For the second YEPP event in 2005, Wim Turkenburg, Professor at the Copernicus Inst. of Sustainable Development and Innovation Science, Technology, and Society Div. of Utrecht U., gave a comprehensive lecture on CO2 emission reduction. Thirty-six young (and some more experienced) professionals of the E&P industry in The Hague and surrounding area attended. In 2001, fossil fuels made up almost 80% of our world's energy consumption, and CO2 emissions are related mainly to the consumption of fossil fuels. Because western countries cause 58.6% of global CO2 emissions and the emerging regions in Asia Pacific are rapidly gaining ground, those consumers should take the lead in reducing emissions and their adverse effect on global climate change, he said. Energy conservation and the use of renewables would lead to the largest drop in emissions, but CO2 recovery and storage remains a good number three on the list of methods that should be tried, he said.
Stanford University's Natural Gas Initiative and the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) are calling engineers and technology developers to submit proposals for the mobile methane leak monitoring technology competition. The oil and gas industry accounts for about one-third of all methane emissions in the US, but with natural gas prices at record lows--about $3 per million cubic feet--the economic incentive to employ expensive leak solutions is reduced. Therefore, in the co-sponsored Mobile Monitoring Challenge, Stanford University and EDF are calling for promising solutions for methane leak detection that are rapid, low-cost, and mobile. This challenge will be an independent and peer-reviewed effort to test methane detection and quantification technologies. Selected teams will participate in single-partial blind study of controlled methane releases over a 3-week period in early 2018.
Offshore oil and gas installations are (by their nature) located in remote locations that are both difficult and costly to access. While such challenges exist, the operate & maintain requirements associated with such assets are consistent and must be addressed, requiring operators to identify the most efficient form of service to reduce staffing levels, risk and cost.
Offshore hydrocarbon production assets commonly incorporate equipment and processes that can lead to significant (fugitive) gas emissions. The consequences are both economic and social (environmental) in nature, requiring operators to perform emissions surveys with the objective of leak identification and remediation within the shortest possible timeframe. The frequency of this activity is naturally limited and must be balanced with the staffing and operating needs of the broader facility, which in-turn can lead to sub-optimal leak detection to fix timing and reliability.
Addressing the three key challenges of access productivity, detection reliability and results quantification, Worley has developed a remote sensing platform that incorporates the use of productive remote access equipment such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and in-situ monitoring, with machine based emissions detection and algorithmic quantification to provide a solution that allows the operator to increase survey frequency, obtain more reliable results at lower cost, and perform the work in a manner consistent with safe and low-risk operations.
In both testing and field deployments, the results have provided for significant reductions in both false positive and negatives and have produced datasets that allow for accurate indications of greenhouse gas reduction via comparison of volumetric emissions before and after leak repair activity has taken place.
The technology is largely mathematical, utilizing coded routines for machine learning to perform gas detection under (initially) supervised modeling conditions, and algorithmic gas dispersion models for further emission quantification. The performance of the survey is typically carried out through the integration of existing, proven manufactured sensing equipment across several types of UAV or in-situ monitors which collect field data for transmission to a cloud-based portal which further processes the results.
The approach has been shown effective in accessing hard or costly to reach areas, improving survey productivities, while the data processing and quantification allows the operator to benefit from improved measurability and prioritize leak repair accordingly.
Innovation is critical to the future success of the oil and gas industry (
As a way of addressing this, the TechX programme at the Oil & Gas Technology Centre has launched TechX Ventures in July 2018 – a partnership with Deep Science Ventures (DSV) – that combines deep science with engineering to create the next generation of start-up companies with technologies that will position the oil and gas industry for a sustainable future in a low carbon economy.
The start of the programme was a workshop held with industry, academia and the scientific community, to identify areas where new thinking and technology could open up significant opportunities. Three challenge themes were developed, each of which became an opportunity areas for DSV to address. These are:
As part of the TechX Ventures programme, DSV recruited thirty scientists and engineering experts from across the world to tackle the opportunity areas and at the end of the nine-month programme a total of six new start-up companies with new intellectual property were created and invested in by DSV. Of these six, two were selected to join the coveted TechX Pioneer accelerator programme run by OGTC in Aberdeen. These companies are called Eltera and Optic Earth.
As a result of the 2016 Paris agreement, the challenge of climate change and the imperative of moving to a low carbon economy has intensified. This challenge has been added to the traditional objectives of affordable and secure energy sources. These three criteria are the basis for the Energy Transition. Increasingly, investors, consumers and policy makers are looking to energy businesses to reflect all these criteria as the basis of their company culture and objectives.
This paper looks to explore opportunities for the UK oil and gas industry to further align itself with the drivers set out above and continue to promote investment into a sector that is key to delivering the Energy Transition:
Improved communication of carbon reduction and mitigation efforts at both a national and global level Increased collaborative efforts aimed at reducing emissions resulting from exploration and production offshore The potential for UKCS oil & gas companies’ involvement in carbon mitigation and storage
Improved communication of carbon reduction and mitigation efforts at both a national and global level
Increased collaborative efforts aimed at reducing emissions resulting from exploration and production offshore
The potential for UKCS oil & gas companies’ involvement in carbon mitigation and storage
Over recent years, the offshore UKCS oil and gas sector has focused on improving cost efficiency in its offshore operations. This implies a commitment to continuously improve environmental performance despite the challenges of doing so in a maturing oil and gas basin, where maximising economic recovery from fields requires greater effort. Notwithstanding these challenges, the overall long-term trends in environmental performance are improving as a result of efforts by the industry.
Moving forwards, the benefits of effective emissions management will continue to intensify, beyond the regulatory requirements of environmental protection, as a result of two key drivers:
To maintain investor and public confidence – reducing both the carbon footprint of operations and carbon intensity of products used by consumers, will help position companies for a lower carbon economy. The business case - EU ETS Phase IV is modelled to cost the sector £2.2 billion from 2021 to 2030 as the cost of allowances is projected to increase combined with the reduction in free allowances. Therefore, reducing emissions at installations will continue to be imperative for improved environment performance as well as the continued economic viability of the installation.
To maintain investor and public confidence – reducing both the carbon footprint of operations and carbon intensity of products used by consumers, will help position companies for a lower carbon economy.
The business case - EU ETS Phase IV is modelled to cost the sector £2.2 billion from 2021 to 2030 as the cost of allowances is projected to increase combined with the reduction in free allowances. Therefore, reducing emissions at installations will continue to be imperative for improved environment performance as well as the continued economic viability of the installation.
The sector must therefore continue to adapt to these ongoing fundamental changes that are taking place in energy supply more widely. As with any industry, businesses need to respond to shifting economic and societal demands and the consequent changes in energy needs. Hence, the effective management of emissions must proliferate through both operations (exploration, production and transportation of hydrocarbons), and use of the products delivered.
The major challenge facing society in the 21st century is to improve the quality of life for all citizens in an egalitarian way, by providing sufficient food, shelter, energy and other resources for a healthy meaningful life, whilst at the same time decarbonizing anthropogenic activity to provide a safe global climate. This means limiting the temperature rise to below 2 C. Currently, spreading wealth and health across the globe is dependent on growing the GDP of all countries. This is driven by the use of energy, which until recently has mostly derived from fossil fuel, though a number of countries have shown a decoupling of GDP growth and greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector through rapid increases in low carbon energy generation. Nevertheless, as low carbon energy technologies are implemented over the coming decades, fossil fuels will continue to have a vital role in providing energy to drive the global economy. Considering the current level of energy consumption and projected implementation rates of low carbon energy production, a considerable quantity of fossil fuels will still be used, and to avoid emissions of GHG, carbon capture and storage (CCS) on an industrial scale will be required. In addition, the IPCC estimate that large scale GHG removal from the atmosphere is required using technologies such as Bioenergy CCS to achieve climate safety. In this paper we estimate the amount of carbon dioxide that will have to be captured and stored, the storage volume and infrastructure required if we are to achieve both the energy consumption and GHG emission goals. By reference to the UK we conclude that the oil and gas production industry alone has the geological and engineering expertise and global reach to find the geological storage structures and build the facilities, pipelines and wells required. Here we consider why and how oil and gas companies will need to morph into hydrocarbon production and carbon dioxide storage enterprises, and thus be economically sustainable businesses in the long term, by diversifying in and developing this new industry.
Alkadi, Nasr (Energy Innovation Center, BHGE) | Chow, Jon (Measurement and Sensing, BHGE) | Howe, Katy (Energy Innovation Center, BHGE) | Potyrailo, Radislav (GE Research) | Abdilghanie, Ammar (Energy Innovation Center, BHGE) | Jayaraman, Balaji (Oklahoma State University) | Allamraju, Rakshit (Oklahoma State University) | Westerheide, John (Energy Innovation Center, BHGE) | Corcoran, John 6 (Measurement and Sensing, BHGE) | Di Filippo, Valeria (Energy Innovation Center, BHGE) | Kazempoor, Pejman (Energy Innovation Center, BHGE) | Zoghbi, Bilal (Energy Innovation Center, BHGE) | El-Messidi, Ashraf (Measurement and Sensing, BHGE) | Zhang, Jianmin (Energy Innovation Center, BHGE) | Parkes, Glen (Measurement and Sensing, BHGE)
This paper presents our progress in developing, testing, and implementing a Ubiquitous Sensing Network (USN) for real-time monitoring of methane emissions. This newsensor technology supports environmental management of industrial sites through a decision support system. Upon detection of specific inputs, data is processed before passing it on for appropriate actions
The oil and gas major has set aside $100 million to fund projects that will deliver new greenhouse gas emissions reductions in its upstream oil and gas operations. The emissions intensity of upstream Canadian oil sands production will continue to decline in coming years, falling to 30% below 2009 levels by 2030, a new report by business information provider IHS Markit says. On 26 April 2018, Canada's minister of environment and climate change announced new regulations under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, to reduce methane emissions in the oil and gas sector by almost half.
US Shale Firms Put Up $16.5 Million To Build West Texas Charter Schools Twenty top US energy companies agreed to contribute $16.5 million to open new schools in West Texas, where an influx of oil and gas workers have strained schools, roads, and other civic services. The production of oil and natural gas in West Texas is booming, but it’s coming at a cost to residents who are regularly exposed to unhealthy levels of air pollution, according to a report issued by an environmental group. San Antonio-based Petro Waste Environmental (PWE) announced the opening of its newest state-of-the-art nonhazardous oil and gas waste landfill facility in Howard County, Texas. Milestone Environmental Services has announced the ground breaking for its new oilfield waste-disposal facility south of Midland, Texas.
OSHA still has a lot of items on its regulatory agenda for 2017-2018, despite President Trump's plans to shrink the agency. The government of Canada has released its proposal for the first federal regulations on greenhouse gas emissions applicable specifically to the upstream oil and gas sector. Canadian regulators are formally proposing rules to reduce methane pollution from the oil and natural gas sector.