Analysis and Optimization of Bubbly Oil Production in Heavy Oil Reservoirs

Temizel, Cenk (Aera Energy) | Moreno, Raul (Consultant) | Putra, Dike (Rafflesia Energy) | Jia, Bao (University of Kansas) | Alkouh, Ahmad (Middle East Oilfield Services)

OnePetro 

Abstract

Some heavy oils reservoirs present an unusual behavior when put on production under significant drawdown conditions. In these reservoirs, the high formation depressurization increments the recovery factor and accelerates the production rates driven by a solution gas mechanism. Due to the chemical and physical properties of these oils they tend to stabilize the dispersion of gas bubbles, promoting the generation of foam in the oleic phase. This foamy oil when compared with conventional oils result in a more productive response at similar drawdown conditions. The foamy oil phase behavior is the result of a number of complex mechanisms and requires a good understanding on each of them to estimate the potential response of these reservoirs. In this work, the role of key factors that affect the bubbly oil production is summarized.

To outline the significance of key variables on the performance, a commercial optimization and uncertainty analysis software coupled with a mechanistic simulator is used. The simulator allows a detailed modeling of the physics involved on the generation and behavior of the foamy oils, in which the foamy oil is modeled as a disperse phase of gas bubbles in the oleic phase, including small mobile gas bubbles and larger trapped gas bubbles flowing as discontinuous gas dispersion which affect foam viscosity, compressibility, mobility and relative permeability. Fluid properties used in this work are from Maini (1996).

The sensitivity and optimization analysis performed in this work on key reservoir variables and well operational parameters shows the significance of each factor on the production response. The relative importance of each variable is reported in tornado diagrams. Results showed that a strong approach on handling the reservoir unknowns are as crucial as the control of operational parameters from reservoir management point of view.

Nowadays the foamy oil behavior and its favorable production response are not totally well understood. Solutions have been proposed but they are still controversial and the use of horizontal wells introduces more complexity in the production operations. In this work is provided an in-depth optimization and uncertainty analysis to outline the role of each major parameter affecting the production response and the recovery efficiency in this type of reservoirs using horizontal wells.