Oluwabunmi, Kayode (University of North Texas) | Rizvi, Hussain (University of North Texas) | D’Souza, Nandika (University of North Texas) | Nazrazadani, Seifollah (University of North Texas) | Sanders, Steve (University of North Texas) | Hemmati, Vahid (University of North Texas) | Argade, Gaurav (University of North Texas)
The corrosion properties of PBAT/LDH coating on mild steel substrate was investigated. Tafel tests and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy tests (EIS) was used to analyze the corrosion resistance of the coating on the mild steel substrates. The morphological characteristics of the coatings was done using the scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET) and environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM). Buffered saline solution containing NaCl-0.138 M, KCl-0.0027 M at room temperature and pH of 7.4 was used as electrolyte in the 3 corrosion tests. The tafel results showed that least corrosion current density value of 0.315 (μΑ/cm2) was recorded for 50 % LDH concentration in PBAT. This suggests that 50 % LDH in PBAT was about 98.5 % more corrosion efficient than 1018 bare mild steel and 0.7 % more that the 65 % concentration. The EIS results showed a similar trend. The 65 % LDH concentration showed about 25 % greater impedance to current flow over the 50 % LDH concentration in both the nyquist and bode plots. The SVET results revealed that the greatest corrosion protection of the mild steel substrates was observed with 50 % and 65 % LDH coating. This proved that an increased concentration of LDH in PBAT could potentially improve the corrosion resistance of mild steel when in service in a phosphate buffered saline environment.
Metallic materials used in the biomedical field are susceptible to localized corrosion especially pitting when they come in contact with body fluids and other solutions.1 The phenomenon of corrosion, a natural process that all metallic materials irrespective of the service environment suffer from have been examined using different techniques.2,3 Various forms of protective coatings have been used in the past to mitigate this effect.4 The use of organic coatings has recently gained more attention in the medical field as an environmentally friendly and economical technique for the corrosion protection for metals that come in contact regularly with body fluids. Surface coating of many products have to be carried out not only for aesthetic reasons, but specifically to maintain the integrity of the metallic substrate during their service life.5 Poly (butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) an aliphatic-aromatic biodegradable polyester primarily utilized in packaging industry;6,7 was investigated for its potential medical application.8 The non-cytotoxic behavior of the polymer using different cation exchange montmorillonites as filler at less than 10% by weight showed that through cytotoxicity tests, protein absorption analysis and total blood counts, PBAT composites are valuable in biomedical applications.9,10 Though, low hardness values and inherent non-conducting properties makes it suffers rapid delamination when used as a corrosion resistant coating, it was observed that it possessed the ability to enable platelet mobility which improved its mechanical properties with (less than 6%) of layered clay11,12. Based on this, we hypothesized that, reinforcing PBAT with LDH fillers a type of anion exchanged clays also known as hydrotalcite, with a brucite like structure; having a general formula [MII1-xMIIIx(OH)2x]x+(An”)x/n.mH2O, where Mn represents a divalent metal, Mra a trivalent metal, and An- an anion will help to increase the corrosion resistance of PBAT and give birth to a new set of bioinspired coatings suitable for use in medical implants.