Integrating Production and Formation Pressure Testers Analysis for Field Development in Complicated Carbonate Reservoir

Matar, Omar (Tatweer Petroleum) | Al Janahi, Ahmad (Tatweer Petroleum) | Engineer, Yusuf (Tatweer Petroleum) | Ali, Eyad (Tatweer Petroleum)

OnePetro 

Abstract

For mature oil fields with complicated reservoir architecture, reservoir surveillance is key to track reservoir performance. Reservoir surveillance may include various monitoring tools from complicated horizontal production logging tools down to regular well tests. One of the main surveillance methods is running formation pressure measurement tools such as Formation Pressure Testers (FPT) or as historically known to the industry, Repeated Formation Tester (RFT). This paper describes the use of this important tool integrated with production data to understand reservoir production and depletion behavior and hence support the Bahrain Field development plan.

A study was conducted on the Ostracod and Magwa reservoirs; complicated carbonate reservoirs in the Bahrain Field. The Ostracod Zone is a sequence of inter-bedded limestone and shale in the upper Rumaila formation of the middle Cretaceous Wasia group. It is over 200 feet thick and consists of three main units: B0, B1, and B2. The Magwa reservoir is the lower member of the Rumaila Formation. It is 120 feet thick and conformably underlies the Ostracod reservoir. It consists of three main units: M1, M2, and M3.

The main objectives of this study are:

Evaluating pressure depletion from the initial reservoir pressure for each unit in both reservoirs, which defined the existence of flow barriers in this inter-bedded complicated carbonate.

Evaluating the relationship between pressure depletion in each unit and the spacing between offset wells to the FPT location.

Evaluating the Ostracod/Magwa pressure depletion per unit with time.

Linking the pressure depletion to the cumulative production from the area offset by the FPT data.

The results of this study helped define the depletion risk on the future infill opportunities in such complicated reservoirs. It also helped in locating highly depleted units and determining the optimal locations for the new infill wells.