New Workflow of Facies Modeling Based on Deposition Study, Seismic Data and Artificial Modification: A Case Study for the Mishrif Formation of the H Oilfield, Iraq

Han, Rubing (Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, Petrochina) | Li, Shunming (Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, Petrochina) | Song, Benbiao (Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, Petrochina) | Tian, Changbing (Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, Petrochina)



The giant H oil field was discovered in 1976 and put into development in 2008. The Mishrif reservoir has half of the geological reserves, and the current development challenges are greater. First, the sedimentary evolution is very complicated (inner ramp, lagoon, shallow sea, et al), the existing facies model is generally derived from rock type interpolation with kriging algorithm, and does not reflect sedimentary understanding, and is quite different from the actual situation displayed by seismic data. Furthermore, the variogram of rock types is also difficult to be accurate, resulting in poor fitting of reservoir simulation. Second, the seismic data quality is generally low, and its correlation with rock types is worse. If it is directly used to constrain rock type interpolation, the accuracy is generally unsatisfactory.

In order to solve these problems, this study first comprehensively studied the core, thin slices, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, electron probe and other data for sequence stratigraphy and sedimentary research. Secondly, based on the single well facies interpretation, combined with the inversion data, the dimension, spatial relationship and variogram of each depositional element were studied. Thirdly, the facies model was built using the Sequential Indicator Simulation (SIS) algorithm, and was manually modified zone by zone according to the sequence stratigraphy and sedimentary understanding. Finally, the relationship between depositional elements and rock types was studied, and the probability bodies of different depositional elements with different rock types were obtained. Based on this, the SIS algorithm was used to simulate rock types. Then this could be further used as a constraint to build petrophysical models.

The results showed that the correlation between the depositional elements and the rock type was obviously better than the inversion wave impedance. The artificially modified facies model could better reflect sedimentary appearance, and various static and dynamic data. The rock type model obtained under the constraint of the facies model also bypassed the problem that the seismic data quality was not good enough for direct rock type interpolation.

It was verified that with the new modeling workflow, the preliminary numerical simulation fitting rate reach over 80%. The facies model was then verified with water flooding test in H oil field and had good results. This workflow could provide a good reference for similar oilfields in the Middle East.