Modeling of a New Single-Well EOR Piloting Technique: Application to CO2 EOR

Kristensen, Morten Rode (Schlumberger Middle East SA.) | Ayan, Cosan (Schlumberger) | Ramamoorthy, Raghu (Schlumberger)


Screening and piloting of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods is often a lengthy process requiring large financial commitments. The reservoir uncertainty and, for some EOR methods, the lack of fundamental recovery mechanism understanding, call for a careful and staged screening and piloting program before committing to full-field implementation. The MicroPilot* single-well in situ EOR evaluation is a new piloting technique which allows for rapid and cost effective testing of EOR methods under in-situ downhole conditions. It is a log-inject-log technique conducted with a wireline formation tester, where a small quantity of EOR fluid is injected and the resulting change in oil saturation then determined based on a set of openhole logs that are run both before and after the injection.

The MicroPilot is a proven piloting technology for alkaline-surfactant-polymer (ASP) EOR. In this paper, we investigate the feasibility of extending this new technology for testing of CO2 EOR. We demonstrate through detailed analytical and numerical modeling that the changes in oil saturation and composition expected during the CO2 EOR process are measurable by the openhole logs when taking into account logging tool resolution. Based on a test library consisting of 13 different oils, which have been carefully characterized to match experimental PVT data, and all of which are likely candidate oils for miscible CO2 EOR, we investigate the expected pilot response when injecting CO2 both above and below the minimum miscibility pressure. We further study the sensitivity of the pilot response to gravity effects as well as residual oil saturation to the CO2 flood.