Fluid Structure Interactions Between Waves and Coastal Structures Using SWE-SPH

Kanehira, Taiga (Hiroshima University) | Mutsuda, Hidemi (Hiroshima University) | Ardianti, Andi (Hasanuddin University) | Doi, Yasuaki (Hiroshima University)



Tsunamis cause tremendous damages and loss of life at many coastal areas around the world. The main purpose of this study is to investigate propagation of tsunami in order to validate tsunami run-up and inundation and assess ocean environment at shallow water region. We used Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics based on Shallow Water Equation (SWE-SPH) to reproduce the previous tsunami event. The results were compared with water elevations at the survey locations. Moreover, we applied to compute wave propagation and velocity filed around offshore structures such as a wind farm.


Tsunamis cause tremendous damages and loss of life at many coastal areas around the world. Tsunamis with destruction at spreading areas should be accurately predicted to establish evacuation routes and to find out safety locations at inundation areas. Tsunami inundation process at flooding area and tsunami behaviors become a key factor to protect coastal areas and to reduce number of victims. In particular, it is difficult to estimate wave deformation and its propagation at shallow water region caused by shoring due to bottom topography and coastline.

In general, wave propagation at shallow water region can be represented by Sallow Water Equations (SWE) and its computation is lower cost comparing with that of full-3D model. In Grid Based Method, to obtain reliable results dynamically, adaptive structured (Liang, 2009; George, 2010) or unstructured grid systems (LeVeque, 2007) were employed. However, the Grid Based Method needs to generate grids at complicated domains, and then it is difficult to compute water elevation and wave propagation at focused areas. On the other hand, in Particle Based Method, Rodriguez-Paz and Bonet (2005) introduced a shallow water formulation based on SPH method (Monaghan (1994)) with variable smoothing length, which treats the continuum as a Hamiltonian system of particles. And also, de Leffe et al. (2010) employed Riemann approach proposed by Vila (1999) to realize more robustness for computations. Moreover, R. Vacondio et al. (2012a) applied open boundaries conditions using SWE-SPH for shallow water flow to simulate flood inundations due to tsunami attacking.