Ensemble-Based Assisted History Matching Using 4D Seismic Fluid Front Parameterization

Trani, Mario (Geoscience Research Centre Total E&P) | Wojnar, Konrad (Geoscience Research Centre Total E&P) | Moncorgé, Arthur (Geoscience Research Centre Total E&P) | Philippe, Berthet (Total S.A)

OnePetro 

Abstract

An ensemble-based 4D seismic history matching case is presented. Seismic data are re-parameterized as distance to 4D anomaly front and assimilated with production data. The field is a large turbiditic system, with initial fluid pressure close to the bubble point. Production causes the pressure to fall below the bubble point, resulting in a widespread gas-exsolution. The time-lapse change in gas saturation is considered responsible for the observed negative relative changes in seismic velocity seen over the all reservoir. This study is innovative for two reasons. First, the distance-to-front parameterization is applied to the gas-phase which appears everywhere in the field, rather than coming form an injection source like in previous application of the parameterization. Second, the binarization of the simulated time-lapse anomaly is performed circumventing the use of a petroelastic model; the petroelastic model would be necessary to relate the measurements to fluid properties changes and to decide a threshold for binarizing observations and pressure. However, the effect of gas is so widespread and evident that the petroelastic model is replaced by a clustering approach based on the gas saturation change of the reservoir cells. This study shows that adding the 4D re-parameterized seismic data in addition to the production data is keeping a reasonable match with production data while constraining the overall gas distribution in the reservoir to the observed seismic data.