The paper presents compositional data and PVT data for a Middle East reservoir fluid with a reservoir temperature of 394 K and reservoir pressure of 287 bar. The PVT data was selected and designed to provide the best possible starting point for developing an EOS model that would accurately reproduce the phase behavior of a reservoir fluid subject to injection of either CO2 or a hydrocarbon gas.
To eliminate the uncertainty from use of default molecular weights and densities for the C7+ hydrocarbon fractions the reservoir fluid composition was analyzed using a True Boiling Point (TBP) analysis. PVT experiments, both routine and gas injection (EOR) experiments, were carried out including solubility swelling, equilibrium and multi contact experiments and slim tube tests. With both injection gases the reservoir fluid shows a combined vaporizing/condensing drive mechanism.
A 9-component EOS model was developed for the volume corrected Peng-Robinson equation of state, which shows a good match of all available data. Two methods were used to predict the vaporizing/condensing MMP; (a) a multi-component tie-line MMP algorithm and (b) a compositional 1D simulator. The CO2 MMP is considerably lower than the reservoir pressure while the MMP seen with the hydrocarbon gas is close to the reservoir pressure.