The problem of groundwater pollution is probably one of the most worrying aspects of deterioration of environment. Underground layers we often see groundwater and other resources get polluted by oil and gas seepage into them. This oil which might also penetrate from surface to underground resources and pollute not only water but also sometimes degrade the quality of soil. So, detection of oil spills underground is very necessary as it can affect the biosphere balance. Oil spills nowadays are easily detected on land and in marine environment through the use of remote applications such as laser Fluor sensors, radars, satellites etc. but it is very difficult to detect oil spills underground and at this stage generally done through Ground penetrating Radars and Electricity Resistivity Imaging which prove to be very costly and time consuming. This Paper proposes the use of ND-YAG laser to detect underground oil spills that may occur from underground oil storage tanks present at refinery sites. Our main motive here is to generate a Cluster group of microwaves which would serve our purpose of surveying clearly our area of interest. The idea is that microwaves will be reflected whenever they will be in contact with high resistivity. Since being a poor conductor of electricity, the hydrocarbon will show higher resistivity. With this proposal we have an advantage that, unwanted diffusion of group of microwaves doesn't take place in this case as we are using microwaves directly after its generation from laser. Firstly, we generate a plasma state which further generates microwaves. Then these microwaves are focused on our area of interest that will be area surrounding the underground oil storing tanks. Reflected signals are recorded on receiving antenna and in this way, we will be recording the time taken by wave to revert back. Through these measurements we will be finding the depth at which a hydrocarbon is present. In this paper complete methodology of the process has been presented. Further work in this field can save our money and can lead us to heaven. Keeping this point in mind the paper has been designed
Leveraging dry wave monitoring technology to detect oil spills can contribute to quicker and more costeffective oil spill rescue operations than leveraging in-water solutions or laser technology. Using X-band radar-based technology in combination with infrared-cameras is a proven method which supports both oilspill surveillance and response. This technical paper highlights the physical material properties that make oil spill detection possible with a combined system of x-band radar technology and infrared cameras.
Long-term studies of oil spill responders are urgently needed as oil spills continue to occur. To this end, the prospective Deepwater Horizon (DWH) Oil Spill Coast Guard Cohort study was established . DWH oil spill responders and nonresponders who were members of the US Coast guard were included. A team of researchers from the University of Houston is working with the oil industry to develop new ways to predict when an offshore drilling rig is at risk for a potentially catastrophic accident.
Norwegian suppliers Framo, Maritime Partner, Norbit Aptomar, and NorLense have come together to create the Oil Spill Recovery Vessel Group to offer a complete oil-spill-response solution. Workers who were likely exposed to dispersants while cleaning up the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill experienced a range of health symptoms including cough and wheeze and skin and eye irritation, according to scientists at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) is cracking down on smaller violations in the crude oil, petroleum, and hazardous liquid industries to combat a slow rise in the number of pipeline accidents. Natural source zone depletion (NSZD) is the new technical term for naturally occurring biodegradation processes that reduce petroleum, nonaqueous-phase liquids (NAPL) from the subsurface. The appeals court ruled that, while regrettable, the fact that the spill occurred does not mean that ExxonMobil violated pipeline integrity regulations for risk assessment.
Ugandan farmer James Mubona, 73, looked pensive as he sat in a blue plastic chair under a mango tree next to three of his four wives, one breastfeeding a 5-month-old baby, contemplating the imminent loss of his 22-acre farm to an oil pipeline. The construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline sparked a broad, clamorous online debate on social media platforms. But was there a communications gap between the opponents and proponents of the pipeline on Twitter? A US appeals court overturned a district court’s preliminary injunction that prevented construction on part of Energy Transfer Partners' Bayou Bridge crude oil pipeline in the Atchafalaya Basin of Louisiana. The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) is cracking down on smaller violations in the crude oil, petroleum, and hazardous liquid industries to combat a slow rise in the number of pipeline accidents.
A report from Norway’s Auditor General criticizes several aspects of the way health, safety, and the environment in the Norwegian oil and gas industry is followed up by the Petroleum Safety Authority Norway. Norway has invited companies to submit bids to use subsea reservoirs to store carbon dioxide near the country’s largest oil and gas field, Troll. Statoil To Become Equinor, Dropping'Oil' To Attract Young Talent Shareholders in Norway’s largest company, Statoil, approve the board’s proposal to drop “oil” from its name as its seeks to diversify its business and attract young talent concerned about fossil fuels’ impact on climate change. But serious personal injuries are growing, while feedback on the working environment, the HSE climate and perceived risk is moving in the wrong direction. Norwegian suppliers Framo, Maritime Partner, Norbit Aptomar, and NorLense have come together to create the Oil Spill Recovery Vessel Group to offer a complete oil-spill-response solution.
Well integrity and well barriers have been part of the exploitation for oil and gas for nearly a century, with the introduction of the blowout preventer (BOP) in the 1920s. In response to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon incident that claimed the lives of 11 men and led to the worst oil spill in United States history, the offshore industry devised new technologies and methods that would allow for a quicker response in the US Gulf of Mexico.
Just as Nigeria gets to grips with militants who brought the nation’s oil industry to its knees a few years ago, another group of longstanding foes are slowly making a comeback: thieves. Recently, Nigeria's Department of Petroleum Resources issued guidelines in furtherance of the objectives of the Flare Gas (Prevention of Waste and Pollution) Regulations, 2018. Nigerian militants threatened on 17 January to attack offshore oil facilities within days, raising fears of a repeat of a 2016 wave of violence that helped push Africa’s biggest economy into recession. Is Crude Oil Killing Children in Nigeria? A recent report by a group of scientists at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland found that children born within 10 km of an oil spill were twice as likely to die in their first month.
The updated document offers an introductory overview of the broad topics of oil spill preparedness and response and provides signposting and hyperlinks to a full range of materials from IPIECA and the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers. The guidance focuses on the business purpose of health services in the oil and gas sector and the additional value that effective leadership around health and human performance can bring. SPE signed agreements with two leading industry associations to promote knowledge sharing and best practice in social responsibility. The International Association of Oil and Gas Producers recently released the second edition of Report 456, Process Safety—Recommended Practice on Key Performance Indicators. The report provides guidance on identifying leading and lagging process-safety KPIs for the upstream oil and gas industry.
Weights used in the original construction of TransCanada’s Keystone Pipeline in South Dakota were identified as a preliminary cause of the failure that resulted in a 210,000-gal spill in November. SPE's report on Worst Case Discharge is designed to help US offshore operators calculate WCD to comply with the BOEM definition. The burning of oil in place (in situ) on water is a viable means of mitigating the impact of marine oil spills. This paper examines decision criteria and safe practices for deploying this method in both icy and warm conditions.