Video: A Novel Multi-Well Interference Testing Model of a Fractured Horizontal Well and Vertical Wells

He, Youwei (China University of Petroleum, and Texas A&M University) | Cheng, Shiqing (China University of Petroleum) | Qin, Jiazheng (China University of Petroleum) | Tang, Hewei (Texas A&M University) | Chai, Zhi (Texas A&M University) | Wang, Yang (China University of Petroleum) | Chen, Zhiming (China University of Petroleum) | Yu, Haiyang (China University of Petroleum) | Killough, John (Texas A&M University)

OnePetro 

High water-cut has been observed for many multi-fractured horizontal wells (MFHWs) in China soon after waterflooding begins. Available well-testing models of single well ignored the effect of adjacent wells on the MFHW, and they are unable to evaluate whether MFHW (producer) and surrounding vertical wells (injectors) are in good pressure communication. To fill this gap, this work presents a multi-well interference testing (MWIT) model to consider the interference of injectors and further match the interference pressure data.

The MWIT model is established to investigate the effect of multiple injection wells on transient-pressure behavior of the MFHW. Due to the interferences from injectors, the pressure and pressure-derivative curves of MWIT move down beginning with the biradial flow regime for single MFHW model, and pseudo-radial flow (horizontal line with the value of 0.5 on pressure-derivative curve) disappears. Sensitivity analysis was conducted to discuss the effects of crucial parameters on the pressure response, including total injection rates, unequal injection rates of injectors, well spacing, injector distribution, number and production of hydraulic fractures. When total injection rates are lower than the production rate, the pressure derivative will eventually stabilize at 0.5*(1-Σ(qIncjD)) during the interference-flow regime on the log-log type curves. Since only the positive number can be shown in the log-log graph, semi-log curves are also developed to fully characterize the flow regimes of MWIT. A novel finding is that pressure derivative also ultimately behave as a horizontal line with the value of 0.5*(1-Σ(qIncjD)) when total injection rates are equal or higher than production rates on the semi-log curves. The total injection rates and well spacing between the MFHW and injectors have a significant effect on middle and late pressure behaviors, whereas the number and production of fractures mainly affects the pressure responses during early to middle period. Type curves indicate that the effect of surrounding injectors are significant and cannot be ignored, and the novel characteristics provide potential application of the MWIT model to estimate formation parameters. Case studies highlight the application of the proposed method in effectively matching the interference pressure data. Interference-testing analysis of the MWIT provides a better reservoir evaluation compared to single-well testing model.