Lessons Learned from Production History Matching in Single Cell Numerical Models in an Integrated Asset Model

Noguera, C. (Universidad de Oriente)

OnePetro 

Reservoir simulation history matching is one of the most complex and time consuming process, however, it ensures that the model developed is useful for forecasting and management decisions. By nature, an Integrated Asset Modeling model can be made up of hundreds of nodes, making it complex and difficult to manage if a proper methodology is not implemented to allow an effective history matching, especially when developing all the components of the IAM model. The purpose of this paper is to share lessons learned from a methodology that allows the development of reservoir models via material balance, proper matching of wellbore models and wellbore tests; calibration of the surface network and ultimately, history matching of an Integrated Asset Model, following rigorous quality assurance and quality check procedures. Issues addressed include: characterization of the reservoir-wellbore system, knowledge of main drive mechanisms, aquifer uncertainty, tubing flow assessment. The methodology enabled production history matching of 15 producing gas wells; ensuring that the IAM model developed is therefore a reliable forecasting tool. In addition, Simulation run time reduction was achieved by switching from a rate dependent constrained system to a pressure drop dependant system. Production history matching should precede any numerical simulation study, as it provides useful knowledge of the properties and characteristics of the reservoir-wellbore-surface network, leaving little room for adjustments, which constitutes an excellent starting point for numerical models; hence an IAM approach represents basis for the construction and quality check of more rigorous multi cells numerical reservoir simulation models.