Estimating in-place volume associated with each well, leading to estimation of total reservoir in-place volume, is the cornerstone to any reservoir-management practice. Yet, conventional methods do not always lend themselves to routine applications, particularly when used in singular fashion. However, combining these methods on the same plot has considerable merit in that they converge to the same solution when material-balance (MB) -derived average-reservoir pressure is used in a volumetric system.
This study presents a systematic procedure for estimating the gas-initially-in-place (GIIP) volume when real-time surveillance data of pressure, rate, and temperature are available at the wellhead. Specifically, we show that log-log diagnosis, followed by combined static- and dynamic-MB analysis and transient-productivity-index (PI) analysis, leads to consistent solutions. Thermodynamic behavior of fluids is also explored to ensure that converted pressures at the bottomhole and measured rates have consistency and accuracy for reservoir-engineering calculations.
Layered systems were selected for this study because they represent most situations. Two synthetic cases probed issues pertaining to average-reservoir-pressure computation with the pseudosteady-state (PSS) approach, and two field examples validated the approach presented here.