This paper will focus on the application of lithium-ion energy storage solutions (ESS) for offshore oil and gas (O&G) installations. It will discuss the benefits that can be achieved by integrating energy storage in hybrid power plants, using the West Mira semisubmersible installation in the North Sea as a representative case study. West Mira will be the world's first modern drilling rig to operate a low-emission hybrid (dieselelectric) power plant using lithium-ion batteries. The integration of energy storage with the power supply and distribution system of a drilling rig represents an important step towards improving the environmental sustainability of the offshore oil and gas industry by reducing emissions and paving the way to harnessing clean but intermittent renewables, such as offshore wind. Offshore rigs have highly variable power consumption for drilling and dynamic positioning. By incorporating energy storage, it is possible to reduce the runtime of combustion engines and also keep them operating on an optimized combustion level. The installation of an ESS on West Mira will result in an estimated 42% reduction in the runtime of on-platform diesel engines, reducing CO2 emissions by 15 percent and NOx emissions by 12 percent, which is equivalent to annual emissions from approximately 10,000 automobiles. The batteries on West Mira will be charged from the rig's diesel-electric generators and used for supplying power during peak load times. In addition, they will serve as backup to prevent blackout situations and provide power to the thrusters in the unlikely event of loss of all running machinery.
No matter what industry or activity, when a human is performing a task, there is a possibility that the person carrying out that task could make an error. There are numerous studies showing the contribution of poor procedures towards human error, which led to an incident, ranges between 65-90%. Process Safety Management legislation such as Seveso III and OSHA 1910.119, require the use of procedures when executing safety critical tasks and as such regulators have recognized the importance of having a set of good quality procedures as part of the management of human factors.
As companies begin to embrace the concepts of digitalization and big data, the main challenge still remains … ‘how do we make a step change in reducing human error in heavily paper based operating and maintenance procedures?’
This paper will provide examples of how poor procedures have led to human error causing across industry incidents, introduce the background to human factors with respect to procedures and explain some of human error categories to which people are susceptible. The paper will then explain the road map approach that the UK regulator (UK Health and Safety Executive) has adopted as part of their Human Factors Delivery Guide. The paper then shows how the energy industry's approach return these procedures back into a paper format, fails to take advantage of available digital technologies to make the step changes in reducing human error.
This paper shows that incidents continue to occur in all industries due to human error in procedures and shows how the drive from the regulator to perform Critical Tasks Analysis can actually lead to procedures becoming less useable (f these reviews are not performed correctly). The paper will then show how taking a digital approach to meeting these new regulatory requirements provides the opportunity to digitize existing operating and maintenance procedures, enabling a structured, efficient and auditable approach to theses assessments. The paper will also show how the adoption of the available digital technologies provide new performance influencing techniques that are not available in paper-based systems.
The paper will also show how emerging technologies such as Augmented Reality can further enable the transition to these new technologies and how big data, can provide additional continuous improvements in procedures, ensure appropriate competencies are in place for field workers performing tasks and also introduce significant efficiencies to lower operation costs.
Human error continues to contribute significantly to incidents in the energy and other industries. To address this, regulators, such as the UK Health and Safety Executive, are placing new requirements on operating companies to ensure the risks associated with errors in procedures are managed more effectively. The opportunity to make a step change in reducing human error, whilst also providing an efficient work flow, will lead to safer working environments, reduce potential impacts on the environment and also provide efficiencies for operation and maintenance teams, which will lead to savings in Operational Expenditure.
With multistage operations becoming the industry norm, operators need easily deployable diversion technologies that will protect previously stimulated perforations and enable addition of new ones. This paper reviews several aspects of the use of in-stage diversion. Significant production gains are being made with hydraulicly fractured wells using diversion to stimulate a higher percentage of the perforations.
The guidance focuses on the business purpose of health services in the oil and gas sector and the additional value that effective leadership around health and human performance can bring. IPIECA, the oil and gas industry association for environmental and social issues, has released a new fact sheet in an effort to promote carbon capture and storage. SPE signed agreements with two leading industry associations to promote knowledge sharing and best practice in social responsibility. An online seminar set for 14 November will introduce IPIECA's new Community Liaison Officers Team Building and Management Guidance. Three global energy industry associations have signed on to the Methane Guiding Principles to increase focus on reducing methane emissions across the natural gas value chain.
With a theme on Big Data, this year’s ATCE has plenty in store for young professionals. How Do You Approach Someone on LinkedIn or Other Social Media? Here are some do's and don'ts. For those who are in a job transition, networking enhances job search leads because it involves meeting new people and becoming reacquainted with industry colleagues. The Pay-It-Forward Networking Program offers industry tours, training, and panels to enable networking.
Oil prices seem to be on the rebound, employment statistics look promising, and the petroleum industry is slowly starting to flourish again. However, there has been a fundamental shift in the workforce since the beginning of the most recent downturn. Do Industry Young Professionals Risk Missing Out on the Opportunity To Understand Geomechanics and Its Value? Early identification of geomechanics-related problems is required to optimally drill, complete, stimulate, and produce from reservoirs. Academic institutes, the oil industry, and contribution from professional societies play a key role in recognizing geomechanics as an important discipline.
For technical innovation and skill progression for individuals and institutions, continual learning and exposure to new ideas is vital. SPE Certification provides an endorsement of an engineer’s technical skills and capabilities by a global organization that extends to anywhere you may travel or work—a highly desirable benefit given the global nature of oil and gas operations. For those who are in a job transition, networking enhances job search leads because it involves meeting new people and becoming reacquainted with industry colleagues. The Pay-It-Forward Networking Program offers industry tours, training, and panels to enable networking. This article features some of the SPE mentors who are currently accepting mentees, and they share their reasons for participating in the program.
The burgeoning population of millennials in oil and gas and diversified, global workforce means more engagement with social media will be necessary. How Do You Approach Someone on LinkedIn or Other Social Media? Here are some do's and don'ts. What is it like to be an oil and gas social media professional? According to Olivia Harting and Erika Conner, social media leaders at Chevron, it's fast-paced, complex, challenging, global, and requires constant learning.
Cross-energy analyst and cofounder of Energy Aspects Richard Mallinson discusses how global policy and geopolitics have continued to evolve with the prolific US shale production. The burgeoning population of millennials in oil and gas and diversified, global workforce means more engagement with social media will be necessary. Downhole drilling dynamics tools and software can assist in understanding the downhole environment, providing a meaningful avenue for drilling optimization. With rig rates running upwards of a million dollars a day for some operations, shaving even a few minutes off the drilling time can result in tens of thousands of dollars in savings. One of the fundamental ways a drilling engineer can achieve this is through selection of a proper drill bit.