Permeability Limits of Advanced Water Injection Technology in Low Permeability Reservoirs

Wang, Shuai (China National Offshore Oil Corporation Research Institute) | Tian, Ji (China National Offshore Oil Corporation Research Institute) | Tan, Xianhong (China National Offshore Oil Corporation Research Institute) | Wang, Ling (E&D Research Institute of Liaohe Oilfield Company) | Zhang, Shaohui (PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development)

OnePetro 

Abstract

The low permeability reservoir development effects can be effectively improved with the use of advanced water injection technology, which means the water is injected several months before the oil production. Advanced water injection can improve the formation pressure in advance, and establish an effective displacement system. However, with the increase of reservoir permeability, the increasing value of recovery tends to decline in advanced water injection. Therefore, it is necessary to study the permeability limits of advanced water injection.

In this paper, the laboratory experiments of the low permeability natural core from A oilfield were carried out, and the changes of core permeability, pore structure and oil displacement efficiency in advanced water injection were analyzed. Meanwhile, the changes of sweep efficiency and recovery in advanced water injection were figured out with numerical simulation method, and the effect of advanced water injection tested in A oilfield was analyzed.

The results of the laboratory experiments showed that, for the cores of permeability less than 10.0 mD, as the core pressure drops from 19.0 MPa to 17.0 MPa, the permeability declines by 15.0 percentage points. When the pressure is restored, the degree of permeability recovery is 2.0 percentage points. Also, with the pressure increase, the oil displacement efficiency of the core permeability less than 10.0 mD increase 1.2 percentage points, while the oil displacement efficiency of the core permeability above 10.0 mD increase only 0.3 percentage points. The results of numerical simulation showed that, with the use of advanced water injection in the formation of permeability less than 10.0 mD, the sweep efficiency increases by more than 5.0 percentage points and the ultimate recovery increases by more than 0.4 percentage points.

In addition, the effect of advanced water injection tested in A oilfield was much better than that of the conventional water injection oilfield. The daily single well oil production was 1.6 multiple higher than that of the conventional water injection oilfield, and the annual decline rate was 13.0 percentage points lower than that of the conventional water injection oilfield.

Taken together, the permeability limits of advanced water injection is 10.0 mD, and better development effect and higher recovery can be obtained with advanced water injection technology for reservoirs of permeability less than this value.

This paper can provide a reservoir screening criteria for the advanced water injection technology and can guide the further application of this technology in low permeability reservoirs.