Shell is progressing a portfolio of commercial-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) demonstration projects covering an array of technologies that target applications of close relevance to the wider oil and gas industry. The portfolio includes projects such as Peterhead, Quest, Technology Centre Mongstad and Gorgon. A number of key learnings on both the technology deployment and critical project development aspects for the different project phases have been obtained. This paper provides an overview of these learnings with a specific focus on the issues faced by CCS project developers.
CCS is currently recognised as the only technology available for mitigation of carbon emissions from large-scale fossil fuel use. Before the process can be widely adopted it must be demonstrated at scale end-to-end. Learnings for all different project phases from early assess through to operations of these demonstrators need to be captured and communicated. As additional facilities to existing hydrocarbon operations, CCS projects require an approach similar to the development of other oil and gas projects.
To help enable and support other CCS projects, Shell is also committed to knowledge sharing from the projects, often agreed as part of the Knowledge Management provisions of the projects.
One of the key observations provided from the demonstration portfolio is the need for regular and informative engagement with both the public and regulators as the project progresses. Early and successful demonstrations can provide the evidence required for regulators, project developers and the public to have the confidence to proceed with future CCS projects.
It is also recognised that cost reduction will be key in driving commercial ‘deployability’ of CCS. The Quest and Peterhead projects are ideally placed to enable follow-on projects to learn and further reduce costs. The Shell portfolio of projects has also demonstrated that the drivers for technology optimisation can differ depending on the end user of the CCS technology. There is a need to demonstrate different technology aspects, for example flexibility or availability.
This talk will focus on how these issues are being addressed in two of the different projects within the Shell CCS portfolio, and highlight the key lessons learned. Furthermore, the cost-related issues of CCS will be addressed.