters by a more specific formula and in 1948 entered into the Upper Colorado River Compact which apportions the water among the 4 Upper Basin states: Colorado, 51.75%; New Mexico, 11.25%; Utah, 23%; Wyomong, 14%. This compact establishes the Upper Colorado River Commission and the Upper Basin states fund it in the same ratio as their share of the water. However, when the Upper Colorado River Basin Fund was established by the Colorado River Storage Project Act in 1956 the states agreed to share the fund with 46% to Colorado; 21.5% to Utah; 15.5% to Wyoming and 17% to New Mexico. Politics was instrumental in the decision to share Politics was instrumental in the decision to share the water and the money on different bases.
Interestingly, the Upper Colorado River Commission's offices were moved in the 1950's from Grand Junction, Colorado to Salt Lake City, Utah for proximity to the Bureau of Reclamation (now the Water 4 Power Resources Service) office having responsibility for work in the Upper Colorado River Basin. Salt Lake City is not physically in the Colorado River basin. But politics physically in the Colorado River basin. But politics played a role in locating both offices outside the played a role in locating both offices outside the basin.
The river has been a source of disagreement between the United States and old Mexico for many years. The original Alamo canal to irrigate California's Imperial Valley ran for about 50 miles through old Mexico. The result was, of course, a great deal of water was stolen from the canal to irrigate lands in Mexico. Subsequently, the canal was reconstructed totally within the United States and now carries the name "The All American Canal". Mexico has long complained that its rights to use of Colorado River water were being ignored by its neighbor to the north. And in general this attitude with various modifications seems to have prevailed until World War II and in 1944 the United States entered into a treaty with Mexico providing for the delivery of 1 1/2 million acre feet of Colorado River water per year to Mexico. Normally one would not expect that a relatively obscure water treaty would be negotiated during the height of a global war. However, when the treaty negotiations began in about 1942 the United States feared an invasion of southern California by way of the unprotected Mexican Baja California penninsula. The quid pro quo not mentioned in the water treaty was that the United States could send its forces to Mexico to repell the anticipated invasion.