|Theme||Visible||Selectable||Appearance||Zoom Range (now: 0)|
Digital twins are nothing but the 3D digital replica of a physical thing. They have been in existence since the days computer-aided design became mainstream during the 1990s. However, they remained standalone replicas for the next 20 years until augmented reality (AR) became prominent in the gaming and entertainment industries. As TechNewsWorld notes, AR—often referred to as mixed reality—is an immersive and "interactive experience of a real-world environment where computer-generated perceptual information enhances real-world objects." The technology expands our physical world by adding a digital layer and generating the AR.
Asset Performance Management (APM) aims to improve the reliability and availability of physical assets while minimizing risks and operating costs, optimizing productivity to increase return on asset investment. Traditional APM combines IT data and OT data with big data analytics to define a course of action that will improve business outcomes.
This paper introduces a new concept for APM, Visual Asset Performance Management (Visual APM), that adds an asset information layer to APM. A Visual APM solution uses navigable 2D and 3D models to deliver "living" digital twins of equipment, machinery, and processes. It creates a centralized information repository to provide a seamless, contextualized view of data.
This approach integrates interactive visualizations of equipment and plants with real-time data and analytics that teams can leverage to inspect asset health and monitor business performance in real time.
Visual APM represents a paradigm shift for conventional Asset Performance Management, presenting a new way for engineers, operators, and maintenance teams to interact with asset information throughout its entire life cycle to reduce CAPEX and OPEX. The ability to quickly access asset and plant information and visualize asset performance can help increase the overall health of a facility significantly.
A top 10 Oil & Gas company that has adopted this approach achieved the following results:
Cut maintenance costs such as corrosion under insulation by 10–20% Shortened the time spent in the planning inspections process by up to 60% while improving the quality of the planning Achieved overall improvement in the effectiveness of campaigns and minimized rework Reduced health, safety, and environmental hazards Digitized the input of inspection results through handheld devices Increased the accuracy of data captures in the field Enhanced reporting capabilities
Cut maintenance costs such as corrosion under insulation by 10–20%
Shortened the time spent in the planning inspections process by up to 60% while improving the quality of the planning
Achieved overall improvement in the effectiveness of campaigns and minimized rework
Reduced health, safety, and environmental hazards
Digitized the input of inspection results through handheld devices
Increased the accuracy of data captures in the field
Enhanced reporting capabilities
A cloud-based augmented reality system is presented which is designed to enhance the real-time collaboration of domain experts involved in modeling large reservoirs. An evaluation of traditional techniques is compared with this new approach. Work-from-home (WFH) scenarios are becoming more important and, in some cases, critical. There is a need to untether the geologist and other domain experts from high end office-bound workstations.
Reservoir models in recent years have become increasingly large. The volume of seismic, well data and modeling data structures presents a challenge in both management of the data and making it accessible to domain experts and others. The traditional practice of siloing data in various disconnected data repositories in various corporate data centers is becoming increasingly untenable. What is needed is a comprehensive approach that scales to the largest models and is accessible anywhere for time critical analysis and collaboration. The authors have created a prototype of a potential solution to this problem, where the model resides in the cloud and can be visualized in augmented reality either as a hologram through a head mounted display or through the AR capabilities of tablets and smartphones. This technology is ideal for WFH scenarios: it is light weight, inexpensive and does not require broadband speeds in excess of what most home users can access.
What we have found is that AR based approaches to modeling large reservoirs can rival traditional workstation approaches. Furthermore, AR based approaches are superior for close collaboration among domain experts. Collaboration on 3D models has not changed significantly in a generation. For co-located personnel the approach is to gather around a 2D screen. For remote personnel the approach is sharing a model through a 2D screen along with video chat. Over the years various attempts have been tried to enhance the collaboration experience and have all fallen short. Virtual reality (VR) has been proposed as a solution. However, we have found that augmented reality (AR) is a much better solution for many reasons which are explored in the paper.
The cloud has been transformative for nearly every industry. The oil and gas industry has been slow to adopt cloud technologies for many reasons that have largely been overcome. AR has already acquired an impressive track record in various industries. AR will have applications in nearly all industries. For various historical reasons, the uptake for AR is much faster in some industries than others. It is too early to tell whether the use of cloud-based augmented reality for modeling large reservoirs will be transformative, however the results of this initial work are promising.
This paper details the integration of a software drilling optimizer to multiple drilling rig control systems. The drilling optimizer operates via communication of auto-driller setpoints to the rig's control system, continuously adjusting parameters to be optimum to wellbore conditions, and detected drilling dysfunctions. The integration process with each vendor's control system requires planning and work on both sides of the integration to ensure seamless communication of data. Integration performed over the last two years with three different control systems from two vendors was completed using various communication protocols.
The authors found that when a centralized process management solution, acting as a data broker between applications and the control system was present, the individual rig deployment configuration and installation effort was minimal. The study showed when performing direct integration to the control system; there is an increase in the configuration and installation effort for each rig deployment. Each rig required specific customization by engineering resources from both the software provider and the rig control system vendor. The development of user interfaces across different platforms creates an additional layer of synchronization to ensure the user experience is consistent. By ensuring consistency in each implementation of the user interface, the authors observed a reduction in training for the field support teams.
The project concluded that there is a need to centralize custom and complex user interface elements to improve the usability of the application for the driller. With the use of a centralized process management solution, companies can now minimize user interaction at the control system to avoid duplication of effort in design and engineering. The standardization of hardware to run the drilling optimizer simplified the deployment process and improved business efficiency.
The lessons learned from these processes contribute to the overall industry initiatives around data interoperability. These projects have laid the foundation between control system providers and software providers to increase the efficiency of future projects that necessitate data transfer through multiple communication standards.
Qrain, Afra Al (ADNOC Gas Processing, Specialist, Asset Management) | Reddy, Ganga (ADNOC Gas Processing, Analyst, Technical Applications) | Jadhav, Satyaprasad (ADNOC Gas Processing, Specialist, Asset Management)
Plant operators and maintenance personnel form majority of the workforce in ADNOC Gas Processing. Ensuring their safety and competency is crucial. Over the past few years, ADNOC Gas Processing (company) has observed that a great deal of resources are spent annually on conventional training methods that are inefficient in terms of time, cost, and knowledge retention. With the advent of many technologies, Virtual Reality is found to be gaining ground; however, there are no clear guidelines on how to properly assess and select a one-stop VR solution that is sustainable and fit for the future.
This paper presents a review of VR solutions in the oil and gas industry through the development of multiple prototypes (proof of concepts) in collaboration with many solution providers. The objective was to: 1) Establish a learning experience and knowledge about VR main features, hardware, software and applications, 2) Evaluate the capabilities of various VR solutions in the context of field operator and maintenance training, 3) and develop guidelines or minimum functional design requirements for implementing VR.
Although all VR solutions shared similarities, there were some key differentiators that are considered success factor when selecting a one-stop VR solution. Examples of such factors include the ability to seamlessly convert CAD format to VR environment with high graphic and visual effects. VR should also allow the interactivity of 3D objects to its finest details, and render spatial sounds. Moreover, it should have inbuilt or integrated learning management system to record competency assessments of the trainees, and so many more as explained throughout this paper.
VR Field simulator is used in many applications and accrues several benefits such as reducing raining cost, improving people's competency, increasing efficiency as projects investment is recovered quickly, improving HSE as all types trainings can be delivered off-site, enhancing performance since it allows accurate off-site planning, and validates ergonomic design before commissioning
Human factors is a broad technical discipline focused on enhancing people’s performance in complex organizations where people interact with equipment and processes over time and across levels of hierarchy. Despite this relatively clear definition, human factors is still poorly understand and doesn’t yet yield the full potential that the practical insights and actions can produce. Despite a substantial effort on the part of many industry bodies, including the UK Energy Institute (EI) and the International Oil and Gas Producers Association (IOGP), to raise awareness of human-factors principles, with some exceptions in a few organizations, progress on implementation has been slow. Momentum is now finally building with the formation of the Human Performance Oil and Gas Group (HPOG), which is designed to be an industry membership organization modeled on the highly successful Dropped Objects Prevention Safety initiative, DROPS. Its purpose is to embed human factors concepts into practical organizational processes and operational procedures. There is a common misconception that human-factors skills are solely for frontline employees and once suitably trained, their behavior will change and performance will improve.
Virtual-reality technology offers immersive learning opportunities for an increasingly broad range of experiences. The Environmental Defense Fund revealed a new “find and fix” virtual-reality experience, the Methane CH4llenge simulation, which takes users into a digitally simulated wellsite to show the ease and efficiency of controlling key sources of methane emissions. The results of a virtual reality (VR) safety simulator and gaming experience presented by Lloyd’s Register at SPE Offshore Europe suggest that more needs to be done in training and understanding the daily risks of oil rig maintenance and operation.
The Health and Safety Executive, a UK safety authority, has served BP with an improvement notice regarding its training for lifeboat evacuation on the Glen Lyon floating production vessel, west of Shetland. Safety training must hurdle barriers built by people’s confidence in their misconceptions. The results of a virtual reality (VR) safety simulator and gaming experience presented by Lloyd’s Register at SPE Offshore Europe suggest that more needs to be done in training and understanding the daily risks of oil rig maintenance and operation. How much value are you obtaining from your safety communication and training efforts?
In process industries, major accidents can result in numerous severe injuries or fatalities. This study reviews the broken human factors and barriers leading to these events and highlights key aspects of a technological-risk-assessment processes. Considering most of the rigs deal with human-machine interface systems, the role of human factors is at the heart of any successful operation. Eye-tracking technology can be useful in real-time operation centers where ocular movement data can improve the professionals’ performance. The Step Change in Safety Human Factors Workgroup strives to improve basic knowledge and understanding of human factors to ensure related risks are managed and controlled properly.
During the past decade, industries have made tremendous efforts in developing robust and effective systems in health, safety, and environment. Now, companies are called on to focus on process safety as well. Considering most of the rigs deal with human-machine interface systems, the role of human factors is at the heart of any successful operation. Eye-tracking technology can be useful in real-time operation centers where ocular movement data can improve the professionals’ performance. What is the reality of risk in the hydrocarbon sector?