This paper focuses on anti-collision best practices developed and implemented by Liberty Resources for horizontal drilling across pre-existing horizontal wellbores within the same horizon in the Williston Basin. These multidisciplinary collaborative workflows have allowed Liberty Resources to successfully drill multiple complex horizontal wellbores traversing as close as 10 feet wellbore-to-wellbore to existing laterals.
As the horizontal infill development of unconventional reservoirs progresses, complex wellbore trajectories with heightened collision concerns will be required. To achieve this requires advancing the industry's anti-collision standard practices with new and more precise anti-collision methods, detailed planning, and near perfect execution. In the Williston Basin alone there are over 13,000 vertical wells, 15,000 horizontal wells, and over 1,000 re-entry and directional wells drilled to date, with the first horizontal wells introduced to the basin over 30 years ago. Historically, the horizontal wells were drilled using a vast array of well designs and orientations due to the limitations of technology, industry practices and standards, and the insufficient understanding of the reservoir. Advancements in drilling and completions technologies and a better understanding of the reservoir now allow leases to be reassessed for infill potential. This increased infill development has led to increasingly complex wellbore trajectories with collision concerns not only for existing vertical wellbores but now also for existing horizontal wellbores within the same or proximal horizons.
The anti-collision best practices include directional and geologic planning considerations, operational tolerances and requirements including zonal determination, communication protocols, and risk management practices. Creating a broad framework that allows for flexibility to adjust for distinct operational constraints.
These workflows and tolerances have been implemented in three horizontal wellbores traversing seven same-formation pre-existing horizontal wellbores. The anti-collision method was successfully applied in both the Middle Bakken and Three Forks formations, each with their own varied and unique geologic characteristics, demonstrating applicability for a wide range of reservoirs. The ability to execute complex wellbores opens new opportunities to access additional resources in previously considered "fully developed" acreage.
The methods presented in this paper have allowed the routine drilling of horizontal laterals as close as 10 feet to existing laterals. This technology can be applied to a variety of reservoirs opening new opportunities to access additional resources previously considered unrecoverable due to existing wellbores.