Field development decisions are directly related to the original hydrocarbon in-place that leads to proper estimation of recoverable volumes and establish project economics. Oil and gas industry has had pressure core technology that is available to extract and preserve cores from reservoirs near in-situ conditions to determine hydrocarbon in-place values. Pressure core technology is an emerging one and prone to incomplete or partial data acquisition due to design limitations and inadequate implementations. Simulation modeling tool, typically used for reservoir modeling purposes, can augment the underperformances in data acquisition with a lab scale core simulation program.
Noble Energy has developed a modeling approach that allows hydrocarbon desorption rates from a pressure core sample to be simulated by emulating the lab conditions. Early time fluid losses for various reason such as fluid losses while encapsulating the core or during transport via wellbore and to the lab are common. Late time fluid desorption rates are difficult to obtain due to the time constraint that exists for performing experiments in the lab since it’s limited to hours to days timeframe. Both early and late time desorption rates can be augmented by simulation that yields better estimation of in-place volumes and expected recovery values over time while honoring the lab measured data in between.
Pressurized wireline rotary sidewall coring used by the vendors can have seal failures and the procedures implemented would not provide assurance of zero fluid losses since the mechanical equipment has expected operational limitations. The data obtained from such acquisitions may be deemed a failed experiment or even discarded if the losses cannot be quantified properly. Simulation enhancement revitalizes the data acquired and adds value to even partially successful pressure coring programs.
Noble Energy developed modeling approach to simulate fluid flow from the center of a core plug to the exterior surfaces of the plug emulating the lab environment complements the lab measurements even the pressure core had issues during and after acquisition. Simulation enhances pressure core data that may be incomplete or partially acquired based on possible early time losses and provide extended answers for late time desorption by eliminating impractical lab measurement timeframe. Reduced uncertainty in original hydrocarbon in-place volumes will allow better valuation of assets and robust field development plans.
Virtual reality (VR) technology, which is the most immersive type of reality technology, can be used in simulating real workplace for occupational safety, trainings, and educational purposes. It encourages students to develop deeper understanding of content. In addition, it allows active learning that transitions students from being mere recipients of information to being participants actively engaged in the learning process. The implementation of this technology makes it possible to improve the effectiveness of the education by simplifying what is normally challenging to understand in physical classrooms. For example, VR can be used to help in visualizing and understanding the differences between different offshore oil and gas rigs. Field trips are one way of adding variety to instruction, thus optimizing teaching effctiveness while motivating student learning. Field trips help bridge formal and informal learning by connecting the students to the real-world experiences. Despite research confirming enhanced learning, sometimes it is not feasible to arrange the fild trips due to several logistical and safety reasons. This study set out to bring real-world petroleum facilities to the classroom with the help of VR technology in the Middle East campus. The goal is develop a tool that overcome the restrictions that are associated with the real field trips, increase the students’ interest and enhance their learning experience by using innovative teaching method in petroleum engineering courses. The developed VR-based field trips allowed petroleum engineering students to experience a range of field areas at a fraction of the cost of conventional real field trips, whilst forgoing restrictions due harsh climate and limited accessibility in relative comfort, addressing gender and disability equality within engineering education. Besides all this, the VR-based field trips allowed the students to access the reservoir, which is not possible in reality. Finally, the student feedback on the VR-based field trip demonstrate positive support of learning methods as it creates amazing experiences, and they feel it is exciting and engaging. In addition it also provided an effective way of emphasizing the learning process in petroleum engineering education and promotes active learning for new generations.
With the most recent industry downturn still fresh in many minds, the oil and gas E&P sector is approaching this recovery with a commitment to long-term cost discipline. As a result, augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) technologies are being adopted by operators and service companies alike as a means of cost savings while driving operational efficiency.
AR technologies employ enhanced visualization hardware, techniques, and methodologies to create new environments wherein digital and physical objects and their data coexist and interact with one another, enhancing the user experience of the real world (
Until recently, these technologies were primarily applied as enhanced entertainment products, most notably within the gaming industry. However, during the past several years, and thanks to the introduction of hands-free, head-mounted display (HMD) technologies, such as Microsoft® HoloLens™ and now HoloLens 2, AR and VR are migrating into the enterprise sector.
While the oil field has not been as quick to integrate AR and VR as other sectors, such as medicine, defense, and aeronautics, operators and service providers alike have increased adoption overthe past 12 months. Motivated by a mandate to keep operating costs low and improve efficiencies in terms of field processes, operators have begun implementing AR/VR applications as collaborative problem-solving, planning, and design tools.
For example, some operators are initiating ARconcepts to promote internal use development and prototyping for both oilfield applications and remote refinery inspections. Additionally, service companies are embracing the use of smart glasses and wearable technologies to help improve remote work and collaboration to help increase in-field safety and reduce downtime.
As part of its strategy to help drive the oil and gas industry's digital transformation, one major service provider is developing AR/VR applications to create digital representations of physical oilfield assets on the Microsoft® HoloLens device. One area of focus is the planning, design, and deployment of solids control, fluid separation, and handling technologies for offshore drilling applications.
Digitalization is the transformation of business models and activities through the strategic use of digital technologies. Despite technological advancements in machine learning (ML), artificial intelligence (AI), and virtual reality (VR), there remains a low maturity of digitalization across the oil and gas industry, especially in offshore operations. There are many roadblocks on the way to digitalization, from data silos to legacy systems. Operational inefficiency is one of the most painful byproducts of these problems.
To complete a single maintenance task, for example, on-site workers may need to access several separate systems to get the required data. They rely on printing out the information they need in order to complete the maintenance activities, and after taking notes on pieces of paper, they have to return to their desktop computer to log the performed tasks.
Not having the data readily accessible contributes to overall inefficiency, and offshore workers often run back and forth while performing maintenance tasks, increasing the hours they spend in challenging conditions.
This paper will outline an application design philosophy for oil and gas companies that combines academic and practical insights, an emphasis on continually testing products in development, and an overall goal of creating value.
This paper will describe how a Nordic software company is using the design philosophy to help an oil and gas operator in Northern Europe optimize on-site operations -- including increasing efficiency and safety -- on its offshore installations on the Norwegian Continental Shelf.
Specifically, the paper will show the software company ingested and contextualized operational data from the operator's assets and made historical data available for field workers via an application for computers and smart devices. This included access to sensor data and historic equipment performance data; all documentation related to maintenance, including procedures, drawings, piping and instrumentation diagrams (P&IDs), and maintenance logs; and interactive 3D models of installations and equipment.
After only three months, the crew at one of the operator's oil installations saw significant increases in the number of monthly maintenance jobs (up to 10% for certain tasks) and reduction of the time spent on certain routine inspections (in some cases up to 50%).
Virtual-reality technology offers immersive learning opportunities for an increasingly broad range of experiences. The Environmental Defense Fund revealed a new “find and fix” virtual-reality experience, the Methane CH4llenge simulation, which takes users into a digitally simulated wellsite to show the ease and efficiency of controlling key sources of methane emissions. The results of a virtual reality (VR) safety simulator and gaming experience presented by Lloyd’s Register at SPE Offshore Europe suggest that more needs to be done in training and understanding the daily risks of oil rig maintenance and operation.
The Health and Safety Executive, a UK safety authority, has served BP with an improvement notice regarding its training for lifeboat evacuation on the Glen Lyon floating production vessel, west of Shetland. Safety training must hurdle barriers built by people’s confidence in their misconceptions. The results of a virtual reality (VR) safety simulator and gaming experience presented by Lloyd’s Register at SPE Offshore Europe suggest that more needs to be done in training and understanding the daily risks of oil rig maintenance and operation. How much value are you obtaining from your safety communication and training efforts?
Considering most of the rigs deal with human-machine interface systems, the role of human factors is at the heart of any successful operation. Eye-tracking technology can be useful in real-time operation centers where ocular movement data can improve the professionals’ performance. What is the reality of risk in the hydrocarbon sector? In this roundtable discussion, senior industry executives discuss what happens when process safety intent meets the reality of operations. InterMoor, an Acteon company responsible for mooring, foundations, and subsea services, has completed its 10th straight year of operation without any lost-time incidents.
Wearable computers are turning heads in the oil and gas industry and appear to be on a trajectory for widespread adoption. At OTC in Houston this year many exhibitors used virtual reality (VR) headsets to engage with attendees. The unique visual and immersive qualities that make these devices great marketing tools are also what some in the oil and gas industry say make them powerful training tools.
Virtual reality technology has become a powerful training tool for companies looking to recreate real-life, on-the-job oil industry scenarios. At OTC in Houston this year many exhibitors used virtual reality (VR) headsets to engage with attendees. The unique visual and immersive qualities that make these devices great marketing tools are also what some in the oil and gas industry say make them powerful training tools.
An ATCE special session featured a range of perspectives on the importance of training beyond academic education in preparing new industry hires to develop long-term, sustainable careers. The newcomers to exploration are digital natives arriving at companies that need their skills to mine underused hordes of data. But those looking to get ahead have a lot to learn. While the slowdown offshore persists, this 96-year-old drilling outfit says that sharing its high-tech simulators with more of its clients will strengthen the business. Virtual reality technology has become a powerful training tool for companies looking to recreate real-life, on-the-job oil industry scenarios.