Implementation of Factory Cementing Concept in the High-Intensity Drilling Environment of Khazzan, Sultanate of Oman

Therond, Emmanuel (BP) | Najwani, Yaseen (BP) | Al Alawi, Mohamed (BP) | Al Noumani, Muneer Hamood (BP) | Al Rawahi, Yaqdhan Khalfan (BP) | Aryanto, Toscha Mardha (Halliburton)


Abstract The Khazzan and Ghazeer gas fields in the Sultanate of Oman are projected to deliver production of gas and condensate for decades to come. Over the life of the project, around 300 wells will be drilled, with a target drilling and completion time of 42 days for a vertical well. The high intensity of the well construction requires a standardized and robust approach for well cementing to deliver high-quality well integrity and zonal isolation. The wells are designed with a surface casing, an intermediate casing, a production casing or production liner, and a cemented completion. Most sections are challenging in terms of zonal isolation. The surface casing is set across a shallow-water carbonate formation, prone to lost circulation and shallow water flow. The production casing or production liner is set across fractured limestones and gas-bearing zones that can cause A- and B-Annulus sustained casing pressure if not properly isolated. The cemented completion is set across a high-temperature sandstone reservoir with depletion and the cement sheath is subjected to very high pressure and temperature variations during the fracturing treatment. A standardized cement blend is implemented for the entire field from the top section down to the reservoir. This blend works over a wide slurry density and temperature range, has expanding properties, and can sustain the high temperature of the reservoir section. For all wells, the shallow-water flow zone on the surface casing is isolated by a conventional 11.9 ppg lightweight lead slurry, capped with a reactive sodium silicate gel, and a 15.8 ppg cement slurry pumped through a system of one-inch flexible pipes inserted in the casing/conductor annulus. The long intermediate casing is cemented in one stage using a conventional lightweight slurry containing a high-performance lost circulation material to seal the carbonate microfractures. The excess cement volume is based on loss volume calculated from a lift pressure analysis. The cemented completion uses a conventional 13.7 - 14.5 ppg cement slurry; the cement is pre-stressed in situ with an expanding agent to prevent cement failure when fracturing the tight sandstone reservoir with high-pressure treatment. Zonal isolation success in a high-intensity drilling environment is assessed through key performance zonal isolation indicators. Short-term zonal isolation indicators are systematically used to evaluate cement barrier placement before proceeding with installing the next casing string. Long-term zonal isolation indicators are used to evaluate well integrity over the life of the field. A-Annulus and B-Annulus well pressures are monitored through a network of sensors transmitting data in real time. Since the standardization of cementing practices in the Khazzan field short-term job objectives met have increased from 76% to 92 % and the wells with sustained casing pressure have decreased from 22 % to 0%.

  Country: Asia > Middle East > Oman > Ad Dhahirah Governorate (0.69)
  Industry: Energy > Oil & Gas > Upstream (1.00)
  Oilfield Places:

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