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Digital twins are nothing but the 3D digital replica of a physical thing. They have been in existence since the days computer-aided design became mainstream during the 1990s. However, they remained standalone replicas for the next 20 years until augmented reality (AR) became prominent in the gaming and entertainment industries. As TechNewsWorld notes, AR—often referred to as mixed reality—is an immersive and "interactive experience of a real-world environment where computer-generated perceptual information enhances real-world objects." The technology expands our physical world by adding a digital layer and generating the AR.
A cloud-based augmented reality system is presented which is designed to enhance the real-time collaboration of domain experts involved in modeling large reservoirs. An evaluation of traditional techniques is compared with this new approach. Work-from-home (WFH) scenarios are becoming more important and, in some cases, critical. There is a need to untether the geologist and other domain experts from high end office-bound workstations.
Reservoir models in recent years have become increasingly large. The volume of seismic, well data and modeling data structures presents a challenge in both management of the data and making it accessible to domain experts and others. The traditional practice of siloing data in various disconnected data repositories in various corporate data centers is becoming increasingly untenable. What is needed is a comprehensive approach that scales to the largest models and is accessible anywhere for time critical analysis and collaboration. The authors have created a prototype of a potential solution to this problem, where the model resides in the cloud and can be visualized in augmented reality either as a hologram through a head mounted display or through the AR capabilities of tablets and smartphones. This technology is ideal for WFH scenarios: it is light weight, inexpensive and does not require broadband speeds in excess of what most home users can access.
What we have found is that AR based approaches to modeling large reservoirs can rival traditional workstation approaches. Furthermore, AR based approaches are superior for close collaboration among domain experts. Collaboration on 3D models has not changed significantly in a generation. For co-located personnel the approach is to gather around a 2D screen. For remote personnel the approach is sharing a model through a 2D screen along with video chat. Over the years various attempts have been tried to enhance the collaboration experience and have all fallen short. Virtual reality (VR) has been proposed as a solution. However, we have found that augmented reality (AR) is a much better solution for many reasons which are explored in the paper.
The cloud has been transformative for nearly every industry. The oil and gas industry has been slow to adopt cloud technologies for many reasons that have largely been overcome. AR has already acquired an impressive track record in various industries. AR will have applications in nearly all industries. For various historical reasons, the uptake for AR is much faster in some industries than others. It is too early to tell whether the use of cloud-based augmented reality for modeling large reservoirs will be transformative, however the results of this initial work are promising.
Qrain, Afra Al (ADNOC Gas Processing, Specialist, Asset Management) | Reddy, Ganga (ADNOC Gas Processing, Analyst, Technical Applications) | Jadhav, Satyaprasad (ADNOC Gas Processing, Specialist, Asset Management)
Plant operators and maintenance personnel form majority of the workforce in ADNOC Gas Processing. Ensuring their safety and competency is crucial. Over the past few years, ADNOC Gas Processing (company) has observed that a great deal of resources are spent annually on conventional training methods that are inefficient in terms of time, cost, and knowledge retention. With the advent of many technologies, Virtual Reality is found to be gaining ground; however, there are no clear guidelines on how to properly assess and select a one-stop VR solution that is sustainable and fit for the future.
This paper presents a review of VR solutions in the oil and gas industry through the development of multiple prototypes (proof of concepts) in collaboration with many solution providers. The objective was to: 1) Establish a learning experience and knowledge about VR main features, hardware, software and applications, 2) Evaluate the capabilities of various VR solutions in the context of field operator and maintenance training, 3) and develop guidelines or minimum functional design requirements for implementing VR.
Although all VR solutions shared similarities, there were some key differentiators that are considered success factor when selecting a one-stop VR solution. Examples of such factors include the ability to seamlessly convert CAD format to VR environment with high graphic and visual effects. VR should also allow the interactivity of 3D objects to its finest details, and render spatial sounds. Moreover, it should have inbuilt or integrated learning management system to record competency assessments of the trainees, and so many more as explained throughout this paper.
VR Field simulator is used in many applications and accrues several benefits such as reducing raining cost, improving people's competency, increasing efficiency as projects investment is recovered quickly, improving HSE as all types trainings can be delivered off-site, enhancing performance since it allows accurate off-site planning, and validates ergonomic design before commissioning
Virtual reality technology has become a powerful training tool for companies looking to recreate real-life, on-the-job oil industry scenarios. At OTC in Houston this year many exhibitors used virtual reality (VR) headsets to engage with attendees. The unique visual and immersive qualities that make these devices great marketing tools are also what some in the oil and gas industry say make them powerful training tools.
For the upstream industry, where improvement in efficiency or production can drive significant financial results, there is no question that the size of the digital prize is huge. Wearable computers are turning heads in the oil and gas industry and appear to be on a trajectory for widespread adoption. At OTC in Houston this year many exhibitors used virtual reality (VR) headsets to engage with attendees. The unique visual and immersive qualities that make these devices great marketing tools are also what some in the oil and gas industry say make them powerful training tools.
In 2019, the oil and gas industry experienced 25 deaths, according to a new report released by the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers. This compares with 31 fatalities in 2018. The question is: Why do workers continue to get injured on the job despite federal standards interjecting? An analysis of existing wells in the Martin Linge field, conducted by Equinor when it took over as operator from Total, revealed that several did not have sufficient barriers, leading the company to plan new wells to ensure safe operation. The oil and gas sector has always been inherently risky. No matter how far mitigating efforts go or by how much technology improves, it is unlikely that risk will be removed entirely anytime soon. That being said, the sector has made huge strides in recent years to better protect those who serve it. Lloyd’s Register has partnered with STC Global to create an artificial intelligence tool expected to provide insight from incident data captured by HSE functions but left untapped. There has been an increased number of major accidents at industrial facilities globally as many have come back online post-lockdown.
Phase 1 is expected to be operational in 2024. Hydrocarbon processing and treating systems often require large and elaborate surface facilities. When operating in challenging locations, such as deep water or the Arctic, these systems can be expensive. This paper bridges the gap between operational petrophysicists and FTS specialists, introducing an automated work flow by which petrophysicists can conduct FTS jobs. Wearable computers are turning heads in the oil and gas industry and appear to be on a trajectory for widespread adoption.
Man has always been fascinated by a virtual world outside our reality. From prehistoric drawings to stories told around campfires. In 1838, Charles Wheatstone understood and described binocular vision which demonstrated that the human brain combines two separate images to infer vision. In 1935, seemingly completely separately, Stanley Weinbaum wrote a fictional story in which a person wears a pair of goggles to transport him to a fake world which stimulates the senses. Many of the technology leaders believe that humans will one day create a virtual world indistinguishable from our own reality eventually. Today we already recreate visuals, sounds, touch and even smell. Some companies are working on ways to merge 2-Dimentional(2D) interactions with 3-Dimentional(3D) experiences. Our industry is no different. Many planning and operational experiences have long been done in one way or another but with recent advances in digital technology, there is no reason not to recreate processes and procedures to ensure they are more efficient, bring more value and incorporate richer experiences. As technology advances, reduction in cost are finally making some of what we dreamed about a reality. From the way a geologist reads logs, the way we participate in morning calls while drilling or how we visualize field production and manage facilities in real time, collaborative platforms are evolving with fit for purpose technology.
The concept of a "virtual twin" presumes real-time software—a 2D, 3D, or virtual reality environment where the physical location is being dynamically copied to a necessary degree of details to create a synchronized wellsite representation. Virtual twin is a new concept for the industry. The authors demonstrate the power of visualization, cloud, and virtual reality technology to achieve operational efficiency. Examples demonstrated in the paper are unique and belong to rapidly growing and hugely hyped digital workflows to enable the rethinking of operations and change the status quo for the way of working in the industry. The authors describe three tiers of the virtual twin concept: tier one—planning virtual twin, tier two — dynamic virtual twin, and tier three—prognostic virtual twin. Several examples of concept implementation are demonstrated within oil and gas domains of field development, unconventional completions, drilling, and production gas processing.
Research has been conductued to explore the feasibility of applying new and emerging technologies to the shipbuilding industry. The goal of this paper is to assess whether problems in design, construction and operation of a vessel can be addressed with the adoption of existing technologies. The results involve applications and effeciencies afforded by new 3D scanning hardware and software for fast as-built modelling, improvements in 3D model review, communication with virtual reality and mixed reality, and the field of additive manufacturing and 3D printing to aid in rapid prototyping.
An internal study by an oilfield services company showed that 51% of injuries involved personnel with one year of seniority or less. New employee safety training was identified as an area of opportunity to improve safety performance. This paper describes a new learning methodology applied by the company to modernize and increase the effectiveness of new personnel safety training.
Taking into consideration that new personnel may already have some safety-related knowledge and skills is key to transferring the ownership of their learning to the individual, and by extension ownership of their own safety. The first stage is to extract the participant's current knowledge and then teach the required theory using bite-size chunks of content via videos and infographics. This is an adaptation of a flipped classroom concept, which allows the majority of training time to be used in the application of theory to problem-solving and case studies relevant to the workplace.
Using a blend of innovative learner-centered educational methodologies, this new employee training package encourages self-reflection, promotes collaboration and reinforces critical thinking skills. New technologies were utilized to support some of the key training modules. The paper describes how immersion in virtual reality hazard identification experiences including a rig, a workshop and a coil pad helps develop essential workplace situational awareness skills. The training content that used to include 586 slides, now has 69 slides, 17 microlearning videos, 10 infographics, 20 scenario case studies and 50 interactive activities. The paper describes how the spaced learning methodology has been integrated into the 3-day course to drive knowledge into the long-term memory of participants.
This inventive learner-centered approach empowers new personnel to take ownership of their safety performance by equipping them with a clear understanding of the control measures and mindset required to conduct their work activities safely. Using the spaced learning principles and innovative HSE communications tools driven by line management enables new personnel to continue their learning journey beyond the classroom.