Integrated Formation Evaluation for Cretaceous Carbonate Khasib II of AD Oilfield, Iraq

Zhao, Limin (PetroChina Co. Ltd) | Liu, He (Research Inst. Petr. Expl/Dev) | Guo, Rui (China Natl. Petroleum Corp.) | Feng, Mingsheng (China Natl. Petroleum Corp.) | Zhang, Zhaowu (PetroChina Co. Ltd.) | Zhang, Yaowen (CNPC) | Wang, Jun (RIPED, PetroChina)


AD oilfield is located in the southeast of Iraq and structurally it is a long axis gentle anticline in Mesoptamian foredeep. This oilfield is in the development planning stage. The accurate formation evaluation plays an important role in making development strategy. In this paper, integrated evaluations of major target formation, Cretaceous carbonate Khasib II were introduced with the combinations of available data.

Khasib II was mainly deposited within marine carbonate platform shoals and distributed stably in the full field with an average thickness of 40m. Based on the core data, four rock types are defined. Upwards lithology varies from planktonic foram micritc wackestone through green algae packstone to bioclastic and calcarenite grainstone. The porosities are almost same, about 25% while permeability varies in a large range for different lithology. Lower Khasib II planktonic foram limestone has no more than 1mD in permeability and no higher than 1ohm.m in resistivity while Upper Khasib II limestones have 10mD in average permeability and high resistivity. Reservoir spaces are mainly pores and vugs while fractures are not developed. Pore types are mainly intragranular pores, intergranular pores and intercrystal pores. Two throat types, the tubular throat and the lamellar throat are identified which are the major control factors for leading to the difference of permeability in lower and upper Khasib II. Test results show that lower planktonic foram limestone is dry and upper limestones produce oil which can be inferred that the low resistivity for lower Khasib II is resulted from the lithology rather than water. Reservoir distribution, petrophysical properties and fluid distribution for upper Khasib II are analyzed.