Cianella, Roberto (Secretariat of the Committee for the Safety of Offshore Operations) | Ferrari, Marco (University of Bologna) | Macini, Paolo (University of Bologna) | Mesini, Ezio (University of Bologna & Committee for the Safety of Offshore Operations)
Currently, in the European Union (EU) law, the Directive 2013/30/EU concerning the safety of offshore operations in the Oil and Gas industry is in force. The European Commission, by means of this legislative instrument, fixed the minimum safety standards for the prospection, research and production of hydrocarbons in offshore environments. In 2015, thanks to the transposition of this Directive, the Italian government adapted to the European legislative framework in terms of safety of offshore Oil and Gas activities.
The main innovative aspect introduced in the Italian transposition Decree is the institution, by governmental appointment, of the Committee for the Safety of Offshore Operations (CSOO). With the aim of prevent relevant accidents in offshore Oil and Gas operations, the Committee, on one hand performs the functions of Competent Authority with powers of regulation, supervision and control, and on the other hand it is completely independent from the function of offshore license issue.
By transposing the Directive 2013/30/EU, it was possible to define the strategy for the control of the safety of offshore Oil and Gas infrastructures, providing the obligation for Operators to draw up a Report on Major Hazards (RoMH), which must be submitted to the CSOO. Aim of this report is to describe the technical peculiarities and the relevant performances of offshore installations in terms of health, safety and environment. In addition, to develop a detailed risk assessment, Operators are required to produce specific documentation such as the corporate major accidents prevention policy, the safety and environmental management system, the scheme of independent verification and the internal emergency response plan. To ensure that the safety and environmental critical elements identified in the risk assessment are adequate and the program for their monitoring is suitable, up-to-date and enforced, the figure of the Independent Verifier is introduced. Regardless of the verification carried out by this third party, the responsibility for the correct functioning of the systems undergoing verification is always traceable to the Operator. Finally, the task of defining and implementing processes and procedures for the evaluation of the RoMH and the relating documentation is entrusted to the CSOO.
Aim of this novel regulatory tool is to increase the safety level of offshore operations, by integrating the pre-existing legislative framework on the safety and protection of the sea from pollution, which in Italy has so far guaranteed the achievement of high safety levels for workers and the environment. Thanks to a meticulous control activity carried out by the technical Offices of the Italian Ministry of Economic Development, it was possible to achieve this goal. The evaluation, performed by means of a public consultation (started in September 2018 and closed at the end of December 2018), is assessing whether the Offshore Safety Directive, as implemented by Member States, has achieved the objective to ensure safe operations.
Finally, the paper highlights the major discussion points that should be considered in assessing the common experiences of European Competent Authorities.
The inaugural SPE Asia Pacific Wells Week serves as the avenue for the wells fraternity to exchange critical and timely technical knowledge on industry challenges to achieve cost effectiveness and pursue best practice. This event is exclusively curated for professionals who are involved in the areas of wells construction, intervention and abandonment. SPE Asia Pacific Wells Week provides an opportune platform for participants to network with, exchange ideas and learn from peers in the wells community. Participants will gain valuable insights on efficiency improvements throughout the well lifecycle from industry leaders and technology experts.
SPE Technical Reports address areas where SPE membership and the public would benefit from understanding the current technology and challenges. Each report is the result of broad-based input from subject-matter experts. Draft Technical Reports are prepared by a committee and posted for SPE member review and comment for at least 30 days. Comments received are considered in finalizing the report for submission to the SPE Board of Directors for approval for publication. Any SPE member can propose development of a Technical Report to the SPE Board of Directors.
The hydrocarbon sector is one of utmost importance to Nigeria’s growing economy. Ranked among the top 10 producers, the country’s hydrocarbon sector has remained the country’s primary source of revenue, leading to calls for a review of the workings of the sector. The momentous passage of the Petroleum Industry Governance Bill on 25 May 25 by the Nigerian Senate was heralded by many as a revolutionary step at creating a legal framework to address some of the perennial challenges that have plagued the oil and gas industry over the years. The American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE), the world’s oldest professional safety organization, has crafted an “OSHA Reform Blueprint” that details its priorities and vision for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in a time of political change.
Considering most of the rigs deal with human-machine interface systems, the role of human factors is at the heart of any successful operation. Eye-tracking technology can be useful in real-time operation centers where ocular movement data can improve the professionals’ performance. Environmentalists have sued a US agency to try to stop it from allowing oil and gas drilling on a vast stretch of federal land in Nevada, where the government is reversing protections put in place 9 months ago under the Obama administration. Two months after a Colorado home exploded near an Anadarko well, the reverberations are still rattling the oil industry, driving down driller shares and raising fears of a regulatory backlash. More than 100 members of Congress are urging the Trump administration not to open up the Atlantic or Pacific oceans for oil and gas drilling as part of the Interior Department’s review of federal offshore policies.
An improved occupational health and safety system comes into effect on 1 June to better protect Alberta workers and ensure they have the same rights as other Canadians. The Alberta Energy Regulator has issued two draft directives that will require upstream oil and gas operators to reduce methane emissions from upstream oil and gas sites by 45% from 2014 levels by 2025. On 16 June 2017, the Alberta Oil Sands Advisory Group released its report Recommendations on Implementation of the Oil Sands Emissions Limit Established by the Alberta Climate Leadership Plan.
Safety risks of drilling operations are widespread, with potentially significant consequences. Managing these safety risks is key, and intelligent safety risk software can help. This paper introduces dynamic risk modeling and reports on a 2016 proof-of-concept demonstration of the emergent capability.
The normalization of deviance is a major organizational cultural issue that is modeled and enabled by poor leadership and filters down through the organization with disastrous consequences for safety and operations. Safety technologies, procedures, policies, and programs have all evolved, yet there still remains a lot of work to do in many industries and workplaces to transform safety behaviors and attitudes.
Kentucky lawmakers have introduced House Bill 199 to plug orphaned oil and gas wells and abandoned storage tanks that threaten health, safety, and the environment. Colorado Gov. John Hickenlooper has announced a 7-part plan to improve safety, with plugging of orphan wells at the top of the list. You’ve heard about the earthquakes; the controversial claims of flammable tap water; and the potential contamination of streams, lakes, and drinking water aquifers, but the system that’s supposed to pay for these calamities may itself be a pending disaster.
Considering most of the rigs deal with human-machine interface systems, the role of human factors is at the heart of any successful operation. Eye-tracking technology can be useful in real-time operation centers where ocular movement data can improve the professionals’ performance. The Step Change in Safety Human Factors Workgroup strives to improve basic knowledge and understanding of human factors to ensure related risks are managed and controlled properly. The objective of this paper is to highlight the ability to do this proactively through engagement with the workforce. There are downsides to a "hearts and minds" behavioral safety approach.