Improving the Effective Supporting and Fracturing Technology is the Key to the Successful Stimulation of Low-Permeability and Low-Rank Coalbed Methane Reservoirs

Wang, Xin (Key Laboratory of Reservoir Stimulation, CNPC Fracturing&Acidizing Technical Service Center, RIPED, CNPC) | Zhu, Qingzhong (PetroChina Huabei Oilfield Company) | Zheng, Wei (Key Laboratory of Reservoir Stimulation, CNPC Fracturing&Acidizing Technical Service Center, RIPED, CNPC) | Lu, Haibing (Key Laboratory of Reservoir Stimulation, CNPC Fracturing&Acidizing Technical Service Center, RIPED, CNPC)

OnePetro 

Abstract

China has abundant low-rank coalbed methane resources. The research object is the low rank lignite seams in Jiergalangtu Sag in Erlian Basin. The reservoir has low porosity and low permeability, and it has no natural productivity. The coal seams have a burial depth of 200-600 meters, thickness of 40-60 meters, and Ro of 0.32% to 0.47%. Borrowing the idea of well completion experience for the conventional low rank coal seams in the region, open hole cavity completion techniques were adopted in two wells, obtaining an output of only about 150 m3/d. The conventional active water fracturing was also tested in another well, and the output after fracturing was 200-300 m3/d. The effect of stimulation was very poor, which limited commercial exploitation activities in the region. This paper introduces two techniques to improve the effect of stimulation by improving induced fracture extension and supporting capacity in the coal seams, including the hydraulic blasting & grouting caving fracturing technique and the reverse compound fracturing technique, which were applied in two wells. A constant rate of production after fracturing reached 1,500-2,000m3/d, which was well above the lower limit output of economic exploitation in the region of 600m3/d. Exciting results were obtained. The exploration of these techniques is of great significance for low rank coalbed methane stimulation, which can help us to implement effective fracturing stimulation operation in low rank coal seams to obtain the best production effect.