A System Approach to Marine Terminal Design

van Driel, M. (INTEC Engineering) | Meijer, A.C. (INTEC Engineering) | Liu, P. (INTEC Engineering)

OnePetro 

ABSTRACT

This paper summarizes the experience collected during various marine terminal design projects performed during recent years. Since terminal components are part of a specialized and well-developed discipline the design of these is traditionally often treated as separate activities in a mono-discipline fashion. However, while the applied technology has matured, and marine terminals have become an established alternative to fixed terminal systems, more and more clients have asked for assistance with the optimization of the overall system for their specific demands in an integrated multidisciplinary manner. As such this wellknown subject is revisited and the design approach re-evaluated.



NOMENCLATURE

CALM: Catenary Anchor Leg Mooring CAPEX: Capital Expenditure CBM: Conventional Buoy Mooring EPC: Engineering, Procurement and Construction ESD: Emergency Shutdown FEED: Front End Engineering Design ITB: Invitation to bid LPG: Liquefied Petroleum Gas MBC: Marine Breakaway Coupling MMA: Mooring Maneuver Area OPEX: Operating Expenditure PIT: Pipeline Inspection Tool PLEM: Pipeline End Manifold SAL: Submerged Anchor Loading SALM: Single Anchor Leg Mooring SPM: Single Point Mooring



INTRODUCTION

This paper summarizes the experience collected during various marine terminal design projects performed during recent years. The primary objective of this work is to demonstrate the benefits of an overall system approach towards the design of marine terminals, especially in the early phases of the project. A marine terminal, a Conventional Buoy Mooring (CBM), Single Point Mooring (SPM) or possible other type, consists of several main components, such as the mooring facility with associated anchors and PLEM, the offshore pipeline, the onshore pipeline, and the onshore storage and/or pumping facility. However, while the applied technology has matured, and marine terminals have become an established alternative to fixed terminal systems, more and more clients have asked for assistance with the optimization of the overall system for their specific demands in an integrated multidisciplinary manner.