Fault Trap Modelling and Calculation of Reserves

Zhang, Xiaomin (BGP/CNPC) | Zhang, Libin (BGP/CNPC) | Sun, Desheng (BGP/CNPC) | Lin, Jixiang (BGP/CNPC) | Kang, Haixia (BGP/CNPC)



The evaluation of fault sealing is an important step in the calculation of fault trap reserve. When it comes to the issue of complex 3-D fault trap structures and thin reservoirs, how to appraise and calculate the reserve properly and effectively is still a subject that needs further researching. In this respect, a certain rift basin that has experienced multi-periods rift movement and evolved in a fluvial faces and braided deltaic depositional environment has been chosen as the object of our research on fault trap evaluation and calculation of reserves. The method has been preformed in the following steps. 1) The tectonic evolution and the structural characteristics of the studying area are accomplished through 3-D seismic interpretation; 2) Based on the results of the well to seismic combination, the provenance direction sedimentary system interpretation and sedimentary evolution are completed; 3) On the basis of achievements of the tectonic evolution and sedimentary evolution interpretation, the 3-D fault trap geologic model is established by spatial interpolation. A certain method invented by Li Qingzhong is employed to forecast the fault trap reserves quantitatively. Moreover, this method can be described as follows. Constrained by the seismic horizons, fault data and sedimentary isochronous interfaces, the connected sand body units in every depth slice of the 3-D fault trap geologic model can be identified automatically. Meanwhile, their sealing degree and connectivity is appraised quantitively from the top slice to the bottom slice. Finally, through quantitative calculation of reserves for fault trap, the effective forecasting of reserves has been achieved. The results of our work have testified that this appraisal method can be applied to improve the prospecting accuracy and reserve forecasting precision of fault trap reservoirs.