Improving the Stratigraphic Concept of Channel Complex Reservoir of a Brown Field: A Case Study in Field A

Dzulkifli, Izyan Nadirah (PETRONAS Carigali Sdn. Bhd.) | M. Yusoff, Amy Mawarni (PETRONAS Carigali Sdn. Bhd.) | Basri, Abdul Hakim (PETRONAS Carigali Sdn. Bhd.) | Jamaludin, Izzuddin (PETRONAS Carigali Sdn. Bhd.) | M. Som, M. Rapi (PETRONAS Carigali Sdn. Bhd.) | M. Akram, M. Faizal (PETRONAS Carigali Sdn. Bhd.) | M. Diah, M. Amri (PETRONAS Carigali Sdn. Bhd.)


Abstract Major reservoirs in Field A namely A-2, A-3U, A-3M, and A-3L, are deposited within a multi stacked channel complex system within Group I in Malay Basin. These reservoirs were previously understood based on existing data to have no or very minimal vertical communication between them and are treated as separate systems. In 2018, three wells were proposed to drain the attic oil in the north region of A-3U reservoir. When drilling these infill wells, it was discovered that the pressure has exceeded initial reservoir pressure although the reservoir has been idle for almost a year prior to the drilling. The results of the multi-rate test of two of the three infill wells that are less than 1 km apart are significantly different from one another. Post drilling, more tests were executed to investigate the connection between the sand. Studies were also done by incorporating the static and dynamic reservoir modeling data. Based on the result of the tests and studies, it was concluded that all of the major sands are connected at some areas. This new finding on the connectivity might be able to explain the additional volume needed to history match some of the reservoirs. Establishing stratigraphy concepts of a reservoir particularly in a channel complex system is an ongoing process, in this case, a brown field of almost 20 years of production. All data including new well data and dynamic data plays a vital role for a better understanding of the reservoir. It is essential to incorporate the updated geological understanding into the static model to have a representative simulation for better history matching and prediction. Moving forward, instead of building a separate grid model for each reservoir, a larger framework consist of intercalated reservoir grids will be built with this new geological understanding for dynamic simulation.

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