Similarly, no conventional proppant can provide the required conductivity at the 20, 000 psi closure stresses (and higher) anticipated in the formations such as those found in the Lower Tertiary of the deepwater Gulf of Mexico. With the development of these reservoirs, whether in the GOM or other offshore applications, there now exists a gap in downhole proppant performance and technology. This paper will document and present the results of years of research prompted by deepwater GOM operators, resulting in a new proppant that has been developed specifically to meet these challenges. The step change advancements achieved by this new proppant will be presented, including technology improvements in both raw materials and manufacturing process. It will present unique proppant properties regarding shape, sizing and strength, never before seen in conventional proppants.