Dubey, Pranav (Indian School of Mines) | Okpere, Adrian (Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria) | Sanni, Gideon (Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria) | Onyeukwu, Ifeanyi (Flowgrid)
An optimized completion design that addresses gaps in the existing single well Producer-Injector (P-I) concept is presented in this paper. Field development scenarios based on the optimized P-I concept and conventional waterflood were implemented in full-field 3D simulation models.
Detailed review of the existing single P-I well concept revealed gaps in the completion design with regards to feasibility of data acquisition, ease of well intervention and well safety/control. The existing design utilizes a Single-String-Single (SSS) design with through-tubing water injection and oil production through annulus, whilst the optimized design is a Two-String-Dual (TSD) incorporating the flexibility of independent injection/production, zonal isolation for interventions & data acquisition and additional safety completion jewelries.
A fit-for-purpose reservoir candidate was selected by assessing it’s suitability to waterflooding. The reservoir belongs to the paralic sequence of the Agbada Formation of the Niger Delta basin - a sequence of interbedded sandstones and shales. The reservoir is an elongated anticline bounded by W-E oriented faults and exhibiting channelized shoreface sediments. Porosity and permeability ranges are 17-31% and 200mD-2200mD respectively. Shale baffles strongly reduces the influence of the aquifer hence the simulation model is an oil reservoir with weak aquifer completed by the P-I well producing oil and injecting into the aquifer in tandem. Performance of the single P-I well strategy was benchmarked against conventional waterflood patterns to effectively capture the recovery efficiency and production forecast for each scenario.
Results from the five-parameter experimental design based on the P-I strategy, indicate Ultimate Oil Recovery is most impacted by horizontal permeability; injection rate, flow barrier transmissibility and vertical permeability with the least influence. Dynamic 3D water saturation maps show the waterflood front propagating principally in the horizontal direction from the injector, providing important reservoir boundary pressure support and minimizing the chance for injected water short-circuiting at the sandface.
Ultimate Oil Recovery of 5spot/line drive patterns and the P-I strategy were similar, 54% and 52% respectively. Well completion costs and forecasts were fed into simple economics spreadsheet to test which technique provides the most value. Open book economics results showed the P-I concept provides better value (NPV 23.0 and VIR 0.67) than 5 spot and line drive patterns (NPV -17 and VIR -0.14).