Insight of New Eco-Friendly Acidizing Corrosion Inhibitor: Structure and Inhibition of the Indolizine Derivatives

Yang, Zhen (College of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum) | Wang, Yefei (College of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum) | Wang, Renzhuo (College of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum) | Chen, Wuhua (College of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum) | Ding, Mingchen (College of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum) | Zhan, Fengtao (College of Science, China University of Petroleum) | Hou, Baofeng (School of Petroleum Engineering, Yangtze University)



Propargyl alcohol, at great expense and with high toxicity, is often used as an essential synergistic component of corrosion inhibitors for acidizing; however, in our recent work, a novel indolizine derivative was found to exhibit effective protection performance without the synergism of propargyl alcohol. These indolizine derivatives were easily prepared from quinoline, pyridine, and several halide compounds via 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction. The derivative could prohibit the corrosion of metal at an extremely low concentration and fulfills the requirements of increasingly stringent environmental standards. The inhibition performance of the indolizine derivatives to N80 steel was investigated in 15 wt.% HCl and 20 wt.% HCl by weight loss measurements, potentiodynamic polarization method (Tafel curves), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS).

In the absence of propargyl alcohol, when the dosage of indolizine derivatives in 15 wt.% HCl is 0.1 wt.%, the inhibition efficiency of N80 steel increases to approximately 99% at 90 °C. The indolizine derivative shows a superior anti-corrosion performance at a much lower concentration than that of benzyl quinolinium chloride (BQC, a commonly used compound in current acidizing corrosion inhibitors), which serves as the precursor to indolizine derivatives. More importantly, these protective indolizine compounds behave better than the synergistic inhibitor propargyl alcohol. The reinforced active adsorption groups in indolizine derivatives could provide extra adsorption sites and fasten the inhibitive molecule to the steel surface, thus augmenting the protective effect. Here, a new inhibitive indolizine derivative is presented as an acidizing inhibitor that may also offer a low-pollution technique for corrosion prevention.