Development of Evaluation System for Safety Management Efficiency of Shipping Company by Empirical Data

Kim, Hwayoung (Mokpo Maritime University)



Seaborne transportation is expanding in accordance with the growth of global economy and the increase of international trades between countries. Recently, as a result of FTAs(Free Trade Agreements) between countries, worldwide cargo volume by ship is expected to keep on rising due to the unification of economic zones. Such an increase in maritime transportation leads to a maritime traffic, and this poses a greater risk of marine accidents in a country’s coastal water. Moreover, such risk factors that are threatening the safety of ships’ navigation such as embarkation of multinational seafarer, piracy, changes in maritime climate by global warming and the like are in occurrence. What’s more, the mounting traffic of yacht and pleasure boats in littoral sea as a result of the increase in maritime leisure activities triggers higher possibilities of marine accidents.

To cope with such changes in maritime environment well, it requires higher safety management abilities & skills from shipping companies, the main subject in charge of the safety matters. However, shipping companies tend to acknowledge safety just as a form of cost without profitability. They particularly have more tendencies to be inactive in managing ship safety and investment during a dull shipping season. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a SMES(Safety Management Evaluation System) which for measurement of safety management level on Korean Shipping Companies and safety management agency companies by empirical data analysis. We have drawn conclusions with an actual proof analysis in the paper. First of all, we established database for evaluating safety management of shipping companies, and also classified shipping companies and their ships for evaluation. Second of all, we selected items for evaluating through questionnaire survey analysis to experts and constructed database. Thirdly, we developed SSMEI(Ship Safety Management Evaluation Index) for an objective evaluation process and calculated weighted value members for each evaluation item. Lastly, we evaluated ship safety management level for Korean shipping companies and safety management agency companies using constructed database and SSMEI.