Completion engineers feel pressure to maximize production per acre and minimize the downsides of fracturing in tight spaces. Terry Palisch, talks about promoting knowledge sharing as part of JPT’s tech director report. Good diagnostic testing is often painstaking, time-consuming, and costly, but recent studies suggest that a lack of knowledge can be even costlier. Good reservoir detective work costs money, but two studies show how it can help identify even more expensive problems.
Pictures shot in fractured wells show how a high-pressure slurry of water and sand carves up the perforations. This paper presents the evolution of a Bakken advanced completion design with the added enhancement of extreme limited entry (XLE) perforating. With this strategy, an operator has consistently stimulated more than 11 perforation clusters per stage. Good reservoir detective work costs money, but two studies show how it can help identify even more expensive problems.
Over the last 5 years It has established itself and evolved into a must attend technical gathering in the Caspian Region that attracts lots of International interest and attendance and aids in the development of the Oil & gas industry. Both the Panel and Technical Sessions cover regional concerns professionally drawing on industry experts presentations and experiences. The quality of the technical content, in addition to the consistently high number of participants from across the region, indicates the importance of the event in life-long learning and technical competence in our staff." "This year's CTCE has been a great opportunity again for top E&P players in the region to share their expertise and experience with a focus on the imperative for adaptation in a volatile market. It highlighted the importance of Technology and disciplined Project Management so the region can compete in the world market and deliver energy at a competitive cost." "A must-attend event for the Kazakh oil and gas industry, it is the ideal platform for the exchange of professional experience and best practice among E&P professionals throughout the Caspian and further afield." "SPE’s Annual Caspian Technical Conference & Exhibition is a vital industry event that continues to allow representatives of the region to communicate with colleagues from around the world and share their views on the industry trends in the oil and gas sector.
Well RXY is located in Cairn’s Ravva offshore field in the Krishna-Godavari Basin in India. One goal for the field was significant crude production by means of a secondary reservoir section. This paper compares the results of gas identification and lithology identification using pulsed-neutron spectroscopy in openhole and casedhole environments. Acquiring data from an abandoned subsea well has been done before, but never quite like this. As I read through the abstracts and papers that have been presented in the past year, I notice several key themes: verification of cement placement, development of new materials as a barrier, development of new additives to improve the cement barrier, and enhancement of existing techniques.
Africa (Sub-Sahara) ExxonMobil subsidiary Esso Exploration Angola has started oil production at the Kizomba Satellites Phase 2 project offshore Angola. The project involves the development of subsea infrastructure for the Kakocha, Bavuca, and Mondo South fields. Mondo South is the first field to begin production, and the other two satellite fields will follow later this year. The goal is to increase Block 15's production to 350,000 BOPD. Esso (40%) is the operator with BP Exploration Angola (26.67%), Kosmos Energy discovered gas at the Tortue West prospect in Block C-8 offshore Mauritania.
Africa (Sub-Sahara) Eni announced an oil discovery in Block 15/06 offshore Angola in the Kalimba exploration prospect that is estimated to contain between 230 and 300 million bbl of light oil in place. The Kalimba-1 NFW well, which led to the discovery, is located approximately 150 km off the coast. The well was drilled in a depth of 458 m and reached a total depth of 1901 m. The data acquired in the well indicate a production capacity in excess of 5,000 B/D. The discovery creates opportunities for exploration in the southern part of Block 15/06, so far considered mainly gas-prone. The joint venture, with stakes held by Eni (operator, 36.8421%), Sonangol (36.8421%), and SSI Fifteen Limited (26.3158%), will work to appraise the updip of the discovery and will begin studies to fast-track its development.
Wellbore instability is caused by the radical change in the mechanical strength as well as chemical and physical alterations when exposed to drilling fluids. A set of unexpected events associated with wellbore instability in shales account for more than 10% of drilling cost, which is estimated to one billion dollars per annum. Understanding shale-drilling fluid interaction plays a key role in minimizing drilling problems in unconventional resources. The need for efficient inhibitive drilling fluid system for drilling operations in unconventional resources is growing. This study analyzes different drilling fluid systems and their compatibility in unconventional drilling to improve wellbore stability.
A set of inhibitive drilling muds including cesium formate, potassium formate, and diesel-based mud were tested on shale samples with drilling concerns due to high-clay content. An innovative high-pressure high temperature (HPHT) drilling simulator set-up was used to test the mud systems. The results from the test provides reliable data that will be used to capture more effective drilling fluid systems for treating reactive shales and optimizing unconventional drilling.
This paper describes the use of an innovative drilling simulator for testing inhibitive mud systems for reactive shale. The effectiveness of inhibitive muds in high-clay shale was investigated. Their impact on a combination of problems, such high torque and drag, high friction factor, and lubricity was also assessed. Finally, the paper evaluates the sealing ability of some designed lost circulation material (LCM) muds in a high pressure high temperature environment.
An Under Balanced Drilling (UBD) pilot project in the Heera and Mumbai High fields of Western offshore India was recently completed successfully. The objective of the project was to establish whether the technology can improve productivity performance in the reservoir section, avoid reservoir damage and thereby enhance oil production from the wells. This paper incorporates the drilling experiences and challenges faced during execution of this pilot project, the well design considerations and methodology, evaluation of the drilling fluid systems and also describes the tangible benefits of using this technology in the drilling of these sections and wells. In terms of the productivity gains from drilling these wells using UBD technology, through the sub-hydrostatic formations offshore Mumbai, the results were very positive. With the success and encouraging results from the pilot project, more wells are now planned, including wells in the losses-prone and depleted Mumbai High and Neelam fields, to incorporate the experiences of the learning curve.
The paper discusses a petrophysical evaluation method for complex tight gas formations in a mature and partially depleted gas condensate field in Oman, allowing a full petrophyscial evaluation as well as geomechanical modeling from a source-less petrophysical dataset, thus reducing operational data acquisition risk in partially depleted reservoirs without compromising on hydraulic fracturing design. The developed methodology includes the volume of shale estimation from correlation with Poisson's ratio for the feldspathic rich tight formation. This methodology was used in deep tight fields in Oman for more than 3 years in both vertical and highly deviated wells greatly reducing the risk, logging cost and complexity of operations.
Oil and gas exploration in the deep-water areas have become a global hot spot. The deep-water area of the Baiyun sag in the Pearl River Mouth Basin is an important exploration target. The area is a typical deep-water hot basin of a wide range of geothermal gradients. Data from a single borehole shows a geothermal gradient from 4.0 to 6.64°C/100m. High geothermal field has an important control on the reservoir diagenesis, pore evolution and porosity-permeability trends. We analyzed sandstone samples from the ZhuJiang and ZhuHai Group, which were buried in the depth range between 500- and 4000m, and display similar composition and textures. The samples can provide insights into the evolution of reservoir diagenetic features under progressive burial process. We also analyzed sandstone samples frome EnPing Group. In general, the petrological composition was the main controlling factor of reservoir quality. The high geothermal field led to a rapid decrease in the porosity and permeability of deeply buried sandstones. Howerver, the EnPing Group, which has a deeper burial depth, shows good reservoir quality. Compared with the ZhuJiang Group and the ZhuHai Group sandstone, the EnPing Group sandstone is dominantly coarse sandstone with more quartz grains, minor feldspars and rock fragments. The EnPing Group is dominated by primary pores, which has a better porosity-permeability relationship than other groups. The deep-water of the Baiyun sag still has potential for exploration. In particular, EnPing Group sandstone reservoir may become a desirable goal in deep and ultra-deep exploration.