Compositional Simulation of WAG Processes for a Viscous Oil

Li, Dacun (University of Houston) | Kumar, Kamlesh (University of Houston) | Mohanty, Kishore K. (University of Houston)


The goal of this work is to develop a compositional model for WAG injection in a medium-viscosity oil, low-temperature reservoir like Schrader Bluff Pool in the Milne Point Unit, Alaska. Compositional simulation of WAG displacement with CO2-NGL and Prudhoe Bay gas-NGL mixtures shows that three-hydrocarbon phases form in situ because of low temperature. A four-phase relative permeability formulation has been developed by considering the mixed-wettability of the formation and the saturation paths. The simulation results are compared with the laboratory experimental results from the literature. The sensitivity of the laboratory-scale oil recovery to relative permeability, pressure and solvent composition is studied. The sensitivity of oil recovery in a 2D quarter five-spot pattern to relative permeability, WAG ratio, slug size is also studied. CO2 - NGL mixture is a very effective solvent for this reservoir. The minimum miscibility enrichment is more sensitive to pressure for Prudhoe Bay gas - NGL mixtures than in the case of CO2 - NGL mixtures. The oil production rate is sensitive to relative permeability formulation. Oil recovery is faster at lower WAG ratio and higher slug size.