Sharma, K Kaladhar (Cairn India Ltd) | Mishra, Sudhakar (Cairn India Ltd) | Kumar, Pankaj (Cairn India Ltd) | Pandey, Amitabh (Cairn India Ltd) | Jain, Shakti (Cairn India Ltd) | Ghosh, Priyam (Cairn India Ltd) | Mishra, Lokranjan (Cairn India Ltd) | Koduru, Nitish (Cairn India Ltd) | Agrawal, Nitesh (Cairn India Ltd) | Kushwaha, Malay Kumar (Cairn India Ltd)
The Bhagyam Field development is part of the Mangala- Bhagyam -Aishwariya (MBA) development in the Barmer Basin, Rajasthan, India. The Bhagyam field is a shallow field with ~12B dip, containing good quality fluvial sand(s), medium gravity crude with a viscosity gradient (vertically) in the oil column and low water salinity (~5000 ppm). The field is currently being developed using down-dip water injection. The effectiveness of the waterflood will be limited by the adverse mobility ratio and reservoir heterogeneities. A polymer injectivity test was conducted in two wells with two main objectives: (1) to establish injectivity within the designed surface pressure, and (2) establish the ability to prepare polymer solutions of the desired viscosity using produced water for re-injection (PWRI).
Operationally, the test was conducted using a skid mounted unit with regular monitoring facilities in place. Surveillance activities included frequent spinner surveys, bottom-hole pressure measurements, fall-off tests and offset production well tests. Rigorous monitoring of injection water quality, polymer solution quality was carried out. An inline viscometer was used for continuous polymer viscosity monitoring. This was supplemented by periodic sample viscosity measurements using special samplers with chemical stabilizers. The test was conducted in two wells and important lessons have been learnt which would be incorporated during full-field implementation of a polymer flood in Bhagyam.
The injectivity test establishes that polymer injection is viable in Bhagyam Fatehgarh reservoirs. A history matching exercise was carried out using a sector model extracted from our full-field simulation model. The effect of production and injection in offset wells was captured in the sector model. Local grid refinement enabled us to adequately capture polymer rheology. The modelled rheology was found to be in close agreement with laboratory data. The production history of the wells in the sector and vertical injection profile of the injector well was incorporated. We obtained a good history match of the injection bottom-hole pressures.
This paper presents details of the polymer injectivity tests including bottom-hole pressure measurements, fall-off tests and production logging which were conducted during the tests. As PWRI was utilized for preparing polymer solution, the effect of additives to the polymer solution viscosity was also analyzed. The test included use of not so commonly used equipment like inline viscometer, special samplers with chemical stabilizers, preparation of high concentration mother solution and injection of heated polymer solution.