Complex Toe-to-Heel Flooding (CTTHF) is a short distance flooding technique developed by the authors for sandstone formations. CTTHF applied on horizontal wells and requires at least one barrier and injector hydraulic fracture, also it requires at least one method to control early water production. This paper discusses the design aspects of the CTTHF including the design of barrier fracture, injector fracture, and the produced water control methods. Technical and economical evaluation to rank different design setups is performed and presented.
Advanced commercial reservoir simulator with hydraulic fracturing module was used to simulate different CTTHF setups and reservoir conditions to set the reservoir selection criteria and proper design methodology. In this study, Toe-to-Heel Waterflooding was considered the base case. Sensitivity studies for barrier fracture and injector design has been achieved and presented. Moreover, a sensitivity studies for hydraulic fractures spacing, number of barrier fractures, batch injection scheduling and changing packer location have been performed.
When CTTHF is applied in high permeable sandstone formation, early water production is expected, except produced water control method is used. This study states the feasibility conditions for each proposed produced water control technique. Also, a methodology for candidate reservoir selection, design of barrier and injector fractures is developed and presented. There are multiple fluid systems can be used to create the barrier to seal a pre-determined zone. CTTHF is better reservoir management approach.
The novelty of the CTTHF is giving multiple options for produced water control that maximizes the produced oil and minimizes the water production. CTTHF's produced water control can make some reservoirs economic to produce.
An experimental study of a gravity-driven downhole separator for a pumped horizontal or deviated well is presented in this study. It considers the effects of the upstream flow, gas and liquid flow rates and deviation angles on the global separation efficiency and the free gas at the pump intake. The efficacy of downhole separators is typically tested under steady-state conditions where the fluids are injected above the separator. A new outdoor facility, which allows the injection of a two-phase mixture below the separator was designed, constructed, and used in this study. Gas and liquid flow rates and deviation angle are varied to study the liquid holdup in the liquid-rich outlet and the separator efficiency. The experimental results demonstrate the effects of the operation conditions and deviation angle on the behavior of downhole separators. It is found that the separator has two regions of performance; namely, high efficiency region and a region where the efficiency decreases with the liquid flow rate. Moreover, the effect of the deviation angle affects the results. The findings provide conditions under which and where the separator can be operated efficiently in the field.
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Some of the trends and issues related to water management for tight oil and gas are discussed, including environmental, sustainability, and legislative issues associated with water handling for hydraulic fracturing. Some of the trends and issues related to water management for tight oil and gas are discussed, including environmental, sustainability, and legislative issues associated with water handling for hydraulic fracturing.
Statoil’s integrated operations center on the Norwegian continental shelf is one of several initiatives operators and service companies have set in motion to improve condition monitoring and maximize production on their assets. Industry CEOs examine the role of global trade with the UK Minister for Energy and Industry.
Will Blockchain Become the New Operational Backbone in Energy? Energy companies are looking to distributed ledger technology—otherwise known as blockchain—to help navigate the complex transactional systems that make up their operations. What is blockchain, and what makes it valuable to our industry? Statoil’s integrated operations center on the Norwegian continental shelf is one of several initiatives operators and service companies have set in motion to improve condition monitoring and maximize production on their assets. The company’s 31 licenses highlight a record-high total awarded during the latest APA round, which is aimed at developing mature areas of the NCS.
The next big wave of decommissioning and abandonment projects is set to occur in the Asia-Pacific region, and APAC’s operators are now tasked with finding cost- and time-effective ways of unwinding their huge agglomeration of wells and facilities. Water debottlenecking increased oil production by 80% and reduced the infield transfer volume by 62%.
Three papers selected from 2018 SPE ATCE look at the challenges and approaches to the treatment of increasing volumes of produced water. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present in crude oil can be released to the atmosphere from storage tanks, waste waters, and equipment leaks. A pilot-scale sequential biotrickling/biofiltration unit was designed and tested for removal of VOCs from a wastewater sump. Models were developed for these wells for future water-production prediction and a spatial analysis was also conducted.
The effectiveness of delivering information about a new energy project to community stakeholders varies based on the method used; how a message is framed can affect individual opinions. Models were developed for these wells for future water-production prediction and a spatial analysis was also conducted. This article explores the outlook for the global market and gives insight into technology trends and the regions that hold the biggest opportunities for water treatment.